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LA SAINTE EGLISE DE PHILADELPHIA

L E  P A T R I A R C A T  C A T H O L I C  E T  A P O S T H O L I C

ECCLESIA CATHOLICA APOSTHOLICA

A U  N O M  D E  L ’E S S E N T I E L  E X I S T A N T  P A R  S O I ,  D I E U  T O U T  P U I S S A N T ,  E T E R N E L,
U N I
 D E  C O U R  E T  D ’E S P R I T  A  T O U T E S  L E S  I N T E L L I G E N C E S  Q U I  P E U P L E N T  L E S  S A I N T  E O N S,
Q U I
 P R I E N T  A V E C  N O U S  E T  N O U S  A S S I S T E N T ,  A M E N

A  G L O I R E  D E  D I E U,  D E  L E  S A I N T E  S P R IT,  E  D E  PX


THE EPISCOPAL ORDERS

LINES OF APOSTOLIC SUCCESSION

RT REV BISHOP DAVID, REGENT
HOSPITALLERS ORDER OF THE GOOD NEWS

EVEQUE DE PHILADELPHIA

B I S H O P  B Y  T H E  G R A C E  O F  G O D

E V E Q U E  P O U R  L A  G R A C E  D E  D I E U

B I S P O  P E L A  G R A C A  D E  D E U S

TO ALL OUR BELOVED AND MOST REVEREND, RIGHT REVERENED AND VERY REVERENED BRETHREN IN OUR LORD THE CHRIST AND IN SUCCESSION OF THE LINE OF AUTHORITY OF THE APOSTLES ST. PETER, ST. JOHN, ST. BARTHOLOMEW AND ST. THOMAS, GREETINGS IN THE UNITY OF THE MOST HOLY TRINITY, UNDIVIDED UNITY, CO-ETERNAL, CO-SUBSTANTIAL, GOD THE FATHER , GOD THE SON , GOD THE HOLY SPIRIT , ONE GOD FOREVER AND EVER. AMEN . GREETINGS IN THE LOVE OF !

DAVID EVEQUE DE PHILADELPHIA, CONSACRE LE 26 SEP 1995

"​For the Son of Man himself has not come to be served but to serve,
and to give his life to set many others free.” Mark 10:45

Lord Lead Thou The Way
I Commit My Body, My Mind, To Be One With Thee
That We May Make Manifest the Love of God and Man

Apostolic Succession

Since the time of the Apostles, the Church catholic (universal) has existed. During the course of history, many branches of the One, Catholic, and Apostolic Church have evolved. One thing remains constant with all the branches, however, that each has maintained an unbroken line of succession from Christ and the Apostles to the present. The Apostles were the original Bishops of the Church, and their authority as episcopes has been passed down to this day. There are many Rites in the One, Catholic, and Apostolic Church. In designating the unity of these many Rites, the word catholic is used to mean universal, and does not infer preference to any one particular denomination. Such denominations would include the Roman Rite, Anglican Rite, Celtic Rite, and Orthodox Rite, to suggest a few—in addition to the many that go unnamed.

There have been many Bishops who continued the lineage and served the teachings of Christ in a relatively unstructured way. Due to political factions, human disagreements, and poorly kept records, the fog of history has obscured some lines of succession. Often times, missing records have been used to justify accusations of invalid authority. At the same time, other more devoted clergy and diligent scholars have set aside differences in favour of unity and historical accuracy. It is consistently true throughout history that the authority and character of the Apostolic Church have been preserved less by doctrine and more by the lineages of consecrated leadership. Jesus established this at the very beginning when he sent the Apostles out to the world individually (not collectively) to teach the good news (Gospel). St. Augustine was one of the early pillars of Christian philosophy. In his theology it is stated that because of the indelible character of a consecration, a validly consecrated Bishop permanently retains Episcopal powers notwithstanding any schisms or ex-communications. Hugh George de Willmott Newman, Mar Georgius I, Patriarch of Glastonbury, conducted extensive research and reconstructive history of the Church earlier this century, and published a work entitled “Successio Apostolica”. In this work he explains how he sought to discover, clarify, and reinstate many different lines of succession.

Desiring to restore Orthodox Apostolic Catholicism of Undivided Christendom, he and those with him in the early days of his pontificate, became reconciled that all consecrations and ordinations of proven validity were equally efficacious regardless of any particular denomination or line of Apostolic Succession. He fortified the authenticity of Apostolic Succession by achieving Episcopal Consecrations in many authentic lines of succession. This brought into being an Ecumenical Apostolic Succession derived from every part of The One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church. The lines of succession enumerated on the following pages are a result of the reconstructive research conducted by Mar Georgius I, sixth Patriarch of Glastonbury, England. As this history reveals, twenty lines of succession lead to the consecration of the Bishops of Spiritis Church. What is known of these lines is presented with the desire to cement ecumenical relationships and shorten the period until the whole Church, the Body of Christ, will be fully united.



Coat of Arms of the First Grand Master of the Order

The Bordered Cross is seen in both sides and the Sun the Symbol of the Light of the Christ can be seen above all else. Under the sun the place of learning of the teachings of Christ the God of Humankind. The Balance symbol of Justice, the winged caduceus of Asclepius symbol of the Art of Health. The square and compass the symbol of the Physical World and the Spiritual Word. The pomegranate the symbol of Oneness, the knowledge of the Unity of all things in creation, everything is connected and everything is one.

THE CONTINUITY OF CHRIST’S WORK

How is Christ's work continued in the world today? In two principal ways, first, through the sacrament of baptism by which all Christians become members of the “royal priesthood” (1Pt 2:9); second, through Apostolic Succession. Our Lord Jesus Christ, himself, chose the Apostles to form the Christian ministry as a means of applying the blessings of the Incarnation to the world. Christ intended that the Apostolic ministry should be carried on from age to age until the end of time. How was this continuity to be secured? As Christ ordained the twelve Apostles so they chose others to take their places and continue their ministries. This continuous passing down of the Christian ministry is called the “Apostolic Succession”, which links the ancient Church of the first century with the Church of today and of the future. The Apostles laid their hands upon their successors and these successors in turn did the same to others, By the laying on of hands, the appropriate intention and words uttered in the rite of ordination or consecration, a bishop sets apart every other successive deacon, priest and bishop for Christ’s service. By this means there has been no break in the transmission of the ministerial commission in the orthodox, Catholic Church from ancient times to the present. To ensure that this chain is unbroken, as a general rule, three bishop’s act as co-consecrators of the bishop-elect, although usually one is named as the primary consecrator. St. Augustine's Doctrine of Orders suggests and maintains that these orders are valid.

O QUE É A SUCESSÃO APOSTÓLICA

Jesus Cristo escolheu alguns de seus discípulos mais próximos para serem mebasrim ou mestres de seu evangelho (Basrah "mensagem divina"). Ele os investiu de autoridade, a fim de que realizassem suas próprias obras, incluindo liberdade de interpretar as Escrituras, criar escolas de instrução espiritual, aprisionar forças demoníacas e liberar a humanidade das conseqüências do pecado ou "dívida". Após a ressurreição de Jesus, seus discípulos formaram comunidades de santos sob a supervisão espiritual dos mebasrim. A comunidade central, em Jerusalém, era supervisionada por Tiago, o menor ou o justo, também chamado de "irmão" do mestre (irmão em linguagem evangélica quer dizer "primo"). Simão (Pedro) também era mebasrim, assim como João, Tomé, André e pelo menos mais oito.

Costuma-se enumerar os primeiros discípulos de Jesus em 12, embora haja evidências de que este número seja maior. Eles acompanharam o Mestre (Mar, "Senhor") de perto em sua missão e foram depois incumbidos por ele de pregar o Evangelho a todas as criaturas. Eles testemunharam os seus milagres e gravaram seus ensinamentos, que depois transmitiram. Com o surgimento do Cristianismo Grego, os mebasrim originais foram chamados "Apóstolos" (apostoloi, aqueles que são enviados). A mensagem divina destes Apóstolos era o Evangelion ou "Boa Nova". Eles eram apontados, algumas vezes, como angeloi, anjos ou mensageiros. Como líderes da comunidade de santos eram conhecidos como episcopoi ou "superiores". Com esta capacidade eram também conhecidos, metaforicamente, como pastores, o que ainda é simbolizado pelo cajado ou bastão do bispo.

Os Apóstolos originais viajaram de Jerusalém à Galiléia, a fim de levar a notícia da crucificação e ressurreição de Jesus a todos os seus discípulos, pois Jesus havia pregado na maioria dos distritos da Palestina e tornado talmidim muitos de seus ouvintes. Depois disto, muitos Apóstolos seguiram rumo a outras sinagogas para transmitir a mensagem divina de Jesus a toda Israel e aos gentios 'temedores de Deus" que freqüentavam o Sabat e o Deus único de Israel ("gentil" era a designação que os judeus davam aos pagãos. Por não serem circuncidados e não pertencerem à nação judia, eram desprezados e até mesmo abominados).

Os Apóstolos escolhiam, em todas as comunidades, "inspetores" para assumirem o papel de líderes de congregações. Estes bispos eram os sucessores dos Apóstolos, investidos da mesma mensagem e revestidos da mesma autoridade. Estes, por sua vez, podiam colocar as mão sobre seus sucessores transmitindo e perpetuando as tradições apostólicas e desta forma, assegurar a sobrevivência da mensagem divina entre a humanidade. Muitas "linhas" de sucessão apostólica foram estabelecidas, cada uma levou o nome de um Apóstolo individual, e teve um modelo próprio de instrução apostólica. Embora os Apóstolos não discordassem quanto a compreensão da mensagem, cada tradição apostólica preservava uma diferente apreensão e ênfase, era uma parte do todo. Com o passar dos séculos, as diferentes tradições apostólicas foram colocadas uma contra as outras, através das vicissitudes do isolamento geográfico, acomodação cultural e ascendência política. A maioria das comunidades Cristãs em Alexandria, Antioquia, Edessa e Efesus foi eclipsada pelo surgimento do Cristianismo Romano ortodoxo (seguindo as tradições apostólicas de Pedro e do auto proclamado Paulo, que não era um discípulo original ou Apóstolo de Jesus).

O misticismo Cristão no Ocidente estava organizado segundo as tradições apostólicas de João, enquanto que o misticismo de Tomé, Felipe e Tiago era rejeitado como sendo "gnóstico". As comunidades Judáico-Cristã originais retrocederam nas sombras do que seria chamado heresia e na época de Constantino, somente os ensinamento apostólicos de Pedro e João estavam sendo preservados no Ocidente, Assim, a Igreja Romana baseou sua sucessão apostólica em Pedro.

As outras tradições apostólicas da Síria, Egito, Judéia e do Oriente se tornaram ortodoxias menores de "terceiro mundo", em cismas com, Roma, só vindo à tona de tempos em tempos nos anais da história ocidental. Por volta do ano 90, o Bispo Clemente de Roma considerou necessário escrever uma carta à igreja de Corinto exortando-a a aceitar seus sucessores apostólicos, ao invés de tentar suplantá-los com mestres auto proclamados de um evangelho mais popular. Problemas do mesmo tipo surgiram nas igrejas da Ásia Menor e o Bispo Ignatius de Antioquia exortou continuamente as igrejas, para as quais enviava inúmeras cartas, a respeitarem e honrarem seus bispos apostólicos. No início do segundo século o profeta Cristão Hermas, que viveu numa época de grande desunião Cristã, recebeu a seguinte revelação:

"Os Apóstolos, bispos, mestres e diáconos...caminharam de acordo com a majestade de Deus, e serviram o eleito de Deus em santidade e reverência, como bispos mestres e diáconos. Alguns deles adormeceram, outros se encontravam na carne. E eles concordavam entre si, tiveram paz e ouviram uns aos outros". "The Shepherd", Visão III,5.1. O exemplo da unidade apostólica, não importa a interpretação individual ou compreensão da mensagem divina, ainda era evidente três gerações após a ressurreição de Jesus Cristo. Era esta unidade que o episcopado deveria preservar, era esta a vontade do Cristo. No ano 155 o Bispo Polycarpo de Smirna visitou o Bispo Anicetus de Roma, a fim de persuadi-lo a aceitar a tradição estipulada pelo Apóstolo João de observar a Páscoa (Pascha) no dia judaico 14 de Nissan ou Passover, seja qual fosse o dia da semana. O bispo romano havia recebido uma tradição diferente através de Pedro (e dos evangelhos sinópticos, os evangelhos de São Mateus, São Marcos e São Lucas, assim chamados porque permitem uma vista de conjunto, dada a semelhança de suas versões) de acordo com a qual a Páscoa deve ser sempre celebrada no Domingo, o primeiro (ou oitavo) dia da semana judaica após Nissan 14.

Os dois decidiram respeitar cada tradição apostólica, mas continuaram celebrando da maneira já acostumada. A tão chamada controvérsia Quartodécima, facilmente resolvida pelos sábios bispos se tornou, mais tarde, o centro de uma tempestade dogmática, resultando na excomunhão de muitas igrejas na Ásia Menor e na formação de igrejas quartodécimas heréticas. Muitos outros exemplos de declínio da paz e da unidade apostólica frustraram o desenvolvimento da doutrina Cristã e sua constituição, chegando até mesmo a gerar guerras e perseguição religiosa.

Uma coisa é certa. Jesus Cristo não transmitiu e nem tinha a intenção de transmitir uma autoridade apostólica para "excomungar" outros Apóstolos. Não há absolutamente base alguma para a excomunhão de uma tradição apostólica por outra, estas ações não tem validade. É por isso que mesmo agora em todas as tradições apostólicas nunca se alega que a excomunhão invalida ordens episcopais. Ela simplesmente separa um corpo eclesiástico de outro, de forma ilegítima e artificial. Desta forma, a Igreja Católica Romana reconhece a validade das sucessões episcopais em todas as tradições "ortodoxas" (Grega, Russa, Síria, Cópta, etc.) e vice-versa. Embora as ordens Anglicanas fossem questionadas pela hierarquia Romana, por muitos séculos, é de consenso geral que se elas não foram originalmente válidas, (a maioria dos estudiosos afirma que são) acabaram absorvendo validade através dos séculos, através de acordos mantidos entre igrejas Anglicanas e ortodoxas da Índia e outros lugares.

Apenas os ministros das igrejas protestantes são definitivamente não apostólicos, e tão pouco se proclamam como tal. O argumento que usam é que, a intenção original da sucessão apostólica era preservar os ensinamentos de Jesus, e que na época da reforma protestante estes se encontravam totalmente distorcidos. Assim, não havia necessidade de dar continuidade a qualquer linha apostólica para os ensinamentos Cristãos básicos. Pela primeira vez na história, todas as linhas de sucessão sobreviventes e ensinamentos apostólicos se reuniram em um episcopado. O repertório completo das linhas apostólicas reuniram-se definitivamente nas pessoas de Mar Georgius I, Mar Joannes, Bispo Wadle e nos poucos a quem eles e sua herança consagraram. Trata-se de um profundo e significante ponto da história espiritual pois, pela primeira vez, é possível restaurar o total e completo Corpo de Cristo assim como era constituído originalmente - uma comunidade de santos com compreensões diversas, mas com verdadeira unidade espiritual.

AS TRADIÇÕES APOSTÓLICAS ORIGINAIS

TIAGO O JUSTO

Filho de Alfeu e primeiro Bispo de Jerusalém, cuja igreja dirigiu entre 42 e 62 D.C. Como "irmão" de Jesus (provavelmente um membro da mesma comunidade de santos), era respeitado na congregação Judáico-Cristã. Os primeiros cristãos o chamavam "O Justo", devido à sua grande piedade. Pertencem a ele as tradições Judáico-Cristã preservadas no Evangelho dos Ebionitas, Evangelho dos Hebreus, Elevações de Tiago, na última Epístola Canônica de Tiago e possivelmente em outras obras associadas a seu nome como o "Protevangelium", embora haja dúvidas sobre isso. A epístola (carta dos Apóstolos e comu-nidades cristãs primitivas) de Tiago apresenta autênticos ensinamentos preservados na tradição apos-tólica oral. Tiago deu origem à sucessão apostólica Cristã-Judáica de Jerusalém, que contribuiu para a sucessão Síria, Jacobita, Armênia e Georgiana. A Liturgia de São Tiago, que se assemelha àquela do Bispo Cyril de Jerusalém (ano 386), parece ser um desenvolvimento de 5 séculos através das tra-dições apostólicas de Jerusalém e é ainda usada por certos ramos da ortodoxia.

SIMÃO PEDRO

O príncipe dos Apóstolos. Chamava-se Simão, era filho de Jonas e irmão de André. Pescava um dia às margens do rio Jordão quando Jesus o chamou. Daí por diante passou a seguir o Divino Mestre, que dele fez o chefe do colégio apostólico. Possuía uma fé intensa, mas às vezes se mostrava fraco, incrédulo e até mesmo covarde. Presenciou a transfiguração, mas não apareceu no Calvário. Jesus o incumbiu de confirmar os irmãos na fé e deu-lhe as chaves do seu reino. Fortalecido pelo Espírito Santo no dia de Pentecostes, se pois a pregar o Evangelho aos judeus e gentios. Presidiu a eleição de Matias, escolhido para suceder a Judas, bem como o Concílio de Jerusalém, depois do qual se dispersaram os Apóstolos, a fim de, seguindo a determinação do Mestre, irem pregar o Evangelho a toda criatura, batizando-a em nome do Pai, do Filho e do Espírito Santo. Levado perante o Sanedrim (Supremo Conselho dos Judeus), afirmou sua fé em Cristo. Foi preso por ordem do rei Agripa I, encaminhado à Roma durante o reinado de Nero, onde fundou e presidiu à comunidade cristã, vindo a perecer martirizado em 67. As tradições petrinianas foram registradas por Marcos o Evangelista, em Roma, que também pode ter produzido um evangelho secreto que trouxe à Alexandria, destinado ao ensinamento esotérico. A pregação de Pedro é a base do Evangelho Canônico de Marcos, que representa a maior influência na produção de outros evangelhos sinópticos, os de Mateus e Lucas. Alguma autenticidade fundamenta o fragmentado Evangelho de Pedro e possivelmente a Primeira Epístola de Pedro. Há numerosas lendas sobre o seu confronto romano com Simão Megas ("O Grande", mudado por um polêmico trocadilho, para Magus, "O Mago").  As tradições petrinianas estão intimamente ligadas aos ensinamentos Paulíneos nas últimas Epístolas Pastorais do Novo Testamento. Pedro fundou as linhas apostólicas de Antioquia e Síria (as mais antigas sucessões do Cristianismo, precedendo as de Roma em vários anos) que sobrevivem em várias ortodoxias Sírias. Não é necessário dizer que fundou também a su-cessão Romana, e pode ter estabelecido outras em suas andanças.

JOÃO

Era irmão de Tiago o Maior, filho de Zebedeu e Salomé. Era pescador e discípulo de São João Batista antes de o ser de Jesus. Foi companheiro inseparável de Pedro. Nos primeiros tempos da Igreja, coube-lhe impor as mãos aos recém convertidos, em Samaria. Evangelizou os Samaritanos. Esteve em Jerusalém no ano 37 e depois por ocasião do Concílio dos Apóstolos, que se realizou em Antioquia. Diz a tradição que morreu quase centenário, possivelmente em Éfeso. Exilado em Patmos, durante a perseguição de Domiciano (93-98), ali compôs o Apocalipse (Revelação), onde narra as suas visões e descreve mistérios, predizendo as tribulações da Igreja e o seu triunfo final. Além do seu Evangelho (o 4º) e do Apocalipse (que é o derradeiro livro da Bíblia), escreveu três Epístolas.

Jesus, ao morrer, confiou-lhe a mãe, da qual cuidou até morrer, durante o reinado de Trajano. O quarto Evangelho difere dos demais, chamados sinóticos, porque relatam os mesmos fatos com algumas variantes. São João começa dissertando sobre a origem divina de Jesus, a quem cognomina "Logos", "o Verbo", "a Palavra" de Deus. Jesus é idêntico a Deus. É Ele a manifestação personificada de Deus, o filho de Deus feito homem. Por isso existiu desde toda eternidade, e finalmente, tomando a natureza humana, se fez carne, e habitou entre nós. Os ensinamentos de João são preservados no seu Evangelho e nas três epístolas, embora possam ter sido escritas por um discípulo. O Apocalipse é realmente atribuído ao próprio João, mas foi claramente escrito por uma diferente pessoa ou escola daquela do Evangelho e das Epístolas. De acordo com Clemente de Alexandria, João ordenou bispos em Éfesos e outras províncias da Ásia Menor. Ireneus afirma que os Bispos Polycarpo e Papias foram seus discípulos. Os primeiros fragmentos dos escritos Joanitas foram encontrados em papiros no Egito datando de princípios do segundo século, e muitas escolas acreditam que ele tenha visitado estas áreas.

TOMÉ - O GÊMEO

Tomé foi o mais influente e produtivo dentre vários discípulos que foram para o Oriente, incluindo Bartolomeu, André, Simão e Judas. Os ensinamentos destes homens ficaram perdidos para as Igrejas do Ocidente, mas continuam atuais para as tradições ortodoxas e orientais. Ao contrário de Pedro e Felipe, estes Apóstolos não eram casados. O ascetismo (prática da ascese) era um importante ponto de contato espiritual entre eles e seus ouvintes orientais, que já idealizavam o ascetismo como uma medida de maestria divina, devido a nativa ideologia religiosa do Brahmanismo e do Zoroastrianismo. Como seus ensinamentos foram "lembrados" e registrados, o ascetismo foi enfatizado e se tornou o ponto central. Por esta razão, a Igreja Ocidental minimizou a importância do Apóstolo que, como Jesus, não se casou, ao ponto de categorizar sua tradições como "heréticas". Mas muitas lendas e tradições destes grandes santos foram preservadas em evangelhos apócrifos e romances dos três primeiros séculos, o que permite a recuperação de seus ensinamentos. Tomé, em particular, foi muito estimado e há evidências de que tenha viajado não só à Pérsia, mas até mesmo à Índia, provavelmente acompanhado por Bartolomeu e Judas, trazendo talvez um Evangelho Hebráico original de Matias à Índia. Tomé era uma pessoa profundamente mística, assim como João e Felipe. Ao separar, mais tarde, a doutrina gnóstica do Evangelho de Tomé e examinando cuidadosamente outras tradições como os "Atos de Tomé" e "Tomé o Ascético", comparando-as ao misticismo de Paulo, João e Felipe, é possível reconstituir um esboço de seus ensinamentos. Estes, claro, apontam de volta aos ensinamentos originais de Jesus. Tomé criou linhas apostólicas de sucessão em todos os lugares por onde passou no Oriente, indo de sinagoga em sinagoga. Isto inclui Síria, Armênia, toda a região da Caldéia (Pérsia) e Índia. Os Cristãos de Tomé de Malabar ainda sobrevivem.

BARTOLOMEU

Conhecido também como Natanael, Bartolomeu teria sido apresentado à Jesus por Felipe. Assim como Tomé, era um viajante e a tradição o localiza em áreas como Índia, Armênia, Irã, Síria e por algum tempo na Grécia, com Felipe (Phrygia). As sucessões da Armênia podem derivar dele e de vários outros Apóstolos. A tradição diz que Bartolomeu trazia consigo o perdido Evangelho Herético de Matias (ou Mateus) escrito em hebraico. As poucas anotações que restaram da era sub-apostólica e patrística indicam que este evangelho judeu era bastante diferente dos evangelhos gregos gentis (Mateus, Marcos, Lucas e João), assim como eram os tão chamados evangelhos judaico-cristãos he-réticos dos Nazarenos, Ebionitas e Hebreus, dos quais só restaram fragmentos. Diferentemente dos evangelhos gentis, estas tradições consideravam o Espírito Santo como a Divina Mãe de Cristo e não adoravam Jesus como uma divindade, mas como um irmão mais velho e líder da comunidade dos santos de Deus (cf. Lewis Keizer: "Nova Luz sobre os ensinamentos de Jesus: Um guia para idiomas aramáicos, pesquisas recentes e a mensagem original de Jesus Cristo"). Muitas tradições de Bartolomeu são preservadas em obras como "O Evangelho de Bartolomeu", "Pregação de São Bartolomeu no Oásis" e a "Pregação de Santo André e São Bartolomeu".

ANDRÉ

Filho de Jonas, irmão de Pedro o pescador. Antes de conhecer o Divino Mestre, era discípulo de São João Batista. Após a dispersão dos Apóstolos, evangelizou na Ásia Menor, na Capadócia e possivelmente na Rússia, onde é venerado. Dizem que pereceu em uma cruz em formato de X, mais tarde conhecida como Cruz de Santo André. De acordo com os "Atos de Santo André e São Bartolomeu" (os dois Apóstolos estão tradicionalmente ligados e devem ter viajado juntos) eles pregaram em Epiro, Trácia, Galácia, Bitnia, Cítia, Danúbio e Acaía, países do Oriente Médio ou Europa Oriental. Outra tradição indica atividades na Grécia com Felipe. É certo que André tenha pregado também em Èfeso e Ásia Menor onde por revelação convenceu João a escrever o documento no qual os Quatro Evangelhos estão baseados. André fundou sucessões apostólicas em todas estas áreas. Seus ensinamentos eram similares aos de João, Bartolomeu e Tomé.

JUDAS TADEU

Descendente da linhagem real de Davi, irmão de Tiago, o Menor, e primo de Jesus. A tradição diz ter evangelizado na Mesopotâmia, Palestina, Síria e a Arábia. É localizado na Armênia nos anos de 43 a 66, onde se juntou a quatro outros Apóstolos do Oriente. Há 3 Judas no Novo Testamento e de acordo com alguns estudiosos, o escritor da "Epistola de Judas", que se denominava "irmão do Senhor" é uma outra pessoa. Isto é questionável porque não está claro se a designação "irmão" era familiar ou fraternal (como Tomé o Justo considerava) e, em segundo lugar, a única base para se duvidar que Jesus tenha tido irmãos familiares é a constituição eclesiástica referente à Virgem Maria. Como poderia o mesmo ventre santo dar à luz mais de um filho divino?

A tradição cristã gosta de ver Maria como uma virgem. Se não uma virgem, pelo menos a mãe de uma única criança - o Messias. Esta é uma base muito pobre para se descobrir a verdade histórica. Fica claro que o Apóstolo Judas era ativo principalmente na Armênia, Síria e Norte da Pérsia, sendo o primeiro a manifestar apoio ao rei estrangeiro (Algar de Edessa). Judas aparentemente viajou acompanhado de Simão o Zelot, quinto Apóstolo a ir ao Oriente.

SIMÃO (O CANANITA OU ZELOT)

Da mesma forma que Felipe, Simão parece ter ido primeiro ao Egito. Como a tradição sinóptica diz que Jesus enviou seus discípulos aos pares, talvez eles tenham realmente viajado juntos. Simão, no entanto, parece ter voltado através da África do Norte, Espanha e Bretanha (segundo uma determinada tradição). Ele deve ter voltado por terra à Ásia Menor e de lá se juntado à outros Apóstolos orientais na Pérsia. Deste ponto pode ter viajado com Judas pela Mesopotâmia e Síria, encontrando o martírio na Pérsia. É difícil validar as tradições sobre os Apóstolos na Europa Ocidental e na Bretanha. Depois da era de Constantino, cada igreja local quis estabelecer sua própria validade proclamando um Apóstolo como seu padroeiro, sendo que as relíquias destes Apóstolos estão espalhadas e reverenciadas desde o Atlântico até à Índia. Acreditamos que haja ossos suficientes para formar esqueletos de duzentos Apóstolos, nos relicários! São Paulo manifestou sua intenção de ir à Espanha em uma das Epistolas canônicas e não podemos duvidar que a Europa Ocidental tenha sido visitada pelos Apóstolos, pois houveram sinagogas judaicas na Espanha. A Bretanha contudo, provavelmente tenha sido evangelizada pela segunda ou terceira geração de sucessores dos Apóstolos (Igreja Celta). Com Felipe e Marcos, discípulos de Pedro, Simão provavelmente ajudou a estabelecer os ensinamentos de Jesus no Egito. Sua pregação era bem parecida com a dos outros quatro Apóstolos que foram para o Oriente, ascética e judaica, como aquelas preservadas na Epistola canônica de Judas.

MATEUS (LEVI)

O primeiro dos quatro evangelistas, Mateus, que tinha o apelido de Levi, era coletor de impostos. Por causa desta profissão ele era bastante antipático aos judeus. Chamado por Jesus, Mateus o acompanhou em suas peregrinações, presenciou seus milagres e ouviu seus ensinamentos, que mais tarde compendiou em seu Evangelho, primitivamente redigido em aramáico. Este evangelho não existe mais, mas pode ter sido a base do evangelho grego, mais tarde associado a seu nome. Destinou-se aos judeus-cristãos, objetivando demonstrar-lhes que era Jesus o Messias prometido de Israel. Diz a tradição que ele, após a morte de Jesus, pregou na Palestina e em seguida na Etiópia, onde ressuscitou a filha do rei. Esteve também na Arábia e na Pérsia, onde veio a morrer martirizado. Seus escritos não devem ser confundidos com as Traduções e outras obras associadas ao Apóstolo Matias, embora seu evangelho hebraico tenha sido chamado de Evangelho de Matias - uma questão confusa para o leitor de língua Portuguesa. Alguns estudiosos acreditam que os fragmentos existentes do "Evangelho Segundo os Hebreus" seja uma versão do evangelho hebraico ou aramáico original de Mateus. O Bispo Papias, discípulo do Apóstolo João, que viveu no final do primeiro século, é citado por Eusebius afirmando que Mateus compôs em aramáico os "Oráculos do Senhor", então traduzidos para o grego "por cada homem que fosse capaz". Este é um importante testemunho, já que Papias passou grande parte de seu ministério coletando as primeiras memórias orais dos Apóstolos e seus discípulos. Clemente de Alexandria diz que ele não morreu violentamente, mas o Talmud afirma que ele foi condenado a morte pelo Sanhedrin judaico. Apesar da confusão entre as tradições de Mateus e Matias, parece que foi realmente Mateus quem se associou a André, sendo que existe um apócrifo intitulado "Atos de André e Mateus".

MATIAS

Após a traição de Judas Iscariotes, Matias foi eleito por muitos para ocupar seu lugar no colégio apostólico. Teria sido uns dos 72 discípulos enviados por Jesus a diversas cidades, consoante o relato evangélico e estava preparado para tal responsabilidade. Tecnicamente ele foi o primeiro "bispo" ou recipiente da sucessão apostólica. Além disso, ele era um Apóstolo original e testemunho da ressurreição. Matias estabeleceu o fundamento para o Cristianismo Egípcio e de acordo com filósofos esotéricos cristãos do segundo século, Alexandria, Basilides e seu filho Isadore, estabeleceram a forma "gnóstica" de misticismo que é característica do Cristianismo Egípcio. Matias foi um dos cinco Apóstolos na Armênia sendo mais provável que ele, e não Mateus, quem tenha sido condenado e martirizado pelo Sanhedrin judaico na Pérsia. Ele está ligado também à Etiópia, que pode ter sido uma parte da Macedônia ou Armênia (Matias teve ligações com Felipe, Tomé e outros evangelistas da Etiópia). Contudo, as estórias que o conectam ao Norte da África e a visitas aos canibais podem apontar para a Etiópia Africana, citada por Felipe através das sobreviventes tradições dos Cristãos Cóptas. Seus ensinamentos foram preservados pelos primeiros gnósticos Alexandrianos, Basilides e Isadore.

TIAGO - O MENOR

Como irmão de Mateus (o coletor de impostos) e filho de Alfeu, se diferenciava violentamente em sua ideologia política, antes de se tornar discípulo de Jesus. Mateus empobrecia os romanos, enquanto Tiago se tornava um zelot revolucionário como Simão. Ele tinha um outro irmão José e uma irmã Salomé, que aparece em algumas tradições Cristãs apócrifas.

O Apóstolo Judas também havia sido um zelot galileu antes de se tornar discípulo de Jesus. Tiago, aparentemente, permaneceu na Galiléia, na maior parte de seu ministério, viajando, certa vez, à Armênia. No princípio havia grande confusão entre Tiago - o Justo e Tiago o Menor e as relíquias do primeiro foram trazidas à Armênia para comemorar a visita apostólica de um Tiago chamado "irmão" de Jesus. Contudo, como em toda tradição apostólica, qualquer Apóstolo que chegava e ensinava em algum lugar era honrado em sua sucessão como o "maior" discípulo de Jesus. João era o discípulo "bem-amado"; Tomé, o "Mestre Maior"; Tiago, "O Justo", "por causa dele o céu e a terra vieram a existir" e Pedro "aquele para quem foram entregues as chaves do céu".

A tradição de cada Apóstolo o proclamou como o maior. Isto se complicou ainda mais pela probabilidade de cada um deles se dizer "irmão" do Mestre Jesus (Mar, Mestre Rabino), como um parceiro fraternal no serviço de Deus. Assim, parece mais plausível, que aquele que visitou a Armênia tenha sido Tiago o menor, pois sabemos que Tiago o justo, permaneceu em Jerusalém encontrando o martírio nas mãos do corpo religioso do Templo.

FELIPE

Natural de Betsaida, perdeu o pai exatamente na ocasião em que conheceu o Divino Mestre, não deve ser confundido com Felipe o Servo (Diácono). Felipe viajou ao Egito, Etiópia (África) e ao Norte, rumo à Grécia onde viveu em Hierápolis com suas quatro filhas, que eram profetizas. Duas delas permaneceram virgens e muito conhecidas por suas previsões. Felipe, que era um judeu helenístico, era antes de mais nada um evangelista para as sinagogas judaicas de língua grega da Phrygia e dos arredores da Grécia e Macedônia. O Evangelho de Felipe preserva um belo misticismo baseado na santidade do casamento. As igrejas de Felipe desenvolviam sete sacramentos cuja mais alta iniciação era o Mistério da Câmara Nupcial, na qual a imagem ou Yetzer de Deus, que habitava no coração do discípulo, era reunido ao Anjo ou alma ressuscitada. Mais uma vez o misticismo de Felipe está intimamente relacionado ao de Paulo, João e Tomé, mas em seu caso (e no de João) não há ênfase na abstinência sexual ou abstenção do casamento. Felipe evangelizou grande parte da Ásia Menor e da Galatia. Acredita-se que foi por causa da migração da Galatia para Gaul (França) que a tradição surgiu em Gaul. Felipe ordenou vários bispos entre os Gregos, embora a história destas episcopacias seja obscura. O apócrifo "Atos de Felipe", valoriza a virgindade, mas não contradiz os pontos essenciais do Evangelho. Na antigüidade, virgindade e casamento podiam ser paradigmas do hieros gamos ou casamento sagrado.

AS LINHAS DE SUCESSÃO APOSTÓLICA

A Igreja Católica Romana e toda a Cristandade Ocidental derivam de ordens episcopais via Pedro em Roma. A linha de sucessão estabelecida por Pedro em Antioquia na Síria, deixou de lado todas as outras linhas episcopais fundada pelos outros Apóstolos que pertencem a várias igrejas dos Gregos, Armênios, Cóptas e outros separados de Roma por cismas no início da Idade Média. Na medida em que o Ocidente passou a dominar o mundo, a pregação apostólica associada a Pedro e Roma se tornou normativa. O Cristianismo foi separado da herança múltipla de sua raiz apostólica pluralísta. Uma porção foi tomada pelo todo, e o resto descartado. Qualquer coisa fora da adaptação ocidental dos ensinamentos de Pedro e Paulo era considerado herético, sem levar em conta sua antigüidade e autenticidade. Contudo, o fato histórico é que cerca de treze outras sucessões episcopais se perpetuaram até os tempos modernos. Elas abrangem dezessete tradições além da de Roma, preservando muitas formas de ensinamento apostólico diferentes, mas igualmente válidos. Estas tradições podem ser categorizadas como:

LINHA DE SUCESSÃO

TRADIÇÃO APOSTÓLICA
 

Católica Romana

Católica Antiga

Pedro e Paulo

Reforma do século XVIII

Sírio-Antioquina

Sírio-Malabar

Sírio-Galicana

Judeu-Cristã; Nestoriana;

Monofísite e Jacobita

Tomé, Bartolomeu, Mateus

Século XX (Vilatte)
 

Grego Melquita (Bizantina)

Melquita Grego Americana

Romana-Helenística; Anti-monofisite

século XX (Sawoya-Aneed)
 

Igrejas Ortodoxas sob o patriarca de Constantinópla (Grega,Russa, Russa-Síria)

Tomé, Simão, Judas, Bartolomeu, Tiago o Menor, Matias e André
 

Sírio-Caldeo

Caldeo Unida

Judeu-Cristã; Antioquina, Romana-Helenística

Armênia

Armênia Unida

Judaico-Cristã;

São Basílio
 

Anglicana

Bispos não sacramentados

Irlandesa

Paulina Reformada

Século XVII (Inglaterra)

Século XVII (São Patrick)
 

Galês

Ordem da Reunião Corporada

Anglicana

Anglicana e Ortodoxa (Ecumênica)
 

Mariavita

Velho Católica, Século XX (Polônia)
 

Cópta
 

Copta Unida

Felipe, Simão, Judáica; São Marcos, Monofasita e Jacobita

Século XVIII (Jerusalém)

As linhas de sucessão podem ainda ser analisadas dentro de outras categorias devido as atividades dos Bispos Independentes (episcopi vagantes) no final do século XIX e XX, também pela migração de igrejas étnicas ortodoxas para os diversos continentes. O importante é mostrar caminhos pelos quais episcopados de validade foram transmitidos até os tempos modernos e demonstrar que elas incluem tradições cujas raízes remontam aos ensinamentos de todos os Apóstolos originais e não simplesmente à versão ocidental truncada, dominada pelo catolicismo romano. Todas as sucessões episcopais mencionadas acima, com exceção da Anglicana, foram oficialmente "reconhecidas" como válidas pela hierarquia Católica Romana e a maioria dos estudiosos concorda com a validade das ordens anglicanas.

But if there be any [heresies] which are bold enough to plant [their origin] in the midst of the apostolic age, that they may thereby seem to have been handed down by the apostles, because they existed in the time of the apostles, we can say: Let them produce the original records of their churches; let them unfold the roll of their bishops, running down in due succession from the beginning in such a manner that [their first] bishop shall be able to show for his ordainer and predecessor some one of the apostles or of apostolic men--a man, moreover, who continued steadfast with the apostles. For this is the manner in which the apostolic churches transmit their registers: as the church of Smyrna, which records that Polycarp was placed therein by John; as also the church of Rome, which makes Clement to have been ordained in like manner by Peter."

Tertullian, Demurrer Against the Heretics, 20 A.D. 200

"Those things, then, concerning spiritual gifts, which are worthy of note, we have set forth. God gave these gifts to people in the beginning in accordance with his will, presenting them with his own image, which had been lost. And now, out of love for all the saints, we have reached the summit of the tradition which is proper for the churches, so that those who are well-taught should guard the tradition which has come down to us now, and which we are now going to consider, and so be confirmed in their knowledge. Because of the error or falling-away that has now come about through ignorance, and through those who are ignorant, the Holy Spirit gives perfect grace to those who rightly believe, so that they should know in what manner those who are pre-eminent in the church should defend and pass on all these things... Let the bishop be ordained... having been elected by all the people. When he has been named and found pleasing to all, let the people come together with the presbyters, and any bishops who are present, on the Lord's day. When all give their consent they lay hands on him, and the presbytery stands in silence. And all shall keep silence, praying in their heart for the descent of the Holy Spirit..."

Hippolytus, On the Apostolic Tradition, A.D. 235

LE PATRIARCAT DE SAINT-PIERRE

D'ANTIOCHE ET SES PROLONGE-MENTS
MISSIONNAIRES EN OCCIDENT

DEPUIS 1877

LES MINISTERES

L'Eglise a été fondée par le Seigneur Jésus-Christ. Chaque dimanche par le Crédo, nous affirmons qu'elle a été fondée UNE. Cette unité ne s'exprime aucunement par le biais d'une organisation unique, dictatoriale et bureaucratique. Les premiers siècles de l'Eglise nous ont montré l'idée apostolique de cette "organisation" des communautés chrétiennes; et c'est ce schéma qui est à la fois véritablement catholique et seul respectueux du désir comme du vouloir de Jésus Christ. L'Eglise de notre Maître a été fondée par Lui-même sur la Foi que l'Apôtre Pierre confessa le premier, et non sur sa propre personne. C'est l'explication qu'en donnèrent mille ans d'histoire de l'Eglise ainsi que l'exégèse des pères de l'Eglise pendant les cinq premiers siècles; parmi eux Saint Cyrille d'Alexandrie, Saint Hilaire de Poitiers, Saint Jean Chrysostome et bien d'autres. Nous croyons donc que le Christ a institué son Eglise visible dont il est le CHEF UNIQUE. Prolongeant son oeuvre, l'Eglise continue dans le temps la présence du Verbe Incarné. Par elle, la vie divine est communiquée aux âmes. On a souvent présenté l'Eglise comme "le corps mystique de Jésus Christ". C'est une très heureuse expression. Jésus Christ a également fondé son Eglise en envoyant aux nations le collège des douze Apôtres qui avaient été choisis par Lui. Ces Apôtres étaient revêtus d'un triple pouvoir d'enseignement (prédication de l'Evangile), d'Ordre (administration des sacrements, direction des fidèles) et de sanctification. Conformément à l'enseignement constant de l'Eglise, nous croyons que les pouvoirs des Apôtres ont été transmis aux Evêques leurs successeurs dans la suite des temps. Les ministères sacerdotaux subviennent donc aux besoins des âmes pour édifier perpétuellement le Corps du Christ qui est l'Eglise.
 

LES PATRIARCATS APOSTOLIQUES

Les Apôtres ont donc répandu et prêché la Foi chrétienne. Ils ont groupé des fidèles et proposé des prêtres et des diacres aux églises qu'ils fondaient, en gardant la haute direction par devers eux. Cependant les Apôtres communiquèrent bientôt la plénitude de l'Ordre à des disciples particulièrement aptes. Ces derniers se fixèrent dans les régions évangélisées ou à évangéliser et rayonnèrent à partir de ce point impact. En résumé, les documents de la primitive Eglise prouvent que les Apôtres ont institué la dignité hiérarchique supérieure, connue plus tard sous le nom d'épiscopat, en élevant certains disciples à la plénitude de l'Ordre, et en leur communiquant, soit immédiatement, soit avant de mourir le pouvoir d'ordre, confirmant le pouvoir de juridiction, ou mission divine, dont ils étaient les dépositaires. Les évêques sont donc institués pour continuer la mission munis des pouvoirs dont Jésus Christ avait investi le collège apostolique en vertu de sa puissance divine. C'est dans ce sens qu'ils sont aussi appelés "successeurs des Apôtres". C'est ainsi que furent fondés les patriarcats apostoliques; le Concile de Chalcédoine établit leur nombre à cinq. Certes le choix de certaines villes comme sièges des dits patriarcats avait provoqué de vastes remous politiques, mais le concile de Chalcédoine vit la fin de ces disputes. En effet, pour des raisons évidentes de commodité, les sièges patriarcaux avaient été érigés au coeur des capitales du monde grec ou romain d'alors. La hiérarchie des cinq patriarcats qui fut définitivement fixée par le concile de Chalcédoine en 421, n'implique aucunement la domination d'un patriarcat sur un autre, et encore moins la domination de l'un d'eux sur tous les autres. La présence toute protocolaire donnée à la vieille Rome se basait sur le seul fait que cette ville était alors la capitale de l'empire. Des cinq Patriarcats, celui d'Antioche qui était le seul au début à porter ce nom était le plus vaste en territoire et en nombre d'habitants.

LE PATRIARCAT D'ANTIOCHE

La première fondation de Saint Pierre fut effectivement celle d'Antioche. En effet LE QUIEN l'écrit très clairement dans "Oriens Christianus" (t. IIème col. 1357-1408):" Saint Pierre (précise-t-il) établit son premier siège apostolique à Antioche, en l'an 38 et depuis lors, une succession ininterrompue d'Evêques a transmis les pouvoirs de l'Apôtre jusqu'à nos jours." Le Patriarcat d'Antioche a au cours de l'histoire subi comme toutes les fondations chrétiennes un certain nombre de vicissitudes. Malgré ces vicissitudes, qui d'un patriarcat puissant, l'amenèrent à devenir un centre ecclésial plus modeste, le siège d'Antioche obtint également toutes les joies surnaturelles, ainsi que toutes les fluctuations de la lente mais providentielle maturation de toutes les saintes églises locales qui composent l'unique Eglise de Jésus Christ. Après avoir été le Patriarcat le plus vaste en territoire et en nombre d'habitants, Antioche subit beaucoup de persécutions jusqu'à devenir beaucoup plus restreint quant au nombre de ses fidèles. Il n'en a pas moins essaimé dans plusieurs parties du monde, "rattrapant" pourrait-on dire, la perte de son territoire par sa grande influence missionnaire. Il a donné naissance au renouveau de l'Eglise primitive en Occident à l'époque où le vrai oecuménisme n'était ni connu, ni pratiqué.

MISSIONS OCCIDENTALES

CREEES PAR LE PATRIARCAT D'ANTIOCHE

Vers la fin du siècle dernier, le Patriarche d'Antioche de l'époque Sa Béatitude IGNACE PIERRE III (connu auparavant sous le nom de Mgr. BEDROS avec la charge d'Evêque d'EMESA) conçut un grand projet, très en avance sur les conceptions de son époque. Il s'agissait d'impulser un mouvement pour la réunion de la Chrétienté. S.B. Ignace-Pierre III travaillait déjà à ce projet, à l'époque où il n'était encore qu'Evêque d' EMESA, encouragé par le Patriarche auquel il succéda, S.B. IGNACE-JACQUES III (Mgr.MOHORAN).

Il consacra donc plusieurs Evêques dont deux portugais Mgr. Paul ATHANASIUS, et Mgr. Jules François Xavier ALVAREZ. Il nomma ce dernier Archevêque de Ceylan, à la tête d'une Eglise Catholique indépendante. Cette volonté chrétienne d'oeuvrer pour l'unité du monde catholique se rencontra avec l'idéal similaire du prêtre Joseph René VILATTE. Ce prêtre Vieux-catholique de l'Union d'Utrecht rassemblait une bonne communauté en Amérique du Nord. Il avait été ordonné prêtre par Mgr. Herzog, évêque Vieux-catholique de Berne. Sa communauté était protégée amicalement par la charité de l'archevêque orthodoxe gréco-russe WLADIMIR de San Francisco. Aussi lorsqu'il fut élu par ses fidèles à la charge de l'épiscopat, il fut dirigé vers le Patriarche d'Antioche, S.B. IGNACE PIERRE III. Ce dernier par une Bulle, datée du Monastère de MARDIN, le 29 décembre 1891, autorisait ses propres évêques (consacrés par lui-même) Julius ALVAREZ et ATHANASIUS, à consacrer le prêtre Joseph René VILATTE à l'ordre de l'épiscopat. Mgr. VILATTE, prit également le nom de MAR TIMOTHEUS Ier, pour se conformer aux traditions propres au Patriarcat antiochien.

Missionnaire et voyageur infatigable autant que dynamique, Mgr. VILATTE fonda les missions d'Amérique, d'Europe et d'Afrique. Dans l'organisation du culte chrétien et du service de Dieu, il a toujours voulu se "faire tout à tous" à l'exemple de Saint-Paul. Il n'imposa donc pas à ses missionnaires la divine Liturgie d'Antioche, mais il leur recommanda de se servir des Liturgies déjà existantes, si celles-ci présentent de parfaites garanties de dignité et de validité canoniques. Malgré ses privilèges d'autocéphalie, il ne cherchera jamais - alors qu'il en avait le droit - à ériger  les églises fondées en Patriarcat. Il est vénéré comme un grand missionnaire. Après avoir démissionné pour des raisons de santé, il mourut en France au monastère de Pont Colbert en 1929, entouré de l'estime et de l'affection de tous. Son oeuvre devait rencontrer en même temps que des difficultés propres à  toute entreprise divine, la bonne volonté des prêtres et des fidèles recherchant le même idéal exigeant que lui. Le tout donna lieu à une filiation épiscopale, comme à la fondation de communautés nombreuses, grâce à la succession épiscopale incontestablement valide de Mgr. VILATTE. MGR. FERRETTE ET GLASTONBURY.

De même Sa Béatitude IGNACE PIERRE III consacra le prêtre dominicain JULES FERRETTE. Cet évêque fut consacré au titre de l'Ile d'Iona et de ses dépendances; ancien prêtre romain, il avait été ordonné à Rome par le Cardinal PATRIZZI. Il installa sa résidence en Grande Bretagne où, grâce à son apostolat, naquit le Patriarcat des Iles Britanniques qui devait prendre plus tard le nom de Patriarcat de Glastonbury. Il faut noter pour l'histoire que dès le départ va s'opérer une spécialisation du travail pastoral des patriarches britanniques par la prédilection portée aux populations revendiquant une appartenance aux mouvements ethniques celtes. Six Patriarches se succèdent sur ce siège de Grande Bretagne. Le dernier en date - toujours régnant - étant Mgr. Hugues-Georges de WILLMOTT-NEWMAN dit aussi MAR GEORGIUS, dont le souci primordial fut d'assurer à tous les évêques qu'il consacra une filiation oecuménique, indubitablement valide. Dans ce but, après sa consécration dans sa propre lignée patriarcale, il demanda et obtint d'églises-soeurs orientales et occidentales plusieurs re-consécrations "sub conditione" dans les rites différents de chacune de ses Eglises.

Notons au passage, et cela est important, car cet acte devrait être médité par plus d'un hiérarque, que ces Eglises ont accordé à MAR GEORGIUS ces consécrations sans considérer que ce fait "incardinait" le Patriarche de Glastonbury à leurs Eglises particulières. Par voie de conséquence, MAR GEORGIUS, ne fut jamais "excommunié" pour avoir gardé son indépendance. Pourtant, il aurait pu se produire de la part de ces Eglises, la faiblesse humaine aidant, un geste d'aigreur comme en ont parfois certains hiérarques. D'autre part en 1971, sans doute par une grande admiration, comme par une dévotion personnelle envers l'oeuvre entreprise par le Patriarche ATHENAGORAS, MAR GEORGIUS décida de dissoudre le Patriarcat centenaire de Glastonbury, dans le but probable de faire avancer l'unité des Eglises. Cet acte a été ratifié par le Saint Synode de la Grande Bretagne, lequel précisait cependant que MAR GEORGIUS s'il était le dernier à porter le titre de Patriarche dans la lignée Ferrette, continuerait de le porter jusqu'à sa mort.

MONSEIGNEUR RENE VILATTE

Nous le savons déjà, Mgr. René VILATTE avait été ordonné aux Ordres Mineurs et Majeurs par Mgr. Herzog, Evêque Vieux-Catholique de Berne (Suisse). Il avait été ordonné successivement clerc, portier, lecteur, exorciste, acolyte, sous-diacre, diacre, et presbytre, les 5, 6 et 7 juin 1885. Ces ordinations avaient eu lieu selon le Rituel Vieux-Catholique, très proche du Pontifical Romain. La régularité de l'épiscopat Vieux-Catholique, et de Mgr. Herzog en particulier, n'a jamais été mise en doute. La succession apostolique de ce dernier remonte en effet à Bossuet, et de Bossuet à l'un des Douze! Sept ans plus tard, l'Abbé Vilatte fut consacré Evêque, sous le nom de Timotheus, le 25 mai 1892, en l'Eglise Cathédrale de Notre-Dame-de-la-Bonne-Mort, à Colombo (Ile de Ceyclan, ou Sri Lanka aujourd'hui). Le Patriarche Jacobite d'Antioche avait envoyé son autorisation, l'évêque consécrateur était Mgr. Antoine-François-Xavier ALVAREZ (Julius 1er), Archevêque Syrien de Ceyclan, assisté de Mgr.

ATHANASIUS et de Mgr. GREGORIUS

Bien que cette cérémonie s'éffectua au sein de l'Eglise Syrienne Jacobite, elle se déroula selon les formes du Rite Catholique Romain, à la demande de Mgr. Vilatte. La Charte de Consécration de Mgr. VILATTE, que nous donnons plus loin, fut signée, non seulement par les Evêques consécrateurs, mais encore par le Consul des Etats-Unis. Mgr. VILATTE étant citoyen américain alors, avait là-bas une importante paroisse. Voici donc la source apostolique de Mgr. Vilatte bien établie, car sa filiation remonte en effet, sans interruption, à Evode, premier évêque de la grande Eglise d'Antioche, qui posséda longtemps la primauté dans l'Eglise naissante, avant d'en être dépossédée par celle d'Alexandrie.

Evode avait été consacré par Saint Pierre lui-même.

Il existe trois patriarcats d' Antioche: Le Patriarcat latin, qui est Catholique Romain, sise à Jérusalem depuis le 23 juillet 1847;et, à Antioche, le Patriarcat Orthodoxe; et le Patriarcat Jacobite. Son Patriarche résidait autrefois au couvent de Sophar, il est maintenant à Antioche même. Mgr. René VILATTE figure dans le cartulaire de ce Patriarcat.

Il nous reste à donner le texte de la Charte de Consécration de Mgr. René VILATTE:

"Au nom de l'Eternel, existant en Soi, Dieu Tout-Puissant, Amen, + Antoine-François-Xavier JULIUS Ier, par la grâce de Dieu, Archevêque de CEYLAN, GOA et de l'Inde, à tous ceux qui liront les présentes, salut, paix et bénédiction en Jésus-Christ, notre Seigneur. Nous faisons savoir à tous par les présentes lettres que le 25 mai 1892, dans la cathédrale de N.D. de la Bonne Mort à HULDEDORF, COLOMBO, avec l'assistance de Mar PAUL ATHANASIUS, Evêque de KOTTAYAN, Mar GEORGES GREGORIUS, Evêque de NIRANAM, MALABAR (Inde) et en présence d'une grande multitude de chrétiens de notre juridiction et autres, en vertu des pouvoirs à nous conférés par la Succession apostolique et par la faveur de S.S. PIERRE III, Patriarcus du Siège Orthodoxe d'ANTIOCHE, après avoir invoqué par la prière le Saint-Esprit vivifiant, nous avons imposé les mains sur Joseph-René VILATTE, parisien de naissance, américain de naturalisation; nous l'avons consacré avec les saintes huiles pour la dignité archiépiscopale, suivant les formes du Rite Latin, sous le titre d'Archevêque de l'Ancienne Eglise d'Amérique, et nous lui avons confié le pouvoir d'ordonner des religieux et des prêtres, de consacrer les Eglises, les autels, les cimetières, etc..., etc ..., d'accomplir toutes les fonctions appartenant au rang métropolitain.

Donné en notre résidence archiépiscopale, Cathédrale de N.D. de la Bonne-Mort, COLOMBO (CEYLAN) aujourd'hui fête de la Pentecôte, ce 5 Juin 1892.

signé:

(sceau) Julius Ier, Archevêque de CEYCLAN, de Goa et des INDES.
(sceau) W.MOREY, Consul des Etats-Unis à CEYCLAN
(sceau) LISBOA PINTO F.E.A.D.M.S.

Rappelons-nous que Mgr. René VILATTE s'étant retiré, a été gratifié d'une pension d'archevêque par S.S. Pie IX.

ROME ET LA VALIDITE EPISCOPALE DE MGR. RENE VILATTE

Rome, conformément à ses règles et usages, n'a jamais discuté la validité de Mgr. Vilatte. Dans une lettre de Mgr. Ceretti, Nonce Apostolique, lettre publiée par le "Courrier de Bavière", de Munich, et datée du 6 juillet 1925, bien que publiée dans le numéro 11 du même mois par ce journal, il est dit ceci:

"Mgr. Vilatte a reçu les ordres mineurs et le sous-diaconat le 5 juin 1885, le diaconat le 6 juin de la même année, et la prêtrise le 7 juin 1885. Ces différents ordres lui furent con-férés par Mgr. Herzog, évêque "Vieux-Catholique" de Berne. Les documents qui en font foi portent la signature et le nom de Mgr. Herzog."

"Quant à sa consécration épiscopale, elle eut lieu le 25 mai 1892. Mgr. Vilatte fut consacré par trois évêques Jacobites dans la Cathédrale de l'archevêque Alvarez (Julius Ier), c'est-à-dire en l'église Notre Dame de la Bonne Mort, à Colombo, Ile de Ceylan. Mgr. Vilatte est en possession d'une bulle de consécration signée par ces trois évêques, et par le consul américain qui assistait à la cérémonie."

Signé:"Ceretti, Archevêque de Cérinthe, et Nonce Apostolique."

Voici donc une reconnaissance de la validité de Mgr. Vilatte qui tranche tout ...

Or, c'est ici qu'il est nécessaire de se souvenir de cette phrase du Pape Pie XI, à propos du livre de N. Cabasilas:"La Vie en Jésus-Christ":

"Chez les catholiques, fait parfois défaut la juste appréciation de leurs Frères séparés, parce qu'ils ne les connaissent pas. On ne sait pas tout ce qu'il y a de précieux, de bon, de chrétien, dans les fractions de la vérité catholique. Les blocs détachés de la roche aurifère, sont aurifères eux aussi ! ... "

Et bien avant le Pape Pie XI, l'Eglise s'était déjà prononcée:

"Le Saint-Office estime que les ordinations des Jansénistes et des Jacobites sont valables."

Qui dit cela ? Le Rév. Frère David Fleming, Consulteur du Saint-Office, Définiteur Général de l'Ordre des Frères Mineurs en 1889. Rév. Frère William, bénédictin, a d'autre part publié dans une brochure intitulée,"La genèse du culte Vieux-Catholique en Amérique."(Buffalo, 1898), une autre justification de la validité apostolique de cette filiation Jacobite.

"La validité des actes épiscopaux de Mgr. Mar Timotheus (alias Mgr. Vilatte), a été reconnue par Rome. Un prêtre ordonné par lui est entré dans l'Eglise Romaine, il est venu à Rome. Après examen de la Sacrée Congrégation des Rites, son ordination a été déclarée valide, et il a été admis à célébrer sur les autels du Pape."(Op.ct.) Enfin, le défunt cardinal Richard, Archevêque de Paris, en sa lettre du 17 Avril 1900, et l'évêque d'Evreux, dans la "Semaine Religieuse" d'Evreux, de la même époque, ont protesté contre les ordinations faites par le même Mgr. Vilatte à Paris, en 1900, et tout en les déclarant irrégulières, ont néanmoins reconnu que, "MALHEUREUSEMENT, ELLES NE SAURAIENT ETRE NULLES ..." (sic)

THE PATRIARCHAL SEE OF ANTIOCH-DAMASCUS

Antioch, Theoupolisor “The City of God”, was inaugurated by Seleucus I on 22nd May 300 B.C. He proclaimed it the capital of Greek Syria and named it Antioch in memory of his father Antiochus. Under the Seleucids, Antioch attained its greatest prosperity. The Roman Governor-General of Syria resided there, depending directly from the Emperor. Antioch was the third greatest city of the Roman Empire, coming after Rome and Alexandria, and was the capital of the «diocese» of the East. St Peter founded his see there in the year 36, and up to the early 5th century, the Patriarchate of Antioch had 153 bishops under its jurisdiction. With the taking of Antioch by the Crusaders in 1098, the Melkite Patriarch John IV had to leave. From then on, the patriarchs of Antioch resided in Constantinople until 1268, date of the capture of Antioch by the Mamluk Sultan Baybars I. Having been destroyed by Baybars in 1268, Antioch was replaced by the city of Damascus as patriarchal seat, probably under Patriarch Pachomius between 1375 and 1386.

SUCCESSION APOSTOLIQUE DU PATRIACAT D’ANTIOCHE

« Saint Pierre établit son premier siège apostolique à Antioche en l’an 38 et depuis lors, un succession ininterrompue d’Evèques a transmis les pouvoirs de l’Apôtre jusqu’à nos jours »

(cf. Le Quien : Oriens Christianus, l. II t. II, col. 1357-1408)

Cette Succession Apostolique est historiquement reconnue comme appartenant aux résidents du Siège D’Antioche. Les archives de Govigny les Lannions et de Plouaret conservent les bulles de consécration de Mgr Taddei reconnu par Rome.

Notre Seigneur JESUS le CHRIST        Anno Domini  

1 Paul the Apostle L’Apotre                       38 A.D.

2 Evodius 44

3 Ignacius 68

4 Earon 107

5 Cornelius 137

6 Eados 142

7 Theophilus 157

8 Maximin 171

9 Seraphim 179

10 Asclepiades 189

11 Philippe 201

12 Zebinus 219

13 Babylas 237

14 Fabius 250

15 Demetrius 251

16 Paul I 259

17 Dominus I 270

18 Timothee 281

19 Cirylus 291

20 Tyrantus 296

21 Vitalius 301

22 Philogonius 318

23 Eustachius 323

24 Paulin 338

25 Melece 352

26 Philabinus 383

27 Evagrius 386

28 Phosphorius 416

29 Alexandre 418

30 Jean I 428

31 Theodote 431

32 Dominus II 442

33 Maxime 450

34 Accace 454

35 Martyrius 457

36 Pierre II 464

37 Philade 500

38 Severius 509

39 Sergius 544

40 Dominus III 547

41 Anastase 560

42 Gregoire I 564

43 Paul II 567

44 Patra 571

45 Dominus IV 586

46 Julien I 591

47 Athanase I 595

48 Jean II 636

49 Theodore II 649

50 Serverus 668

51 Athanase II 684

52 Julien II 687

53 Elie I 709

54 Athanase III 724

55 Evanius I 740

56 Servas I 759

57 Joseph 790

58 Cyriaque 793

59 Denys I 818

60 Jean III 847

61 Ignace II 877

62 Theodose 887

63 Denys II 897

64 Jean IV 910

65 Basile I 922

66 Jean V 936

67 Evanius II 954

68 Denys III 958

69 Abraham I 962

70 Jean VI 965

71 Athanase IV 987

72 Jean VII 1004

73 Denys IV 1032

74 Theodore II 1042

75 Athanase V 1058

76 Jean VIII 1064

77 Basile II 1074

78 Abdon 1076

79 Denys V 1077

80 Evanius III 1080

81 Denys VI 1088

82 Athanase VI 1091

83 Jean IX 1131

84 Athanase VII 1139

85 Michel I 1166

86 Athanase VIII 1200

87 Michel II 1207

88 Jean X 1208

89 Ignace III 1223

90 Denys VII 1253

91 Jean XI 1253

92 Ignace IV 1264

93 Philanus 1283

94 Ignace Barhid 1293

95 Ignace Ismael 1333

96 Ignace Basile III 1366

97 Ignace Abraham II 1382

98 Ignace Basile IV 1412

99 Ignce Bahanam I 1415

100 Ignce Kalejib 1455

101 Ignace Jean 1483

102 Ignace Noe 1492

103 Ignace Jesus I 1509

104 Ignace Jacques I 1510

105 Ignace David I 1519

106 Ignace Abdullah I 1520

107 Ignace An Athalak 1557

108 Ignace David II 1576

109 Ignace Philatus 1591

110 Ignace Abdullah II 1597

111 Ignace Caddhai 1598

L'histoire de l’Eglise proclame Antioche Mère des Eglises issues de la gentilité et épicentre de la chrétienté asiatique. L'histoire considère également Saint Pierre, le Coryphée des Apôtres, comme le fondateur de son Siège Apostolique et son 1er Patriarche. Lui-même, nous le savons, ordonna Saint Evode et Saint Ignace, ce qui fut mentionné de bonne heure.

Après le martyre de Saint Pierre, Saint Evode et Saint Ignace lui succèdèrent respectivement. De même toute une lignée honorable de Patriarches lui succéda, la plupart qui étonnèrent le monde par leur sainteté, leurs admirables écrits et tant d'autres oeuvres de tous genres. La juridiction du Saint Siège d'Antioche s'étend jusqu'en extrême Orient. En d'autres termes, elle couvre toute l'Asie. Antioche dirigea à son apogée jusqu'à douze Métropolitats et 137 diocèses suffrageants.

Noms des Patriarches & nbsp; Dates

112 Ignace Simeon 1640

113 Ignace Jesus II 1653

114 Ignace Amesiah I 1663

115 Ignace Cabeed 1686

116 Ignace Gervais II 1687

117 Ignace Isaac 1708

118 Ignace Siccarablak 1722

119 Ignace Gervais III 1746

120 Ignace Gervais IV 1768

121 Ignace Mathias 1781 A. D.

122 Ignace Bahanam II 1810 A. D.

123 Ignace Jonas 1817 A. D.

124 Ignace Gervais V 1818 A. D.

125 Ignace Elie II 1839 A. D.

126 Ignace Jacques II 1847 A. D.

127 Ignace Pierre IV “Monsignor Bedros” 1872 A. D.

128 Mar Paul I “Athanasius “ 1877 A. D.

129 Mar Julius I “Alvarez J.” 1889 A. D.

130 Mar Timothee I “Joseph Rene Vilatte” 1892 A. D.

131 Mar Paul II “ Gulotti Miraglia” 1900 A. D.

132 Mar Julius II “ Houssay” 1904 A. D.

133 Mar Francis “L. M. Giraud” 1911 A. D.

134 PIERRE GASTON Vigue “Episcope Syro–Jacobite” 1921 A. D.

135 Mar Timothee II “A. Stumpfl” 1924 A. D.

136 Mar Justinius “ Joseph-Marie Thiesen 1949 A. D.

137 Mar Johannes Maria “Joseph-Marie Van Assendelft” 1953 A. D.

138 Mar Giovanni “ Taddei” 1957 A. D.

139 Giffredo Angelo Ballostro “Episcope Orthodoxe “ 1961 A. D.

140 Boris Timochenko 1973 A. D.

Episcope Orthodoxe, elu 2 eme Patriarche Syro-Antochien en

Europe le 25 Juillet 1972. Lors de la demission de S. B.

Johannes Maria I “Van Assendelft”.

141 Stephanos I “Roger Caro” 1978 A. D.

Consacre Eveque Orthodoxe le 17 Mars en la Chapelle De Sept Saints a Run Meno “22 Plouaret“ par S. B. Boris Timochenko, Patriarche Syro-Antiochien en Europe

Assiste de Monsignor Erri Hillio et de Monsignor Jacques Joyeux, Choreveque de L’Eglise des Compagnons Celtiques.

142 Georges Bellemare 1978 A. D.

Consacre Eveque Orthodoxe en la Chapelle Notre Dame Des Miracles a St. - Cyr Sur Mer en France, par S. B. Roger Caro, et assiste de Monsignor Julio Rondini Archimandrite le 25 Juin.

143 Johannes Lux Ministri “Jean- Marie Pomerleu" 1987 A. D.

Consacre en L’Eglise the Advent a Montreal le 12 Avril.

144 Tau Mikael “Monsignor Ronald Cappello“ 1992 A. D.

Consacre en la Chapelle Jean-Marie Pomerleu En Dunhan, Canada de 18 de Avril.

145 Tau Joannes 1995 A. D.

Monsignor Tau Mikael (Ronald Cappelo), qui le 26 Septembre 1995 en la Chapelle de Yonkers, New York consacra...

Monsignor Tau Joannes, Eveque de Philadelphia, (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro)

Monsignor Tau Joannes (Rui Alexandre Gabirro), Il fut Ordonne Pretre par Monsignor Charles Maurice Nurse “Tau Philippe” Bishop of Smyrna Principal of Saint-Michael In Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica Apostolica, Bridge Town, Barbados, B.W.I. .

Monsignor Rui Alexandre Gabirro, Il recevait la consecration Episcopale des mais de Monsignor Ronald Cappello “Tau Mikael”, agit comme co-consecrateur Bishop Tau Metatron.

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

COMPLEMENTARY INFORMATION

Mgr. BEDROS alors qu'il était Evêque d'EMESA, et qui deviendra Ignace - Pierre III en 1872, conçut l'idée d'un mouvement oecuménique, et consacra les évêques suivants.

(A partir de ce patriarche la succession est donnée par les consécrations épiscopales qui suivent, et les dates données sont celles des sacres.)

IGNACE PIERRE III Patriarche d'Antioche IGNACE PIERRE III Patriarche d'Antioche consacre en 1877:

MAR PAUL ATHANASIUS, consacra avec l'approbation d'IGNACE PIERRE Evêque de Kottayam, légat du Patriarche, en II le 2 juin 1866:

conformité avec la bulle du dit Patriarche Ignace Pierre III, consacra le 29 janvier 1889, assisté de MAR JULIUS FERRETTE Evêque d'IONA

Mgr. Paul EVANUS et Mgr.G. GREGORIUS, (Dominicain ordonné prêtre par le Cardinal Evêque Malabar d'Antioche: PATRIZI en l'Eglise de St. Jean de Latran). Il reçut du Patriarche d'Antioche:

Ignace -Jacques MAR JULIUS FRANCOIS XAVIER ALVAREZ, II, mission de restaurer en Europe l'Ancienne Archevêque de Ceylan. L'Archevêque Alvarez Eglise Britannique sous un Patriarcat indépen- conformément à la bulle Patriarcale d'Ignace dant d'Antioche. Mgr. Ferrette le 6 mars 1874 PIERRE III du 29 décembre 1891, assisté de à Marholm dans le Northamtonshire consacre:

MAR PAUL ATHANASE, Evêque de Kottayam et MAR GREGOIRE Evêque de Niranam, con- MAR PELAGIUS, Richard William MORGAN sacre le 29 mai 1892, en l'Eglise de Colombo 1 er. Patriarche qui, assisté de Mgr. Lee et Mgr. (Ceylan) comme Archevêque Métropolitain Seccombe consacre le 6 mars 1879:

des Catholiques d'Amérique (Mr. MORALY Consul des Etats-Unis à Ceylan faisant of- MAR THEOPHILE, Charles, Isaac, STEVENS, fice de notaire): II ème. Patriarche Britannique qui, le 8 mai 1890, consacre "sub conditione":

JOSEPH RENE VILATTE, Archevêque de l'Eglise Vieille Catholique Américaine du Nord, MAR LEON CHECHEMIAN (Evêque Arménien étend son apostolat en Europe et restaure l'Eglise Uniate consacré par Mgr. CHORUNIAN le Gallicane. Le 6 mai 1900, il consacre, en 28 avril 1878) qui, le 2 novembre 1890, consacre:

l'église de Plaisance (Italie):

MAR JACQUES 1 er., IIIème. Patriarche et PAUL MIRAGLIA GULOTTI, Evêque de MAR ANDRE, Charles, Albert, MACLAGLEN l'Eglise Catholique Italienne qui le 4 décembre le 2 novembre 1897, Archevêque de Clarmont, 1904, consacre: IVème Patriarche, qui, le 4 juin 1922, consacre:

JULES HOUSSAYE, Archevêque de l'Eglise MAR JACQUES II. Herbert-Jacques -Monzani Catholique Française (Gallicane), qui à HEARD, Archevêque de Selsey. Vème Patriarche, Genève, le 21 juin 1911, consacre: qui le 13 juin 1943 consacre:

LOUIS, FRANCOIS GIRAUD, Patriarche de MAR BERNARD Guillaume-Bernard CROW l'Eglise Catholique Gallicane qui, le 21 juil- VI ème Patriarche qui le 10 Avril 1944 consacre: le 1913, consacre :

MAR GEORGIUS, HUGUES, GEORGES de JEAN BRICAUD, qui consacre le 5 mai 1918: WILLMOTT-NEWMAN, Primat Apostolique d'Angleterre, Patriarche de Glastonbury. Il con-VICTOR BLANCHARD (TARGELIUS), lequel sacre à son tour le 27 mai 1950:

Consacre le 7 janvier 1945:

ROBERT MENARD (EON II), lequel consacre HAROLD-PERCIVAL NICHOLSON (MAR le 10 juin 1946: JOHANNES), qui le 14 avril 1952, consacre:

ROBERT AMBELAIN (ROBERT-JEAN III), PHILIP CHARLES STUART SINGER lequel consacre le 31 mai 1959: (MAR PHILIPPUS) qui devint Primat de l'Eglise Nouvelle Catholique Libre, et il consacra:

ROGER DESCHAMPS (JEAN RUDIGER), le 14 novembre 1954 comme Evêque du lequel consacre le 1er Juin 1963: Yorkshire:

ARMAND TOUSSAINT (RAYMOND CHARLES E. BREARLEY (IGNATIUS PANAGION), qui confère les Ordres Mineurs, CAROLUS), et préside la Sainte Eglise Vieille ordonne et consacre le samedi 10 juin 1972: Catholique de la Grande Bretagne et outre-mer, lequel consacre le 14 mai 1968:

141 ROGER CARO (PIERRE PHOEBUS, plus tard STEPHANOS I), 1978 A. D.

142 Georges Bellemare 1978 A. D.

Consacre Eveque Orthodoxe en la Chapelle Notre Dame Des Miracles a St. - Cyr Sur Mer en France, par S. B. Roger Caro, et assiste de Monsignor Julio Rondini Archimandrite le 25 Juin.

143 Johannes Lux Ministri, “Jean- Marie Pomerleu" 1987 A. D.

Consacre en L’Eglise the Advent a Montreal le 12 Avril.

144 Tau Mikael, “Monsignor Ronald Cappello“ 1992 A. D.

Consacre en la Chapelle Jean-Marie Pomerleu En Dunhan, Canada de 18 de Avril.

145 Tau Joannes, “Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro" 1995 A. D.

Monsignor Tau Mikael (Ronald Cappelo), qui le 26 Septembre 1995 dans la Chapelle a Yonkers, New York, USA consacra...

Monsignor Tau Joannes, Eveque de Philadelphia, (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro)

Monsignor Tau Joannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro), Il fut Ordonne Pretre par Monsignor Charles Maurice Nurse “Tau Philippe” Bishop of Smyrna Principal of Saint-Michael In Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica Apostolica, Bridge Town, Barbados, B.W.I..

Monsignor Rui Alexandre Gabirro, Il recevait la consecration Episcopale des mais de Monsignor Ronald Cappello “Tau Mikael”, agit comme co-consecrateur Bishop Tau Metatron.

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

Succession Syro- Jacobite D’Antioche

La Catholicite Historique

On entend habituellement par « catholicite historique '>, les Eglises qui, au tours des siecles, conserverent, malgre les schismes et les separations, la "succession apostolique . (voir encadre) suivant des approches et des theologies differentes qu'il n'est pas de mon propos de traiter ici. Historiquement, ces Eglises sont:
— l'Eglise catholique romaine, dont le siege est a Rome et qui represente la portion latine et occidentale de l'Eglise indivise;
— les Eglises orthodoxes orientales grou-pees historiquement autour des grands patriarcats : Constantinople, Alexandrie, Antioche et Jerusalem.

A ces derniers est venu se joindre le patriarcat de Moscou. D'autres Eglises autocephales (voir glossaire) sont aussi membres de l'orthodoxie. Les premiers schismes qui amenerent cer-taines Eglises locales a se constituer en Eglises episcopates independantes remontent au concile de Chalcedoine.

Ces Eglises porterent longtemps, et en raison de leurs particularismes dogmatiques, les noms de :
— Eglise nestorienne ;
— Eglise syriaque jacobite (patriarcat syro-jacobite d'Antioche);
— Eglise gregorienne armenienne;
— Eglise copte. Ces trois dernieres etant monophysites.

Rappelons ici que toutes ces Eglises se sont implantees en Occident, en Europe occiden-tale, aux Etats-Unis et au Canada en particu-lier. Les chretiens issus de ces vieilles Eglises — appelees desormais « Eglises prechalcedo-niennes » — forment des communautes actives. Certains des groupes dont nous allons esquisser ci-apres l'histoire font reference a ces Eglises ainsi qu'au patriarcat syro-jaco-bite d'Antioche.

Ce sont les « descendants » de la succession apostolique issue de Jacques Baradai qui transmettront la succession apos-tolique a Rene Vilatte par l'intermediaire de Mar Julius Alvares et le metropolite du Malabar (Inde).

Apres la rupture de 1054 entre les Eglises d'Orient et d'Occident, les Eglises orientales orthodoxes ne connurent plus de schismes spectaculaires, dans la mesure oit l'ecclesio-logie orthodoxe permet aux Eglises locales d'acceder a une large autonomie (ce qui se nomme l'autocephalie). Il faut cependant noter, en Russie au xvite siècle, he schisme des « vieux-croyants » (Raskolnik) et plus recemment, en Grece, celui des « vieux-calendaristes » (1925-1930). Par contre, le patriarcat d'Occident, dont le siège est à Rome, marqué par le juridisme romain, se développa de façon beaucoup plus centralisatrice. C'est ainsi qu'on ne parle pas des Eglises catholiques mais de l'Eglise catho-lique, le rôle des Eglises locales étant toujours subordonné à celui de l'Eglise de Rome et leur autonomie de plus en plus réduite. La Réforme du xvie siècle provoqua un schisme en diverses contrées d'Europe, par-tageant celle-ci en régions protestantes et en régions catholiques. L'Angleterre suivit pour sa part une voie originale en conservant la hiérarchie catholi-que et en composant une via media dans l'espoir d'unir catholiques et protestants. Plus tard, l'expansion missionnaire de cette Eglise l'amena à constituer la « Communion anglicane ».

Au cours des siècles suivants, l'Eglise latine fut déchirée par de nombreux schismes locaux ou régionaux que Rome essaya en vain de réduire, mais qui montrent bien les incon-vénients d'un système trop centralisateur. Le xvine siècle vit se constituer le « schisme d'Utrecht », puis la France révolu-tionnaire fut divisée au moment de la mise en place de l'« Eglise constitutionnelle ». Lors du premier concile du Vatican, en 1870, les opposants au dogme de l'infaillibilité ponti-ficale et de l'épiscopat universel du pape constituèrent des Eglises de « vieux-catholi-ques » qui s'unirent entre elles et avec l'Eglise d'Utrecht en 1889. (Les églises parallèles Bernard Vignot, 1991)

Paul the Apostle 38 A.D.
Eyodius 44
Ignatius (Martyr) 68
Earon 107
Cornelius 137
Eados 142
Theophilus 157
Maximus 171
Seraphim 179
Asclepiades (Martyr) 189
Philip 210
Zebinus 219
Babylos (Martyr) 237
F'abius 250
Demeirius 251
Paul I 259
Domnus I 270
Timotheus 281
Cyrilus 291
Tyrantus 296
Vitalius 301
Philogonius 318
Eustachius 323
Paulinus 338
Philabianus 383
Evagrius 386
Phosporius 416
Alexander 418
John I 428
Theodotus 431
Domnus II 442
Maximus 450
Accacius 454
Martyrius 457
Peter II 464
Phiadius 500
Serverius the Great 509
Sergius 544
Domnus III 547
Anastasius 560
Gregory I 564
Paul II 567
Patra 571
Domnus IV 586
Julianus 591
Athanasius I 595
John II 636
Theodorus I 649
Severus 668
Athanasius II 684
Julianus II 687
Elias I 709
Athanasius III 724
Evanius I 740
Gervasius I 759
Joseph 790
Cyriacus 793
Dionsius I 818
John III 847
Ignatius II 877
Theodosius 887
Dinousius II 897
John IV 910
Evanius 922
John V 936
Evanius II 954
Dionysius 958
Abraham I 962
John VI 965
Athanasius IV 987
John VII 1004
Theodorus II 1042
Athanasius V 1058
John VII 1064
Basilius II 1074
Abdoone 1076
Dionysius V 1077
Evanius III 1080
Dionysius VI 1088
Athanasias VI 1091
John IX 1131
Athanasius VI 1139
Michael I (the Great) 1167
Athanasius VIII 1200

Michael II 1207
JohnX 1208
Ignatius III 1223
Dionysius VII 1253
John XI 1253
Ishmael 1333
Ignatius Basilius III 1366
Ignatius Abraham II 1382
Ignatius Basilius IV 1412
Ignatius Bahanam I 1415
Ignatius Kalejib 1455
Ignatius John XII 1483
Ignatius Noah 1492
Ignatius Jesus I 1509
Ignatius Jacob I 1510
Ignatius David I 1519
Ignatius Abdullah 1520
Ignatius Naamathalak 1557
Ignatius David II 1576
Ignatius Philathus 1591
Ignatius Abdullah II 1597
Ignatius Cadhal 1598
Ignatius Simeon 1640
Ignatius Jesus II 1653
Ignatius A. Massiah I 1661
Ignatius Cabeed 1686
Ignatius Gervasius III 1687
Ignatius Gervasius IV 1708
Ignatius Siccarablak 1722
Ignatius Qervasius III 1746
Ignatius Gervasius IV 1768
Ignatius Mathias 1781
Ignatius Bahanam II 1810
Ignatius Jonas 1817
Ignatius Gervasius V 1818
Ignatius Elias II 1839
Ignatius Jacob II 1847
Ignatius Peter IV 1872 (Mgr Bedros)

Mgr Guilio Ferette 5 juin 1866

Mgr Pelagio Riccardo G. Morgan I 6 mars 1874

Mgr Carlo Issac Steven II (S.B. Theophilus) 1879

Mgr Leone Chechemain 8 mai 1890

Mgr Andrea C. A. MacLagen 2 novembre 1897

Mgr Monzani Heard (Giacomo II) 4 juin 1922

Mgr W. B. Crow (S.B. Bernado) 13 Juin 1943

Mgr Hugh George de Willmott-Newman 10 avril 1944

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson 27 mai 1950

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 avril 1952

Mgr Charles E. Brearley 14 novembre 1954

Mgr Andre Barbeau 14 mai 1968

Mgr Victor Solis II 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 avril 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 Avril 1992

Mgr Tau Johannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

Succession Syro-Jacobite D’Antioche

« Saint Pierre établit son premier siège apostolique à Antioche en l’an 38 et depuis lors, un succession ininterrompue d’Evèques a transmis les pouvoirs de l’Apôtre jusqu’à nos jours » (cf. Le Quien: Oriens Christianus, l. II t. II, col. 1357-1408).

Cette Succession Apostolic prend ses origins dans le Patriarcat d’Antioche et est la meme jusqu’a Ignace Pierre III 1872
 

Paul the Apostle 38 A.D.
Eyodius 44
Ignatius (Martyr) 68
Earon 107
Cornelius 137
Eados 142
Theophilus 157
Maximus 171
Seraphim 179
Asclepiades (Martyr) 189
Philip 210
Zebinus 219
Babylos (Martyr) 237
F'abius 250
Demeirius 251
Paul I 259
Domnus I 270
Timotheus 281
Cyrilus 291
Tyrantus 296
Vitalius 301
Philogonius 318
Eustachius 323
Paulinus 338
Philabianus 383
Evagrius 386
Phosporius 416
Alexander 418
John I 428
Theodotus 431
Domnus II 442
Maximus 450
Accacius 454
Martyrius 457
Peter II 464
Phiadius 500
Serverius the Great 509
Sergius 544
Domnus III 547
Anastasius 560
Gregory I 564
Paul II 567
Patra 571
Domnus IV 586
Julianus 591
Athanasius I 595
John II 636
Theodorus I 649
Severus 668
Athanasius II 684
Julianus II 687
Elias I 709
Athanasius III 724
Evanius I 740
Gervasius I 759
Joseph 790
Cyriacus 793
Dionsius I 818
John III 847
Ignatius II 877
Theodosius 887
Dinousius II 897
John IV 910
Evanius 922
John V 936
Evanius II 954
Dionysius 958
Abraham I 962
John VI 965
Athanasius IV 987
John VII 1004
Theodorus II 1042
Athanasius V 1058
John VII 1064
Basilius II 1074
Abdoone 1076
Dionysius V 1077
Evanius III 1080
Dionysius VI 1088

 

Athanasias VI 1091
John IX 1131
Athanasius VI 1139
Michael I (the Great) 1167
Athanasius VIII 1200
Michael II 1207
JohnX 1208
Ignatius III 1223
Dionysius VII 1253
John XI 1253
Ishmael 1333
Ignatius Basilius III 1366
Ignatius Abraham II 1382
Ignatius Basilius IV 1412
Ignatius Bahanam I 1415
Ignatius Kalejib 1455
Ignatius John XII 1483
Ignatius Noah 1492
Ignatius Jesus I 1509
Ignatius Jacob I 1510
Ignatius David I 1519
Ignatius Abdullah 1520
Ignatius Naamathalak 1557
Ignatius David II 1576
Ignatius Philathus 1591
Ignatius Abdullah II 1597
Ignatius Cadhal 1598
Ignatius Simeon 1640
Ignatius Jesus II 1653
Ignatius A. Massiah I 1661
Ignatius Cabeed 1686
Ignatius Gervasius III 1687
Ignatius Gervasius IV 1708
Ignatius Siccarablak 1722
Ignatius Qervasius III 1746
Ignatius Gervasius IV 1768
Ignatius Mathias 1781
Ignatius Bahanam II 1810
Ignatius Jonas 1817
Ignatius Gervasius V 1818
Ignatius Elias II 1839
Ignatius Jacob II 1847
Ignatius Peter IV (Mgr Bedros) 1872

Mgr Paul Athanase 1877Julius I Alvarez 1889

Mgr Joseph Rene Vilatte 25 May 1892

Mar Paul II Gulotti Miraglia 6 May 1900

Mgr Jules Houssay (Abbe Julio) 4 December 1904

Mgr Louis-Marie Francois Giraud 21 June 1911

Mgr Jean Bricard (Jean II) 21 July 1913

Mgr Victor Blanchard (Targelius) 3 May 1918

Mgr Roger Menard (Eon II) 7 January 1945

Mgr Robert Ambelain (Jean III) 10 June 1946

Mgr Robert Deschamps (Jean Rudiger) 31 May 1959

Mgr Armand Toussaint (Raymond Panagion) 1 June 1963

Mgr Roger Caro (Pierre Phoebus) 10 June 1972

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 November 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 April 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 April 1992

Mgr Tau Joannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

The Antiochian Succession

1

St. Paul the Apostle

37-67

2

St. Evodius

67-68

3

St. Ignatios I Nurono (the Illuminator)

68-107

4

St. Heron

107-127

5

St. Korneilos

127-154

6

St. Heros

154-169

7

St. Theophilos

169-182

8

St. Maximos I

182-191

9

St. Seraphion

191-211

10

St. Ascelpiadis the Confessor

211-220

11

Philitus

220-231

12

Zbina

231-237

13

St. Babulas the Martyr

237-251

14

Fabius

254-551

15

S. Demetrianos

254-260

16

Paul I of Samosate

260-268

17

Domnus I

268-273

18

Timos

273-282

19

Cyrille I

283-303

20

Tyrannos

304-314

21

Vitalis

314-320

22

St. Philogone

320-323

23

Paulinos of Tyre

323-324

24

Ostatheous

324-337


The Arians took control of the See of Antioch and appointed the following Patriarchs:



Eulalius

331-333


Euphornius

333-334


Philaclus

334-342


Stephanos

342-344


Leonce

344-357


Eudoxyos

358-359


Euzoios

360

25

Malatius

360-381

26

St. Flavin I

381-404

27

Porphyros

404-412

28

Alexander

412-417

29

Theodotos

417-428

30

John I

428-442

31

Domnus II

442-499

32

Maximos II

449-455


Maximos abdicated and the Chalcedonians seized control over the See of Antioch and appointed the following Patriarchs:



Basil

456-458


Aqaq

458-459

33

Martoros

459-468

34

Peter II the Fuller (Qassar)

468-488

35

Bladius

488-498

36

Flavin II

498-512

37

St. Severius the Great

512-538


The Chalcedonians took control of the See of Antioch in 518 and sent Mor Severius to exile and appointed the following Patriarchs whose line continues in the Byzantine (Rum/Antiochene Orthodox) Patriarchate:



Paul the Jew

518-521


Euphrosius

521-528


Ephrem of Amid

528-546


Six years after the death of Mor Severius, Sargius of Tella became the Syriac Orthodox Patriarch.


38

Sargius of Tella

544-546


During this turbulent time, the Holy See remained vacant for 4 years.


39

Paul II the Black of Alexandria

550-575


He was deposed in 575 for joining the Chalcedonians. The Holy See remained vacant for the next few years.


40

Peter III of Raqqa

581-591

41

Julian I

595-591

42

Athanasius I Gammolo

595-631

43

John II of the Sedre

631-648

44

Theodore

649-667

45

Severius II bar Masqeh

667-681

46

Athanasius II

683-686

47

Julian II

686-708

48

Elias I

709-723

49

Athanasius III

724-740

50

Iwanis I

740-754


After the death of Iwanis, two Patriarchs were appointed at the behest of the Caliph:



Euwanis I

754-?


Athanasius al-Sandali

?-758

51

George I

758-790

52

Joseph

790-792

53

Quryaqos of Takrit

793-817

54

Dionysius I of Tellmahreh

817-845

55

John III

846-873

56

Ignatius II

878-883

57

Theodosius Romanos of Takrit

887-896

58

Dionysius II

897-909

59

John IV Qurzahli

910-922

60

Baselius I

923-935

61

John V

936-953

62

Iwanis II

954-957

63

Dionysius III

958-961

64

Abraham I

962-963

65

John VI Sarigta

965-985

66

Athanasius IV of Salah

986-1002

67

John VII bar `Abdun

1004-1033

68

Dionysius IV Yahya

1034-1044


Due to internal conflicts within the Church, the Holy See was vacant for the next few years.


69

John VIII

1049-1057

70

Athanasius V

1058 -1063

71

John IX bar Shushan

1063-1073

72

Baselius II

1074-1075


After the death of Baselius, John Abdun got himself appointed Patriarch and caused trouble in the Church. He was deposed but continued causing trouble until 1091.


73

Dionysius V Lazaros

1077-1078

74

Iwanis III

1080-1082

75

Dionysius VI

1088-11090

76

Athanasius VI bar Khamoro

1091-1129

77

John X bar Mawdyono

1129-1137

78

Athanasius VII bar Qutreh

1138-1166

79

Michael I the Great

1166-1199

80

Athanasius VIII

1200-1207

81

John XI

1208-1220

82

Ignatius III David

1222-1252

83

John XII bar Ma`dani

1252-1263

84

Ignatius IV Yeshu

1264-1282

85

Philoxenos I Nemrud

1283-1292

86

Michael II

1292-1312

87

Michael III Yeshu

1312-1349

88

Baselius III Gabriel

1349-1387

89

Philoxenos II the Writer

1387-1421

90

Baselius IV Shem`un

1421-1444

91

Ignatius Behnam al-Hadli

1445-1454

92

Ignatius Khalaf

1455-1483

93

Ignatius John XIII

1483-1493

94

Ignatius Nuh of Lebanon

1493-1509

95

Ignatius Yeshu I

1509-1512

96

Ignatius Jacob I

1512-1517

97

Ignatius David I

1517-1520

98

Ignatius Abd-Allah I

1520-1557

99

Ignatius Ne`met Allah I

1557-1576

100

Ignatius David II Shah

1576-1591

101

Ignatius Pilate I

1591-1597

102

Ignatius Hadayat Allah

1597-1639

103

Ignatius Simon I

1640-1659

104

Ignatius Yeshu II Qamsheh

1659-1662

105

Ignatius Abdul Masih I

1662-1686

106

Ignatius George II

1687-1708

107

Ignatius Isaac Azar

1709-1722

108

Ignatius Shukr Allah II

1722-1745

109

Ignatius George III

1745-1768

110

Ignatius George IV

1768-1781

111

Ignatius Matthew

1782-1817

112

Ignatius Yunan

1817-1818

113

Ignatius George V

1819-1837

114

Ignatius Elias II

1838-1847

115

Ignatius Jacob II

1847-1871

116

Ignatius Peter IV

1872-1894


(117) Paulose Mar Athanasius (Kadavil Kooran) was consecrated on December 4, 1907 by Mar Ignatius Peter IV as Syrian Antioch Bishop of Kottayam and Metropolitan of Malabar (India).

(118) Mar Julius I (Antonio Francis Xavier Alvares) was consecrated July 28, 1889, by Paulose Mar Athanasius, under authority of Patriarch Ignatius Peter IV to be Archbishop of the Latin Rite Independent Catholic Church of Ceylon, Goa and India.

(119) Joseph Rene Vilatte was consecrated on May 29, 1892 in Columba, Ceylon at Our Lady of Good Death Cathedral by Mar Julius I, under authority of a Bull of Mar Ignatius Peter IV, to serve as Archbishop of North America.

(120) Mar Paul II Gulotti Miraglia 6 May 1900

(121) Mgr Jules Houssay (Abbe Julio) 4 December 1904

(122) Mgr Louis-Marie Francois Giraud 21 June 1911

(123) Mgr Jean Bricard (Jean II) 21 July 1913

(124) Mgr Victor Blanchard (Targelius) 3 May 1918

(125) Mgr Roger Menard (Eon II) 7 January 1945

(126) Mgr Robert Ambelain (Jean III) 10 June 1946

(127) Mgr Robert Deschamps (Jean Rudiger) 31 May 1959

(128) Mgr Armand Toussaint (Raymond Panagion) 1 June 1963

(129) Mgr Roger Caro (Pierre Phoebus) 10 June 1972

(130) Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 November 1973

(131) Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 April 1987

(132) Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 April 1992

(133) Mgr Tau Joannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

SYRIAN – ANTIOCHENE

 

Assyrian / Syriac Orthodox Cross

THE GOSPEL was first preached in Antioch in Syria by Jewish converts returning there from Jerusalem after the Day of Pentecost and afterwards by refugees who fled Jerusalem during the persecution at the time of the martyrdom of St. Stephen.

Some years later, St. Barnabas fetched St. Paul from Tarsus and they went to Antioch, being called to the Apostleship: "And the disciples were called Christians first at Antioch" (Acts 11:26) then taking it to Rome and consecrated as his successor in Antioch, St. Evedius who was in turn succeeded by St. Ignatius, called "Theophoros." The 125th Patriarch of Antioch, counting from St. Peter, was Ignatius Jacobus II (1847-1872), upon whose instructions:

Mar Ignatius Peter in, Syrian-Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch, then Metropolitan of Emesa (Horns) on June 2, 1866, consecrated:

Raimond Ferrette, Mar Julius, Bishop of lona, who, on March 6, 1874, consecrated: 

Richard Williams Morgan, Mar Pelagius I, First British Patriarch of the Patriarchate of Antioch, who on March 6, 1879, consecrated:

Charles Isaac Stevens, Mar Theophilus I, Second British Patriarch, who on May 4, 1890, consecrated:

Leon Chechemian, Mar Leon, Archbishop of Selsey, who on November 2, 1897, consecrated:

Andrew Charles Albert McLaglan, Mar Andries, Fourth British Patriarch, who on June 4, 1922, consecrated:

Herbert James Monzani Heard, Mar Jacobus II, Fifth British Patriarch, who on June 13, 1943 consecrated:

William Bernard Crow, Mar Basilius Abdullah III, Patriarch of Antioch of the Ancient Orthodox Catholic Church, who on April 10, 1944, consecrated:

Hugh George de Willmott Newman, Mar Georgius I, Patriarch of Glastonbury, Catholicos of the West, Sixth British Patriarch, who consecrated:

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson 27 mai 1950

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 avril 1952

Mgr Charles E. Brearley 14 novembre 1954

Mgr Andre Barbeau 14 May 1968

Mgr Victor Solis II 31 July 1973

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) 6 novembre 1973 Transmit sa Succession a

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 avril 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 Avril 1992

Mgr Tau Johannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

 

SYRIAN-MALABAR

The Apostle St. Thomas and the indigenous Indian first preached Christianity in India Church was called "The Christians of St. Thomas." Being without a bishop, the St. Thomas Christians seceded in some numbers in 1665 and placed themselves under the jurisdiction of the Syrian Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch. The origin of which is given in Table I, from which See they received a hierarchy and were thereafter called the Syrian-Orthodox Church of Malabar, being under the jurisdiction of those Patriarchs of Antioch:

Moran Mar Ignatius Yacob II, Syrian Patriarch of Antioch, who on February 12, 1865, consecrated:

Joseph Pulikottil, Mar Dionysios V, Metropolitan of the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, who on July 29, 1889, consecrated:

Antonio Francisco Xavenda Alvarez, Mar Julius, Archbishop of the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church in Ceylon, Goa and India, who on May 29, 1892, consecrated:

Joseph Rene Vilatte, Mar Timotheos, Archbishop-Exarch of North America, who on December 29, 1915, consecrated:

Frederick Ebenezer John Lloyd, Bishop of Illinois, afterward Primate of the American Catholic Church, who on September 8, 1929, consecrated:

John Churchill Sibley, Missionary Archbishop for England, who on October 6, 1935, consecrated:

John Sebastian Marlow Ward, Archbishop of Olivet, who in August 25, 1945, consecrated:

Hugh George de Willmott Newman, Mar Georgius I, Patriarch of Glastonbury, Catholicos of the West, Sixth British Patriarch, who consecrated:

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson 27 mai 1950

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 avril 1952

Mgr Charles E. Brearley 14 novembre 1954

Mgr Andre Barbeau 14 May 1968

Mgr Victor Solis II 31 July 1973

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) 6 novembre 1973 Transmit sa Succession a

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 avril 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 Avril 1992

Mgr Tau Johannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

 

SYRIAN-GALLICAN

In the dispute between France's Third Republic and the Roman Catholic Church, Archbishop Villatte arrived at an understanding - with the French politicians in an attempt to rally the Gallican school of Roman Catholic thought and institute the Catholic Apostolic Gallican Church in opposition to Rome. Though that church did not thrive in France, it did survive.

Joseph Rene Vilatte, Mar Timotheos, on May 6, 1900, consecrated:

Paulo Miraglia Gullotti, Bishop of Piacenza, who on December 4, 1904, consecrated:

Ernest Louis Rene Houssay, Mar Julius, Metropolitan of the Gallican Catholic Church, who on June 21, 1911, consecrated:

Louis Marie Francois Giraud, Archbishop of Almyra, Gallican Patriarch, who on December 28, 1921, consecrated:

Pierre Gaston Vigue, who on June 3, 1924, consecrated:

Aloysius Stumpfl, Mar Timotheos II, Regionary Bishop of Aquileia, who on June 28, 1947, consecrated:

Charles Leslie Saul, Archbishop of Suthronia, Mar Leofric, who on July 14, 1947, consecrated:

Hugh George de Willmott Newman, Mar Georgius I, Patriarch of Glastonbury, Catholicos of the West, Sixth British Patriarch, who consecrated:

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson 27 may 1950

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 April 1952

Mgr Charles E. Brearley 14 November 1954

Mgr Andre Barbeau 14 May 1968

Mgr Victor Solis II 31 July 1973

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) 6 November 1973 Transmit sa Succession a

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 November 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 April 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 April 1992

Mgr Tau Johannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

 

SYRO-CHALDEAN

A la 360 du Dictionnaire Enciclopedique Catholique il est escrit sur les Ordinations de l’Eglise Syro_Chaldeenne: “Elles sont valides”.

EAST SYRIA, Assyria, Persia and Mesopotamia were evangelized by St. Thomas the Apostle, assisted by St. Adai, one of the Seventy sent by Christ (Luke 10:1) and one of their disciples. Proceeding- from Palestine, they preached in those lands, and St. Thomas eventually reached India.

The Metropolitan of Seleucia-Ctesiphon governed the Persian Church from its earliest days, the twin capitols of the Persian Empire, who was subject to the Patriarch of Antioch and of the East, but owing to difficulties of communication, the Patriarchal jurisdiction was delegated to the Metropolitan who was designated, "Catholicos of the East" (i.e. "holder of all") and Patriarch.

The Syro-Chaldean Church (the official designation of the Catholicate of the East) at one time became the largest body of Christians in the world, extending throughout all Persia, Mesopotamia, India and China. It was eventually reduced to small numbers by the barbarian invaders. The Indian branch remained in communion with the Catholics until the Synod of Diamper in 1599, when the Latin missionaries forced the Indian Christians to sever their connection with the See of Seleucia- Ctesiphon and submit to Rome.

As stated in Table II, a number of them effected a union with the Syrian-Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch in 1665 and were constituted as the Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar. For some 250 years, though cut off from their historic center of jurisdiction, a faithful remnant was perpetuated, and it was not until 1862 that the Syro-Chaldean jurisdiction in India was restored; and in this manner:

His Sacred Beatitude, Maram Mar Rowell Shimun XVIII, Reuben, Patriarch of Seleucia-Ctesiphon and Catholicos of the East, who on December 17, 1862, consecrated:

Anthony Thondanatt, Mar Abd Ishu, Metropolitan of Trichur, who on Jul 24,1899, consecrated:

Luis Mariano Scares, Mar Basileus, Metropolitan of India, Ceylon, Mylapore, Socotra and Messina, who on November 30, 1902, consecrated:

Ulric Vemon Herford, Mar Jacobus, Bishop of Mercia and Middlesex, who on February 28, 1925, consecrated:

William Stanley McBean Knight, Mar Paulus, Bishop of Kent, who on October 18, 1931, consecrated:

Hedley Coward Bartlett, Bishop of Siluria, who on May 20, 1945, consecrated:

Hugh George de Willmott Newman, Mar Georgius I, Patriarch of Glastonbury, Catholicos of the West, Sixth British Patriarch, who consecrated:

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson 27 mai 1950

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 avril 1952

Mgr Charles E. Brearley 14 novembre 1954

Mgr Andre Barbeau 14 May 1968

Mgr Victor Solis II 31 July 1973

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) 6 novembre 1973 Transmit sa Succession a

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 avril 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 Avril 1992

Mgr Tau Johannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

 

CHALDEAN-UNITIATE

IN 1445, A SECTION of the Syro-Chaldean Church (Table IV) resident in Cyprus entered into union with Rome and Pope Eugenius IV threatened with ex-communion anyone who dared to continue to call them "Nestorienas." In 1552, owing to a contested patriarchal election, a division took place in the main body in their homelands and part seceded to Rome.

Pope Julius VI invested their leader, John Sulaka, as Uniate Patriarch on April 20, 1553. However, his eventual successor. Mar Shimun XIII repudiated the union with Rome in 1662 and is the predecessor of the Syro- Chaldean Patriarchs from then until the present time.

A group remaining in communion with Rome were for some years governed by a line of Patriarchs all bearing the name of Joseph, but on July 5, 1830, Pope Pius VIII suppressed the Josephite line and declared John VIII Homez to be Patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans and as such, head of the Chaldean-Uniate Rite, of which:

Petrus Elia XIV, Abu-Al-Yunan, Patriarch of Babylon for the Chaldean Catholic Church, on July 24, 1892, consecrated:

Yosif Khayatt, Maran Mar Yosif Emmanuel II Thomas, Patriarch of Babylon for the Chaldean Catholic Church on May 27. 1917, consecrated:

Antoine Lefbeme, Special Commissariat (Legate), who on May 4, 1925, consecrated:

Albert Wolfert Brooks, Mar John Emmanuel, Titular Bishop of Sardis, afterwards Titular Archbishop of Ebbsfleet and Administrator of the Metropolitan Synod of the Apostolic Episcopal Church of the USA, who on November 16, 1934, consecrated:

Charles William Keller, who on April 29, 1945, consecrated:

Hugh George de Willmott Newman, Mar Georgius I, Patriarch of Glastonbury, Catholicos of the West, Sixth British Patriarch, who consecrated:

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson 27 mai 1950

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 avril 1952

Mgr Charles E. Brearley 14 novembre 1954

Mgr Andre Barbeau 14 May 1968

Mgr Victor Solis II 31 July 1973

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) 6 novembre 1973 Transmit sa Succession a

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 avril 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 Avril 1992

Mgr Tau Johannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

 

COPTIC-ORTHODOX

(LIGNEE BYZANTINE GRECQUE MELKITE)

PATRIARCHAL SEE OF ALEXANDRIA - CAIRO, ALEXANDRIA AND SUDAN

HISTORY - The Diocese, which covers Egypt and the Sudan, has only about 9,000 Melkite-Greek Catholic faithful, out of a total of 69 million inhabitants (49 million inhabitants for Egypt and 20 million for the Sudan).

Tradition gives St Mark the Evangelist as first Bishop of Alexandria, while of his successors Saints Athanasius and Cyril were the most illustrious. The first played a leading role at Nicaea in 325 A.D., or more exactly in the defence of the doctrine of the Council of Nicaea; the second was the leading light at the Council of Ephesus in 431.

With effect from 1772, as Orientalium Dignitas reminds us, the Patriarch of Antioch became the “Administrator of Alexandria” for the Melkites. It was when H.B. Maximos III Mazloum was recognized as Patriarch of Antioch and of the entire East, of Alexandria and of Jerusalem, that there began the autonomous existence of the Melkite-Greek Catholic Patriarchate of Alexandria, in 1838.

Its past was glorious enough. But the number of its faithful, which in 1940 still stood at 35.000, is now much reduced as a result of the instability of the Middle East as a whole.

THE ANCIENT TRADITION points to Alexandria, where there was a large colony of Jews as the scene of the Missionary activities of St. Mark the Evangelist. The APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS (VIII, 46) tells us that he consecrated one Anienus as the first Bishop of Alexandria and that St. Luke the Evangelist consecrated the second of that See, Abilios.

The Gospel spread rapidly throughout Egypt of which Alexandria became the Primatial See, being subsequently raised to the dignity of a Patriarchate, ranking third in order next after Rome and Constantinople. Despite severe Moslem persecutions, and today sadly shorn of its former strength, the Coptic-Orthodox Church has managed to continue its existence down to our own times and owing to the presence of numerous Africans in the USA, established a mission there, under:

Archbishop St. John-the-Divine Hickersayon, who on May 27, 1947, consecrated:

Davison Quartey Arthur, Mar Lukos, Bishop of Lagos, Accra and Trinidad who on February 19, 1951, consecrated:

Hugh George de Willmott Newman, Mar Georgius I, Patriarch of Glastonbury, Catholicos of the West, Sixth British Patriarch, who consecrated:

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson 27 mai 1950

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 avril 1952

Mgr Charles E. Brearley 14 novembre 1954

Mgr Andre Barbeau 14 May 1968

Mgr Victor Solis II 31 July 1973

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) 6 novembre 1973 Transmit sa Succession a

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 avril 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 Avril 1992

Mgr Tau Johannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

GREEK MELKITE UNIATE CHURCH

THE WORD "Melkite" is derived from the Semitic word "meiek," meaning, "king" and literally means "royalists." Those known by that name are so called because in the disputes around the time of the council of Chalcedon (451) they followed the Emperor in repudiating the Monophysite heresy, and in denouncing the occupants of the Antiochene and Alexandrian Patriarchates as Monophysites. In most cases this is a matter of grave doubt.

However, the cause of the Melkites was espoused by the Byzantine Patriarchate. They attached themselves loyally, and in the Great Schism of 1054 remained among the eastern churches. In 1686, under their Patriarch Athanasius IV of Antioch, they submitted to Rome and have since continued as the Greek Melkite Uniate Church. In the twentieth century, quite a number fled from Turkish persecution and from the troubles of the two World Wars to the United States.

In the meantime, (c 1911) whose who had already migrated here were visited by:

Athanasios Sawoya, Greek Melkite Archbishop of Beyrouth and Gebeil in Syria, who on October 9, 1911, consecrated:

Antoine Joseph Aneed, Exarch of the Greek Melkite Rite in the USA. Both bishops were in full communion with Rome. Bishop Aneed, thereafter, on July 28, 1946, consecrated:

Odo Acheson Barry, Mar Columba, Titular Archbishop of Canada, who on July 17, 1955, consecrated:

Hugh George de Willmott Newman, Mar Georgius I, Patriarch of Glastonbury, Catholicos of the West, Sixth British Patriarch, who consecrated:

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson 27 mai 1950

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 avril 1952

Mgr Charles E. Brearley 14 novembre 1954

Mgr Andre Barbeau 14 May 1968

Mgr Victor Solis II 31 July 1973

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) 6 novembre 1973 Transmit sa Succession a

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 avril 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 Avril 1992

Mgr Tau Johannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

ARMENIAN-UNIATE

THE ORIGINAL FOUNDATION of the Holy Apostolic Church of Armenia may be traced to Sts. Thaddeus and Eustatius (two of the Seventy). The honor of converting the Armenians, as a nation, to Christ, was gained by St. Gregory the Diuminator, who is 302 was consecrated Archbishop of Etchmiadzme by St. Leontius Exarch of Caesarea in Cappadocia, originally within the Patriarchate of Antioch, and afterward within that of Constantinople.

In 364, the Armenian church was granted full autonomy as an autocephalous catholicate within the One Holy and Apostolic Church under the Patriarch of Etchmiadzine, Supreme Catholicos of all the Armenians. In the 12th century, some of the Armenians began to contemplate union with Rome and the Catholicos was present as a guest of honor at the Latin Council of Antioch C1141) and later, at the Council of Florence (1439), formal union was proclaimed; but it remained a dead letter.

From 1701 attempts were made to found a Uniate body and in 1712, a line of Patriarchs of Cihcia of the Armenians was inaugurated by Rome in the person of Peter Abraham I, from which time the Armenian-Uniate Church has continued to this day. During the reign of the Patriarch, Antonios Peter DC (Hassun):

Archbishop Charchorunian on April 23, 1878. consecrated:

Leon Chechemian, Mar Leon, who on November 2, 1987, consecrated:

Andrew Charles Albert McLaglan, Mar Andries, Fourth British Patriarch, who on June 4, 1922, consecrated:

Herbert James Monzani Heard, Mar Jacobus II, Fifth British Patriarch, who on June 13, 1943, consecrated:

William Bernard Crow, Mar Basilius Abdullah III. Patriarch of Antioch of the Ancient Orthodox Catholic Church, who on April 10, 1944, consecrated:

Hugh George de Willmott Newman, Mar Georgius I, Patriarch of Glastonbury, Catholicos of the West, Sixth British Patriarch, who consecrated:

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson 27 mai 1950

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 avril 1952

Mgr Charles E. Brearley 14 novembre 1954

Mgr Andre Barbeau 14 May 1968

Mgr Victor Solis II 31 July 1973

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) 6 novembre 1973 Transmit sa Succession a

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 avril 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 Avril 1992

Mgr Tau Johannes I (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

RUSSIAN ORTHODOX

ACCORDING TO ancient tradition, the Apostle St. Andrew first preached the Gospel in Russia and planted a cross at Kiev. Missionaries from Constantinople, however, accomplished the actual conversion of the Russian people. In 867 and in 988 St. Vladimir, Grand Prince of Kiev, ordered the nation to become Christian. In 1589, Jeremiah H, Patriarch of Constantinople, raised Job, Metropolitan of Moscow, to the Patriarchal dignity and thus the Patriarchate of Moscow came into being.

This authority was suppressed by Peter the Great, Czar of Russia, in 1721 (with the consent of the Oriental Patriarchs) and restored again in 1917 by Patriarch Aikkon, who was afterward imprisoned by the Bolsheviks and was for some years represented by:

Ivan Nikolaevich Stragorodskij, Metropolitan of Nizhni-Novgorod, afterward Sergij, Patriarch of Moscow. In 1918, at Harbin, Russia, (or Irkutsk, in 1917) under a "Canon of Necessity," he consecrated:

Henry Joseph Kleefish, who on July 29, 1946, consecrated:

Odo Acheson Barry, Mar Columba, who on July 17, 1955, consecrated:

Hugh George de Willmott Newman, Mar Georgius I, Patriarch of Glastonbury, Catholicos of the West, Sixth British Patriarch, who consecrated:

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson 27 mai 1950

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 avril 1952

Mgr Charles E. Brearley 14 novembre 1954

Mgr Andre Barbeau 14 May 1968

Mgr Victor Solis II 31 July 1973

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) 6 novembre 1973 Transmit sa Succession a

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 avril 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 Avril 1992

Mgr Tau Johannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

RUSSO-SYRIAC

THERE ARE in the United States a number of faithful, Syrian by race, but conforming to the Greco-Russian liturgy and customs. For these, the Russian Orthodox Church appears to have accepted some responsibility, so that on the instructions of the Russian Holy Governing Synod:

Archbishop Evdokim on May 11, 1917, consecrated:

Aftimios Ofiesh, Archbishop of Brooklyn, who on September 27, 1932, consecrated:

3. Ignatius William Albert Nichols, Bishop of Washington, D. C., who in 1940 consecrated:

Frank Dyer, who on March 16, 1947, consecrated:

Matthew Nicholas Nelson, Titular Bishop of Hawaii, who on July 21, 1947, consecrated:

Lowell Paul Wadle, Archbishop of the American Catholic Church, who on October 3, 1948, consecrated:

Odo Acheson Barry, Mar Columba, who on July 17, 1955, consecrated:

Hugh George de Willmott Newman, Mar Georgius I, Patriarch of Glastonbury, Catholicos of the West, Sixth British Patriarch, who consecrated:

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson 27 mai 1950

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 avril 1952

Mgr Charles E. Brearley 14 novembre 1954

Mgr Andre Barbeau 14 May 1968

Mgr Victor Solis II 31 July 1973

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) 6 novembre 1973 Transmit sa Succession a

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 avril 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 Avril 1992

Mgr Tau Johannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

SUCCESSION SYNODALE RUSSE
SUCCESSION SYNODALE ORTHODOXE
ORTHODOXE GREC-RUSSE



L'Archevêque CONSTANTIN KURILLO MICHAEL NEVSKIJ (MAKARIJ, 1835), consacre le 14 octobre 1930: assisté par l'Evêque Innokentij (Alexander Dmitrievich Pustynsky, de l'Eglise "The JOSEPH KLIMOVICZ, qui, assisté par les Russian Orthodox Diocese of North America Métropolitains Konstantin Jaroshevich et and Aleutian Islands", consacre le 4 janvier Joseph Zielonka, Nicholas Bahatyretz, Peter 1904:


Williams, consacre le 15 octobre 1950:
BASIL MICHAELOVICH MESCHERSKY
PETER ANDREW ZURAWETZKY, qui, (EUDOKIM, 1869-1935). Il fut ordonné prêtre assisté par les Archevêques Hubert Augustus (ancien rite), le 1 août 1894 (Russkaya Pravo-Rogers; Julian Lester Smith et James Hubert slavnaya Tserkov). Archevêque du Diocèse Rogers (co-consécrateurs), consacre le de L'Amerique du Nord de l'Eglise Orthodoxe 1 juillet 1961: Russe (1914), assisté des Evêques Stephen (Alexander Stepanovich Dzubay), et Aleksandr ROBERT SCHUYLER ZEIGER, qui, assisté (Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Nemolovskij), il par Gordon Albert DaCosta, consacre sub (EUDOKIM), consacre le 13 mai 1917: conditione, le 8 août 1976:


ABDULLAH OFIESH (AFTIMIOS, 1880-1966)

ANDRE BARBEAU, qui, consacre sub qui fut ordonné prêtre en 1902 dans l'Eglise conditione, le 12 décembre 1976:

"The Syrian Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All The East." Il devient archevêque en GEORGES BELLEMARE, qui, le 27 juin 1977, 1923, de l'Eglise "The Syrian Orthodox Mission consacre sub conditione: of the North American Diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church". Il se trouve à la fondation ROGER CARO (PIERRE PHOEBUS, plus tard de l'Eglise (1927), "The Holy Eastern Orthodox STEPHANOS), qui, assisté par Mgr. Jean-Paul Catholic and Apostolic Church in North America Charlet  et Mgr. Maurice Auberger, et autres (The American Orthodox Catholic Church).

Il co-consécrateurs, consacre sub conditione le consacre, assisté de Elias, Métropolitain de 30 juin 1979: Tyre et Sidon, de l'Eglise "The Syrian Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All The East," et PHILIPPE LAURENT DE COSTER l'Evêque Emmanuel (Rizkallah  Abo-Hatab), de (PHILIPPUS-LAURENTIUS), qui, le 9 l'Eglise  "The Syrian Orthodox Mission of the décembre 1991, consacre sub conditione: North American Diocese of the Russian  Orthodox  Church", le 26 mai 1928:

LUC-CYRIL STRIJMEERSCH, Evêque titulaire de Bérée. SOPHRONIUS  BISHARA (SOPHRONIOS, 1888  -  1940).Ordonné prêtre dans  l'Eglise "The Syrian Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All The East. " Archevêque (1933), de l'Eglise "The Syrian Orthodox Mission of the North American ROBERT SCHUYLER ZEIGER, assisté par Diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church."

Mgr. Gordon Albert DaCosta, consacre   sub Assisté par l'Archevêque Theophanes Stylian conditione  le 8 août 1976: Noli, de l'Eglise "The Albanian Orthodox Church in America" (ex-premier ministre de l'Albanie), RAINER LAUFERS, qui ,  assisté par Mgr. consacre le 10 février 1934:

Richard Taylor, consacre sub conditione lors d'une rencontre oecuménique, le 14  mai 1978:

CHRISTOPHER CONTOGEORGE (KONTOGIORGIOS) (1894 - 1950), ordonné ROGER CARO (PIERRE PHOEBUS, plus tard prêtre par le Patriarche Oecuménique de STEPHANOS), qui, le 30 juin 1979, consacre Constantinople (1918). Assisté par l'Evêque sub conditione: Maitland A. Raines, de l'Eglise "The Russian Orthodox Church  Abroad, " l'Evêque PHILIPPE LAURENT DE COSTER Christopher Contogeorge, de l'Eglise "The Holy (PHILIPPUS-LAURENTIUS), qui, le 9 décembre Eastern Orthodox Catholic and Apostolic Church 1991, consacre sub conditione: in North America", consacre le 3 novembre 1935:

LUC-CYRIL STRIJMEERSCH, Evêque NICHOLAS J. KEDROFFSKY (1902-1944).
Titulaire  de  Bérée. Ordonné prêtre dans l'Eglise " The Russian Orthodox Church  Abroad."Archevêque  dans la  même Eglise en 1935. Assisté par l'Evêque Arsenios Saltas, de l'Eglise "The Holy Eastern Orthodox Catholic  and Apostolic Church in LIGNEE CATHOLIQUE ROMAINE North America", et l'Archevêque - Exarque Benjamin/Veniamin (Ioann Athanasievich Fedchenkov), de l'Eglise "The North American A la fin du siècle dernier, vivait à EL OVIEDO au Diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church" et Mexique, un Evêque Catholique Romain, retraité, Christopher Contogeorge, l'Archevêque nommé Mgr. SANCHER Y GAMACHO, Nicholas Kedroffsky, consacre  sub conditione Evêque de TAMAULIPAS qui se rendant à en 1935, Naples, en Italie, en la chapelle d'Amédée de Savoie, consacre, en 1899:

JOSEPH KLIMOVICZ (JOSEPH I, 1880 - 1961) Ordonné prêtre dans l'Eglise "The Russian COMTE BENOIT DONKIN, Evêque de SANTA Orthodox Church of North America" (1913).

CRUCE en Sicile qui, à Londres  le 10 août 1904, Ordonné prêtre  dans l'Eglise "The Russian consacre: Orthodox Church Abroad."
Patriarche de l'Eglise
"The Orthodox Catholic Patriarchate of JACQUES ULRIC VERNON HERFORD, America" (1950).  Il consacre, assisté par les Evêque de Mercie, qui, le 28 février 1925, Métropolitains Konstantin Jaroshevich, Joseph consacre: Zielonka, Nicholas Bahatyretz, Peter Williams, le 15  octobre 1950:

MAR PAULUS, WILLIAM KNIGHT, Evêque de Kent, qui,  le 18 octobre 1931, consacre:

PETER ANDREW ZURAWETZKY, qui, assisté par les Archevêques Hubert Augustus Rogers, MAR HEDLEY, BARTLETT, Evêque de Siluria, Julian Lester Smith et James Hubert Rogers qui,  le  20 mai 1945, consacre: (co-consécrateurs), consacre le 1 juillet 1961:

MAR GEORGIUS de  WILLMOTT-NEWMAN, ROBERT SCHUYLER ZEIGER, qui , qui, le 27 mai 1950, consacre: assisté par Mgr. Gordon Albert DaCosta, consacre sub conditione le 8 août 1976:

HAROLD-PERCIVAL NICHOLSON, qui,  le 14 April 1952, consacre: ANDRE BARBEAU, qui consacre sub conditione, PHILIP CHARLES STUART SINGER, qui le 14 November 1954, consacre: le 12 December 1976:

CHARLES E. BREARLEY, qui,  le 14 may 1968, consacre:

GEORGES BELLEMARE, qui, le 27 juin 1977, consacre sub conditione:

ANDRE BARBEAU, qui,  le 31 juillet 1973, consacre:

ROGER CARO (PIERRE PHOEBUS, plus tard PHILIPPE LAURENT DE COSTER STEPHANOS), qui, assisté par Mgr. Jean-Paul JOSEPH, PAUL, FERNAND DUPUIS (VICTOR Charlet et Mgr. Maurice Auberger, et autres SOLIS II), qui, le 6 November 1973, Consacre et Transmit sa Succession a:

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 November 1973, Consacre et Transmit sa Succession a:

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 April 1987, Consacre et Transmit sa Succession a:

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 April 1992, Consacre et Transmit sa Succession a:

Mgr Tau Johannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

ROMAN CATHOLIC, SYRO-CHALDEAN RITE

WHEN Anthony Thondanatt accepted consecration from the Nestorian Patriarch Maram Mar Rowell Shimun XVIII, (Table IV) his action severed him from communion with Rome. However, after three years his relationship with Rome was restored. Ultimately, he was re-consecrated, as follows:

Hanna Sahhar, Mar Elia Johannan Mellus, of the Chaldean Catholic Church, on March 5, 1882, consecrated:

Anthony Thondanatt, Mar Abd Ishu, Metropolitan of Trichur, who on July 24, 1899, consecrated:

Luis Mariano Scares, Mar Basileus, who on November 30, 1902, consecrated:

Ulric Vemon Herford, Mar Jacobus, who on February 28, 1925, consecrated:

William Stanley McBean Knight, Mar Paulus, who on October 18,1931, consecrated:

Hedley Coward Bartlett, who on May 20, 1945, consecrated:

Hugh George de Willmott Newman, Mar Georgius I, Patriarch of Glastonbury, Catholicos of the West, Sixth British Patriarch, who consecrated:

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson 27 mai 1950

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 avril 1952

Mgr Charles E. Brearley 14 novembre 1954

Mgr Andre Barbeau 14 May 1968

Mgr Victor Solis II 31 July 1973

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) 6 novembre 1973 Transmit sa Succession a

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 avril 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 Avril 1992

Mgr Tau Johannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

ROMAN CATHOLIC

CORPORATE REUNION

THE DISPUTE over the validity of Anglican orders produced a desire among some in the Church of England for orders that Rome would be compelled to acknowledge as valid. This desire led to a clandestine attempt to secure indisputable orders for the English clergy. Two priests from the Church of England and one Englishman from the Syrian Patriarchate were consecrated in a service that was kept secret, apparently to protect the consecrator. They were Frederick George Lee and Thomas Wimberley Mossman, both Anglican priests, and John Thomas Seccombe, who had been ordained by Ferrette. Subsequently, the three reportedly re-ordained a number of Anglican priests. They called their effort the Order of Corporate Reunion. However, because the effort did not bear the official sanction of the Church of England, and because it seemed intended to manipulate the Roman Church into giving recognition to Anglican orders, the movement failed. The orders conferred, however, were recognized as valid:

Ugo Pietro Spinola, a Bishop of the Roman Catholic Church, on June 6,1847, consecrated:

Luigi Nazari, subsequently Archbishop of Milano, who in the summer of 1877 consecrated:

Frederick George Lee, Thomas Wimberley Mossman and John Thomas Seccombe, for the Order of Corporate Reunion; who, with Richard Williams Morgan, on March 6, 1879, consecrated:

Charles Isaac Stevens, Mar Theophilus I, Second British Patriarch of the Patriarchate of Antioch, who on May 4, 1890, consecrated:

Leon Chechemian, Mar Leon, who on November 2, 1897, consecrated:

Andrew Charles Albert McLaglan, Mar Andries, who on June 4, 1922, consecrated:

Herbert James Monzani Heard, Mar Jacobus n, who on June 13, 1943, consecrated:

William Bernard Crow, Mar Basilius Abdullah III, who on April 10, 1944, consecrated:

Hugh George de Willmott Newman, Mar Georgius I, Patriarch of Glastonbury, Catholicos of the West, Sixth British Patriarch, who consecrated:

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson 27 mai 1950

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 avril 1952

Mgr Charles E. Brearley 14 novembre 1954

Mgr Andre Barbeau 14 May 1968

Mgr Victor Solis II 31 July 1973

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) 6 novembre 1973 Transmit sa Succession a

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 avril 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 Avril 1992

Mgr Tau Johannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

Old Catholic Church of Utrecht

Lines of Apostolic Succession

THE CONVERSION to Christianity of the Netherlands was chiefly due to the labours of St. Willibrord in the late 7th and early 8th centuries. After his consecration by Pope Sergius in 696, he established his Chair at Utrecht, which was forever after the Primatial See of Holland. Ultimately this authority became a Prince-Bishop of the Holy Roman Empire until 1528.

At that time the Prince-Bishop, Henry of Bavaria, ceded the sovereignty to the Emperor Charles V. As a result of Jesuit intrigue the Roman Catholic Church in Holland (comprising the Archiepiscopal See of Utrecht and the Bishoprics of Haarlem and Deventer) became separated from the rest of the Roman Catholic Church in the year 1702. This was largely due to the unjust suspension of the saintly Archbishop Peter Codde.

After his death, Dominique Marie Varlet, Bishop of Babylon restored the apostolic succession, and the Dutch church became known as The Old Roman Catholic Church. This was to distinguish it from those who adhered to a new hierarchy intruded by the Roman Curia.

After the Vatican Council of 1870, certain Roman Catholics in various parts of the world, protested against the dogma of Papal Infallibility decreed by that council, and were known as OLD Catholics to denote that they adhered to the old teaching of Christendom, and not to the new teaching of Rome. The OLD Catholics obtained their Episcopal succession from the Old Roman Catholics of Holland, and the two bodies formed a loose federation of non-papal Catholic Churches under the title of the Union of Utrecht.

An Old Catholic Church was established in Great Britain and Ireland in 1908 when the Earl of Landaff was consecrated its first bishop. In 1910 he severed connection with the Union of Utrecht on account of the growing influence of the Modernist and Anglican heresies in the other churches of the Union, which culminated in inter-communion being established between churches of the Utrecht Union and those of the Anglican Communion in 1932.

In the following table, the succession is traced from Cardinal Antonio Barberini, nephew of Pope Urban V in who was nominated to the Archiepiscopal See of Rheims by King Louis XIV of France, recognized by the Pope, and the record of whose entry and enthronement at Rheims is preserved in Fisquot's LA FRANCE PONTIFICALE, and so:

In 1697, Dutch Catholics were accused of being "Jansenists". + Petrus Codde was then the Vicar General and he was officially censured by Rome and a schism began. Many French Jansenists suffered persecution in France during the 18th century and fled to Holland.

In 1723, Dutch Jansenists nominated for themselves a Bishop of Utrecht. The Dutch Old Catholic Church was officially created and their bishop was later consecrated by +Varlet. The Dutch Old Catholic Church evolved into the Union of Utrecht and supported other Old Catholic Churches in Germany, Switzerland, and briefly in Poland with the Mariavites, and in the USA with the National Polish Church. Also, see further comments in the "Brief Primer on Apostolic Succession."

They are presently in full intercommunion with the Church of England and recognize Anglican ordinations as valid since 1925.

 

Roman Old Catholic Succession


(1) Peter, 38
(2) Linus, 67

(3) Ancletus {Cletus}, 76

(4) Clement, 88

(5) Evaristus, 97

(6) Alexander I, 105

(7) Sixtus I, 115

(8) Telesphorus, 125

(9) Hygimus, 136

(10) Pius I, 140

(11) Anicetus, 155

(12) Soter, 166

(13) Eleutherius, 175

(14) Victor I, 189

(15) Zephyrinus, 199

(16) Callistus I, 217

(17) Urban I, 222

(18) Pontian, 230

(19) Anterus, 235

(20) Fabian, 236

(21) Cornelius, 251

(22) Lucius I, 253

(23) Stephen I, 254

(24) Sixtus II, 257

(25) Dionysius, 259

(26) Felix I, 269

(27) Eutychian, 275

(28) Caius, 283

(29) Marcellinus, 296

(30) Marcellus I, 308

(31) Eucebius, 309

(32) Melchiades {Miltiades}, 311

(33) Sylvester I, 314

(34) Marcus, 336

(35) Julius I, 337

(36) Liberius, 352 Liberius was expelled from Rome by the Arian Emperor Constantius, during his absence, the See of Rome was held by Felix II, who resigned upon the return of Liberius from his two year exile.

(37) Damasus I, 366

(38) Siricius, 384

(39) Anastasius I, 399

(40) Innocent I, 401

(41) Zosimus, 417

(42) Boniface I, 418

(43) Celestine I, 422

(44) Sixtus III, 432

(45) Leo I, 440

(46) Hilary, 461

(47) Simplicius, 468

(48) Felix III, 483

(49) Gelasius I, 492

(50) Anastasius II, 496

(51) Symmachus, 498

(52) Hormisdus, 514

(53) John I, 523

(54) Felix IV, 526

(55) Boniface II, 530

(56)  John II, 535

(57)  Agapitus, 535

(58)  Sylverius, 536

(59)  Vigilus, 537

(60)  Pelagius I, 556

(61)  John III, 561

(62)  Benedict I, 575

(63)  Pelagius II, 579

(64)  Gregory I, 590

(65)  Sabinianus, 604

(66)  Boniface III, 607

(67)  Boniface IV, 608

(68)  Deusdedit {Adeodatus I}, 615

(69)  Boniface V, 619

(70)  Honorius, 625

(71)  Severinus, 640

(72)  John IV, 640

(73)  Theodore I, 642

(74)  Martin I, 649

(75)  Eugene I, 654

(76)  Vitalian, 657

(77)  Adeodatus II, 672

(78)  Donus, 676

(79)  Agatho, 678

(80)  Leo II, 682

(81)  Benedict II, 684

(82)  John V, 685

(83)  Conon, 686

(84)  Sergius I, 687

(85)  John VI, 701

(86)  John VII, 705

(87)  Sisinnius, 708

(88)  Constantine, 708

(89)  Gregory II, 715

(90)  Gregory III, 731

(91)  Zachary, 741

(92)  Stephen II, 752

(93)  Paul I, 757

(94)  Stephen III, 768

(95)  Adrian I, 772

(96)  Leo III, 795

(97)  Stephan IV, 816

(98)  Paschal I, 817

(99)  Eugene II, 824

(100) Valentine, 827

(101) Gregory IV, 827

(102)  Sergius II, 844

(103)  Leo IV, 847

(104)  Benedict III, 855

(105)  Nicholas I, 858

(106)  Adrian II, 867

(107)  John VIII, 872

(108)  Marinus I, 882

(109)  Adrian III, 884

(110)  Stephan V, 885

(111)  Formosus, 891

(112)  Boniface VI

(113)  Steven VI, 897

(114)  Romanus, 897

(115) Theodore II, 897

(116)  John IX, 898

(117)  Benedict IV, 900

(118)  Leo V, 903

(119)  Sergius III, 904

(120)  Anastasius III, 911

(121)  Landus, 913

(122)  John X, 914

(123)  Leo VI, 938

(124)  Stephan VII, 928

(125)  John XI, 931

(126)  Leo VII, 936

(127)  Stephen VIII, 939

(128)  Maginus II, 942

(129)  Agapitus II, 946

(130)  John XIII, 955

(131)  Leo VII, 963

(132)  Benedict V, 964

(133)  John XIV, 965

(134)  Benedict VI, 973

(135)  Benedict VII, 974

(136)  John XIV, 983

(137)  John XV, 985

(138)  Gregory V, 996

(139)  Sylvester II, 999

(140)  John XVII, 1003

(141)  John XVIII, 1004

(142)  Sergius IV, 1009

(143)  Benedict VIII, 1012

(144)  John XIX, 1024

(145)  Benedict IX, 1032

(146)  Sylvester III, 1045

(147)  Benedict IX {Second time},1045

(148)  Gregory VI, 1045

(149)  Clement II, 1046

(150)  Benedict IX {Third time},1047

(151)  Damasus II, 1048

(152)  Leo IX, 1049

(153)  Victor II, 1055

(154)  Stephan IX, 1057

(155)  Nicholas II, 1059

(156)  Alexander II, 1061

157)  Gregory VII, 1073

(158)  Victor III, 1087

(159)  Urban II, 1088

(160)  Paschal II, 1099

(161)  Gelasius II, 1118

(162)  Callistus II, 1119

(163)  Honorius II, 1124

(164)  Innocent II, 1130

(165)  Celestine II, 1143

(166)  Lucius II, 1144

(167)  Eugene III 1145

(168)  Anastasius IV, 1153

(169)  Adrian IV, 1154

(170)  Alexander III, 1159

(171) Lucius III, 1181

(172) Urban III, 1185

(173)  Gregory VIII, 1187

(174)  Clement III, 1187

(175)  Celestine III, 1191

(176)  Innocent III, 1198

(177)  Honorius III, 1216

(178)  Gregory IX, 1227

(179)  Celestine IV, 1241

(180)  Innocent IV, 1243

(181)  Alexander IV, 1254

(182)  Urban IV, 1261

(183)  Clement IV, 1265

(184)  Gregory X, 1271

(185)  Innocent V, 1276

(186)  Adrian V, 1276

(187)  John XXI, 1276

(188)  Nicholas III, 1277

(189)  Martin IV, 1281

(190)  Honorius IV, 1285

(191)  Nicholas IV 1288

(192) Celestine V, 1294

(193) Boniface VIII, 1294

(194) Benedict XI, 1303

(195)  Clement V, 1305

(196)  John XXII, 1316

(197)  Benedict XII, 1334

(198)  Clement VI, 1342

(199)  Innocent VI, 1352

(200)  Urban V, 1362

(201)  Gregory XI, 1370

(202)  Urban VI, 1378

(203)  Boniface IX, 1389

(204)  Innocent VII, 1389

(205)  Gregory XII, 1406

(206)  Martin V, 1417

(207)  Eugene IV, 1431

(208)  Nicholas V, 1447

(209)  Callistus III, 1455

(210)  Pius II, 1458

(211)  Paul II, 1464

(212)  Sixtus IV, 1471

(213)  Innocent VIII, 1484

(214)  Alexander VI, 1492

(215)  Pius III, 1503

(216)  Julius II, 1503

(217)  Leo X, 1513

(218)  Adrian VI, 1522

(219)  Clement VII, 1523

(220)  Paul III, 1534

(221)  Julius III, 1550

(222)  Marcellus II, 1555

(223)  Paul IV, 1555

(224)  Pius IV, 1559

(225)  Pius V, 1566

(226)  Gregory XIII, 1572

(227)  Sixtus V, 1585

(228)  Urban VII, 1590

(229)  Gregory XIV, 1590

(230)  Innocent IX, 1591

(231)  Clement VIII, 1592

(232)  Leo XI, 1605

(233)  Paul V, 1605

(234)  Gregory XV 1621

(235)  Urban VIII, 1623

(236)  Innocent X, 1644

(237)  Alexander VII, 1655

(238)  In 1655, Antonio Barberini, nephew of Urban VIII, was consecrated to the Episcopate under authority of the Bishop of Rome, by Bishops Scanarello, Bottini and Govotti. He was Archbishop of Remes 1657 until his death in 1671, and was made a Cardinal. It is from Bishop Barerini that the Roman Succession from Peter branches off from the Bishops of Rome.

(239) Michael le Tellier was consecrated by Barberini in 1668. He was confessor to King Louis XIV of France, and a Jesuit Provincial.

(240) Jaques Benigne de Bousseut, was consecrated by Le Tellier in 1670 as Bishop of Mieux, France.

(241) James Coyon de Matignon, was consecrated by de Bousseut in 1693.

(242) Dominicus Marie Varlet, Consecrated in 1719 in Paris by Bishop de Matignon, assisted by the Bishop of Quebec and the Bishop of Claremont. He was named Coadjutor to the Roman Catholic Bishop of Babylon who died on November 20, 1717 and Bishop Varlet succeeded to the title. After a period in Persia at Schamake, he was suspended from office for alleged technical irregularities, including the Confirmation of 604 candidates in Holland, whom he had confirmed at the request of the Church in Amsterdam. The Dutch Church had been without a Bishop for 18 years as a punishment from the See Of Rome because the Dutch Church refused to cooperate in the persecution of the "Jansenests" in Holland.

Following the election of (243) Cornelius Van Steenhoven to serve as Archbishop of Utrecht, the Primatial See of Holland, Varlet agreed to perform the Consecration, which he did on October 15, 1724, thus making Van Steenhoven the seventh Archbishop of Utrecht and canonical successor to Saint Willibrord, the British missionary who had brought the faith to Holland. In this Consecration was born the Old Catholic Church, a Roman Succession.

1) Antonio Cardinal Barberini (Jr) was a nephew of Pope Urban VIII. In 1627, the Pope appointed him to be the Grand Prior of the Knights of Malta and Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. In 1628 he was named Papal Legate to Avignon. He was consecrated in the Ribiba Line of Succession, October 24, 1655, at the church of the novitiate of the Society of Jesus, Rome, by Giovanni Battista Scanaroli, titular bishop of Sidon, assisted by Lorenzo Gavotti, Theat, bishop of Ventimilia, and by Marcantonio Bettoni, T.O.S.F., titular bishop of Coron.

Nominated archbishop of Reims by King Louis XIV of France, June 27, 1657; confirmed by the Holy See, retaining the post of camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, July 18, 1667. Opted for the suburbicarian see of Palestrina, November 21, 1661. In 1668 in the Church of the Sorbonne, Paris, he consecrated as his co-adjutor with right of succession Charles Maurice Le Tellier, the son of the Grand Chancellor of France.

2) Charles Maurice Le Tellier, S.J., Duke, and son of the Grand Chancellor of France and co-adjutor with right of succession to Antoine Barberini, the Archbishop of Rheims, was consecrated 11 November 1668 at Paris, in the Church of the Sorbonne, by Antoine Cardinal Barberini, Archbishop of Reims, assisted by Pierre de Cambout de Coislin, Bishop of Orléans, and Michel Colbert de Saint-Pouange, Bishop of Macon. He in turn consecrated, in the church of the Cordeliers, Pontois, the illustrious Jacques Benigne Bossuet. (Ironic historical note: As a Jesuit Provincial and confessor to King Louis XIV of France, Le Tellier was largely responsible for writing the Papal Bul "Unigenitus" which condemned Jansenism and paved the way for the future Old Catholic Church of Utrecht).

3) Jacques Bénigne Bossuet (The Eagle of Meaux) was consecrated Bishop of Condom 21 September 1670 at Pontoise, Church of the Cordeliers, by Charles Maurice Le Tellier, Titular Archbishop of Nazianzus and Coadjutor Archbishop of Reims, assisted by Armand de Monchy d`Hocquincourt, Bishop of Verdun, and Gabriel de Roquette, Bishop of Autun. Pope Clement X transferred him to the See of Meaux in 1671. Bossuet was a Roman Catholic predecessor of the future Old Catholic Church because he taught that the Roman Pontiff could err temporarily, but not fall into permanent error. He, in turn, with a mandate from Pope Clement X, consecrated Jacques de Goyon de Matignon in the church of Chartreuse, Paris.

4) Jacques de Goyon de Matignon, son of Count De Thorigny, was consecrated 16 April 1673 at Paris, Church of the Carthusians, by Jacques Bénigne Bossuet, Bishop emeritus of Condom, assisted by Gui de Sève de Rochechouart, Bishop of Arras, and Louis Marie Armand de Simiane de Gorde, Bishop of Langres. He was Doyen of Lisieux and Abbe Commendataire De St. Victor, Paris. By order of Pope Clement XI, he consecrated Dominique Marie Varlet at Paris.

5) Dominique Marie Varlet was consecrated as Bishop of Ascalon in partibus, and coadjutor to the Most Reverend Pidou of St. Odon, Bishop of Babylon, Persia in February 1719 at Paris, in the lower chapel of the Seminary of the Missions Étrangères, by Jacques de Goyon de Matignon, Bishop emeritus of Condom, assisted by Louis François Duplessis de Mornay, O.F.M., Titular Bishop of Eumenia, and Jean Baptiste Massillon, Bishop of Clermont. Bishop Varlet consecrated four Archbishops of the Old Catholics at Utrecht (Oud Katholicke Kerk van Nederland), three of whom died without consecrating successors. In response to the appeals of the Chapter of the Old Catholic Church of Utrecht, he consecrated Petrus Johannes Meindaerts.

6) Petrus Johannes Meindaerts was consecrated Archbishop of Utrecht in 1739. He had been one of several priests ordained in Ireland by Luke Fagan, Bishop of Meath, afterwards Archbishop of Dublin, with the view of sustaining the independence of the ancient Church of the Netherlands, founded by St. Willibrord in the VII Century. By his consecration to the Episcopate, the succession of the Old Catholic Church in Holland has been perpetuated. Archbishop Meindaerts consecrated Johnnes van Stiphout.

7) Johannes Van Stiphout was consecrated as Bishop of Haarlem by Petrus Johannes Meindaerts 11th of July, 1745. He, in turn, consecrated:

8) Gualtherus Michael Van Nieuwenhuisen was consecrated Archbishop of Utrecht February 7th, 1768 by Johannes Van Stiphout. The new Archbishop received letters of Communion from Germany, France, Italy and Spain who recognized that the claims to canonical jurisdiction of the Old Catholic Church of Utrecht were sound, and her doctrine orthodox. He consecrated Adrianus Johannes Broekman.

9) Adrianus Johannes Broekman was consecrated as Bishop of Haarlem June 21st, 1778 by Gualtherus Michael Van Nieuwenhuisen. He consecrated Johannes Jacobus van Rhijin.

10) Johannes Jacobus van Rhijin was consecrated Archbishop of Utrecht July 5th., 1805. He consecrated Gilbertus de Jong.

11) Gilbertus de Jong was consecrated Bishop of Deventer November 7th 1805 just after the formation of the Batavian Republic by the Emperor Napoleon I. He then consecrated Willibrordus van Os.

12) Willibrordus van Os was consecrated Archbishop of Utrecht April 24th 1814. He consecrated Johannes Bon.

13) Johannes Bon was consecrated Bishop of Haarlem April 22nd 1819. Bishop Bon was the first Bishop of the autocephalous Dutch succession not to be excommunicated by Rome. In 1827 the King of the Netherlands to the See of Bruges nominated him without objection from Rome. He consecrated Johannes van Santen.

14) Johannes van Santen was consecrated Archbishop of Utrecht June 14th 1825. He consecrated Hermann Johannes Heykamp.

15) Hermann Johannes Heykamp was consecrated as Bishop of Deventer on July 17, 1853 (or 1854). He became Bishop of Utrecht in 1875. Heykamp consecrated Casparus Johannes Rinkel.

16) Casparus Johannes Rinkel was consecrated Bishop of Haarlem August 11th 1873. This is the first time that the formal proofs of election were read during the Mass of Consecration rather than a Papal mandate. It is also the first time that a new Bishop of the autocephalous Dutch succession did not notify Rome of his consecration. Bishop Rinkel consecrated Gerardus Gul.





Arnold Harris Mathew being consecrated a bishop by the Most Rev’d Gerardus Gul, Archbishop of Utrecht


17) Gerardus Gul was consecrated Archbishop of Utrecht May 11th 1892. Bishop Gul consecrated Henricus Johannes Theodorus van Vlijmen and Arnold Harris Mathew.

(Note: Archbishop Gerardus Gul of Utrecht, Holland, was the first of the Old Catholic Church line of succession)

18) Arnold Harris Mathew was consecrated Regionary Old Catholic Bishop for Great Britain April 28, 1908, at St. Gertrude's Church, Utrecht by Bishop Gerardus Gul, assisted by Bishop J. J. Van Thiel of Haarlem, Bishop N. B. P. Spit of Deventer and Bishop J. Demmel of Bonn, Germany. He was elected Archbishop in 1911. Archbishop Eyre, at St. Andrew’s Roman Catholic Cathedral, had ordained him to the Priesthood Glasgow in 1877. He came from distinguished Irish parents. He was the great-grandson of Francis Mathew, First Earl of Landaff, of Thomastown Castle, Tipperary. He consecrated Prince Rudolphe Francois Eduard Hamilton de Landas-Berghes.
(Note: Archbishop Mathew’s archdiocese was in London, England and became autocephalous)

19) Rudolphe Francois Eduard Hamilton, Grand Duke of Lorraine-Brabant, Prince de Landas-Berghes and de Roche and Duke of St. Winnock was consecrated in 1912. He in turn consecrated Henry Carmel Carfora.

20) Henry Carmel Carfora was consecrated in 1916. Rene Vilatte also consecrated him in 1915, however, no historical records can be found. Carfora was ordained a priest of the Roman Catholic Church in Italy in 1901. Carfora was elected Archbishop of the United States for all Old Catholics in 1923.


(Note: Archbishop Carfora had received two ordinations to the Episcopal level: The Arnold H. Mathew succession through the Old Catholic Church of Utrecht and the Joseph Rene Vilatte line of succession through the Antioch See). Mgr Carmel Enrico Carfora, qui, le 11 February 1924 consacra

Mgr Edwin Wallace Hunter, qui le 24 March 1929 consacra

Mgr Wallace David Ortega Maxey qui consacra (Anglican Church)

Mgr Hugh George de Willmott-Newman 6 April 1946

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson 27 mai 1950

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 avril 1952

Mgr Charles E. Brearley 14 novembre 1954

Mgr Andre Barbeau 14 May 1968

Mgr Victor Solis II 31 July 1973

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) 6 novembre 1973 Transmit sa Succession a

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 avril 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 Avril 1992

Mgr Tau Johannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

LIGNEE VIEILLE CATHOLIQUE ROMAINE

L'Eglise Vieille Catholique Romaine, du fait qu'elle tient ses Ordres Sacrés de la Succession Apostolique Oecuménique de Mgr. Hugues-Georges de Willmott-Newman principalement, trace également sa succession Vieille Catholique depuis l'antique Siège d'Utrecht, en Hollande, fondé par l'Apôtre des Pays-Bas Saint Willibrord, consacré Evêque à Rome en 696 par le Pape Sergius, et qui à son retour aux Pays-Bas établit son siège à Utrecht. L'un de ses Successeurs sur ce siège fut le grand Saint Boniface, apôtre de l'Allemagne. L'Eglise d'Utrecht pourvut aussi en 1522 le Siège Papal d'un digne occupant en la personne du Pape Adrien VI, tandis que deux des interprêtes les plus remarquables de la vie religieuse, Gart Groote qui fonda "les Frères de la vie commune" et Thomas a Kempis auquel est attribué "l'Imitation de Jésus-Christ", appartenaient à l'Eglise Hollandaise.

Pour diverses raisons, dont la plupart étaient d'ordre politique, les Jésuites envahirent la juridiction de l'Archevêque d'Utrecht en 1592; quoiqu'ils furent plus d'une fois réprimandés par le Pape et qu'il leur fut ordonné de se soumettre à l'autorité de l'Archevêque, leurs machinations contre l'Eglise d'Utrecht n'en diminuèrent pas pour autant. En 1691, les Jésuites accusèrent faussement Peter Codde, Archevêque d'Utrecht, de favoriser la soi-disante hérésie Janséniste. Malgré les preuves d'innocence de l'Archevêque à propos de cette hérésie, l'influence des Jésuites était si grande qu'ils persuadèrent le Pape d'émettre un bref secret suspendant et déposant l'Archevêque Codde qui ne fut jamais autorisé à présenter sa défense, pas plus qu'on ne lui donna les noms de ses accusateurs, ni les charges relevées contre lui.

Nous croyons et nous maintenons que ces procédés irréguliers contre l'Eglise d'Utrecht étaient nuls et sans valeur puisque basés uniquement sur des charges, dont la preuve a été faite à l'époque, qu'elles n'étaient pas fondées. Devant ces procédés scandaleux et irréguliers, l'Archevêque Pierre CODDE, soutenu par le Chapitre, les 52 paroisses et les fidèles de son diocèse, ne put admettre cette décision arbitraire. Les choses en restèrent là jusqu'à la mort de Monseigneur CODDE. L'élection du nouvel Archevêque appartenait depuis toujours au Chapitre, soumise bien entendu à l'assentiment de Rome, qui en la circonstance refusa de donner son accord pour l'élection du Chanoine Cornélius STEENHOVEN, élu à la majorité, prêtre éminent qui avait obtenu de Rome le doctorat en théologie.

Toute la Catholicité d'Occident gardait les yeux fixés sur Utrecht! Qu'allait faire le Chapitre ? Trouverait-il un Evêque pour consacrer l'Archevêque élu? Les Evêques des pays limitrophes étaient peu désireux de se compromettre vis-à-vis de Rome et craignaient à juste titre les réactions de la Nonciature de Cologne et de Bruxelles! C'est alors que la providence devait intervenir en la personne de Mgr. Dominique VARLET, Evêque Catholique Romain, titulaire d'Ascalon, coadjuteur de Mgr. PIDOU de St. OLON, Evêque de Babylone en Perse. Le soir de sa consécration, Mgr. VARLET fut informé de la mort de Mgr. PIDOU dont il prit automatiquement la Succession au Siège de Babylone. Lors de son passage en Hollande, Mgr. VARLET apprit avec émotion la pénible situation de l'Eglise Hollandaise et accepta avec bonheur de confirmer les fidèles à Utrecht, à Amsterdam, à la Haye. Cet acte pastoral charitable et courageux ne devait jamais lui être pardonné par la Cour de Rome. Il fut l'objet d'une suspense, plus ou moins canonique, sous prétexte qu'il n'avait pas visité l'internonce à Bruxelles! Mgr. VARLET devant cette attitude inqualifiable resta en Hollande et accepta, sur la demande du Chapitre d'Utrecht, de consacrer l'Archevêque élu:

PIERRE JEAN MEINDAARTS. En lui, l'Eglise Catholique de Hollande avait retrouvé un Archevêque éminent qui procéda à la consécration épiscopale des Evêques de Haarlem et de Deventer.Le 1er septembre 1763 s'ouvrait alors en l'Eglise Ste Gertrude à Utrecht, le 1er Concile de l'Eglise Vieille Catholique de Hollande. C'est un monument d'orthodoxie et de respect pour le Saint Siège:"Nous acceptons sans aucune exception tous les articles de la Sainte Foi Catholique. Nous ne retiendrons, ni n'enseignerons jamais, maintenant ou plus tard d'autres opinions que celles décrétées, déterminées et publiées par notre Mère la Sainte Eglise. Nous rejetons et condamnons tout ce qui s'y oppose, spécialement toute hérésie, sans aucune exception que l'Eglise a condamnée ou rejetée".

Ces déclarations du Concile d'Utrecht devaient rester pour les Eglises Vieilles Catholiques Romaines la charte de leur déclaration de Foi. Elles eurent l'heur de plaire en Europe Catholique Romaine et l'Archevêque d'Utrecht reçut de nombreuses lettres de félicitations. Le Pape CLEMENT XIII lui-même s'en déclara fort satisfait, mais les Jésuites veillaient et obtinrent finalement un décret injurieux contre les membres du synode d'Utrecht. Pourtant, à cette époque et plus tard encore, les membres de l'Eglise Vieille Catholique d'Utrecht se montraient de fidèles Catholiques Romains ne souhaitant que la réconciliation avec Rome. L'expérience devait montrer que, aussi longtemps que Rome serait Rome, cette "réconciliation" ne pourrait être qu'une soumission sans condition à l'autoritarisme romain ...

En Allemagne, en Suisse, en Autriche, des paroisses entières voulurent rester fidèles au catholicisme de toujours. Pour ce faire, elles se tournèrent avec confiance vers le Siège Métropolitain d'Utrecht. N'était-ce pas la plus ancienne Eglise Occidentale qui avait retrouvé le catholicisme primitif authentique? La validité de son sacerdoce ne posait de question pour personne. Il convient de souligner que Rome n'a jamais pu contester la validité des consécrations épiscopales faites par Monseigneur VARLET. Il ne pouvait d'ailleurs pas en être autrement selon la doctrine de l'Eglise Romaine Mgr. GERARD GULL, Archevêque Primat de l'Eglise Vieille Catholique de Hollande, assisté de Mgr. VAN THIEL, Mgr. P. SPIT, Mgr. DEMMEL, conféra, en la cathédrale Sainte Gertrude à Utrecht, le 28 avril 1908 la consécration Episcopale à S. Exc. Mgr. ARNOLD HARRIS MATHEW lui transmettant ainsi une indiscutable Succession Apostolique issue du Cardinal Barberini et passant par Bossuet.

Mgr. ARNOLD HARRIS MATHEW, fidèle aux déclarations du 1er concile de
l'Eglise Vieille Catholique d'Utrecht de 1763, fonda alors en Angleterre
l'Eglise Vieille Catholique Romaine qu'il établit par la suite en Amérique
et dans le Monde.

"The Catholic Encyclopedic Dictionary", p. 373, première édition, "Their orders and sacraments are valid".

- Le Révérend Herbert Thurston, s.j., écrivant dans "The Month" en 1918, dit clairement que les ordres dérivés de l'Archevêque Arnold-Harris Mathew sont valides.

- Les Anglicans reconnurent les ordres du prince de Landas- Berghes de Rache, qui fut consacré par Mgr. Mathew et, sur leur invitation, il fut coconsécrateur, le 12 janvier 1915, à la consécration de Mgr. H.R. Hulse, évêque de Cuba, dans la Cathédrale Anglicane de New York.

- Maurice Colinon, dans Ecclesia, no. 131 de février 1960, page 70, parlant de Mgr. Varlet,


LIGNEE VIEILLE CATHOLIQUE ROMAINE

Willibrord (Clemens) (695-739)

Wera (739?-752/3)

Eoban (753-754)

Gregory of Utrecht (754-775)

Alberic of Utrecht (775-784)

Theodardus (784-790)

Hamacarus (790-806)

Ricfried (806-ca. 820)

Frederik I (ca. 820-829)

Alberik II (835/7-845)

Eginhard (ca. 845)

Liudger (ca. 848-854)

Hunger (854-866)

Adalbold I (866-899)

Radboud (899/900-917)

Balderik (917/8-975/6)

Folcmar (Poppo) (976-990)

Boudewijn I (991-995)

Ansfried (995-1010)

Adalbold II (1010-1026)

Bernold (1026/7-1054)

William I (1054-1076)

Conrad (1076-1099)

Burchard (1100-1112)

Godebold (1114-1127)

Andreas van Cuijk (1127/8-1139)

Hartbert (1139-1150)

Herman van Hoorn (1151-1156)

Godfried van Rhenen (1156-1178)

Boudewijn II van Holland (1178-1196)

Arnold I van Isenburg (1196-1197)

Dirk I van Holland (1197)

Dirk II van Are (van Ahr) (1197/8-1212)

Otto I van Gelre (1212-1215)

Otto II van Lippe (1216-1227)

Wilbrand van Oldenburg (1227-1233)

Otto III van Holland (1233-1249)

Gozewijn van Amstel (van Randerath) (1249-1250)

Hendrik I van Vianden (1250/2-1267)

Jan I van Nassau (1267-1290)

Jan II van Sierck (1290-1296)

Willem II Berthout (1296-1301)

Guy van Avennes (1301-1317)

Frederik II van Sierck (1317-1322)

Jacob van Oudshoorn (1322)

Jan III van Diest (1322-1340)

Jan IV van Arkel (1342-1364)

Jan V van Virneburg (1364-1371)

Arnold II van Hoorn (1371-1379)

Floris van Wevelinkhoven (1379-1393)

Frederik III van Blankenheim (1393-1423)

Rudolf van Diepholt (1423-1455)

Zweder van Culemborg (1425-1433)

Walraven van Meurs (1434-1448)

Gijsbrecht van Brederode (1455-1456)

David van Bourgondië (1456-1496)

Frederik IV van Baden (1496-1517)

Philip of Burgundy (1517-1524)

Hendrik II of Bavaria (1524-1529)

Willem III van Enckenvoirt (1529-1534)

Georg van Egmond (1534-1559)

 



LE SIEGE EPISCOPAL D'UTRECHT

La bulle papale de 1559 élève le Siège Episcopal d'Utrecht comme Archevêché avec cinq nouveaux évêques suffragants, tout en créant une province  indépendante en Hollande. Le siège épiscopal de Haarlem et de Deventer sont à présent occupés par des Evêques Vieux-Catholiques, qui officiellement portent les noms:  Evêque de Haarlem, et Evêque de Deventer.

LES ARCHEVEQUES METROPOLITAINS D'UTRECHT

Frederik V Schenck van Toutenburg (1559-1580)

Herman van Rennenberg (1580-1592)

Jan van Bruhesen (1592-1600)

Apostolic vicars or Archbishops in partibus

Sasbout Vosmeer (1602-1614)

Philippus Rovenius (1620-1651)

Jacobus de la Torre (1651-1661)

Johannes van Neercassel (1661-1686)

Petrus Codde (1688-1704)

Gerhard Potcamp (1705)

Adam Daemen (1707-1717)

Johannes van Bijlevelt (1717-1725)

Petrus Paulus Testa (1744)

Ignatius Crivelli (1744-1755)

Carolus Molinari (1755-1763)

Batholomeus Soffredini (1763)

Thomas Maria Ghilini (1763-1775)

Joannes Antonius Maggiora (1775-1776)

Ignatius Busca (1776-1785)

Michael Causati (1785-1786)

Antonius Felix Zondadari (1786-1790)

Caesar di Brancadoro (1792-1794)

Ludovicus Ciamberlani (1794-1828)

Franciscus Cappacini (1829-1831)

Antonius Antonucci (1831-1841)

Innocentius Ferrieri (1841-1847)

Johannes Zwijsen (1847-1848)

Carolus Belgrado (1848-1853)

AUTONOMIE DE ROME A PARTIR DE 1723

The Diocese of Utrecht was established in 695 when Saint Willibrord was consecrated bishop of the Frisians at Rome by Pope Sergius I, and with the consent of the Frankish ruler, Pippin of Herstal, settled at the market-town of Utrecht. After Willibrord's death the diocese suffered greatly from the incursions of the Frisians, and later on of the Normans. Better times appeared during the reign of the Saxon emperors, who frequently summoned the Bishops of Utrecht to attend the imperial councils and diets. In 1024 the bishops were made Princes of the Holy Roman Empire and the new Prince-Bishopric of Utrecht was formed. It contained the present day Dutch province of Utrecht and the provinces of Groningen, Drenthe, and Overijssel.

In 1122, with the Concordat of Worms, the Emperor's right of investiture was annulled, and the cathedral chapter received the right to the election of the bishop. It was, however, soon obligated to share this right with the four other collegiate chapters in the city: St. Salvator, St. John's, St. Peter's and St. Mary's. The Counts of Holland and Geldern, between whose territories the lands of the Bishops of Utrecht lay, also sought to acquire influence over the filling of the episcopal see. This often led to disputes and consequently the Holy See frequently interfered in the election. After the middle of the 14th century the popes repeatedly appointed the bishop directly without regard to the 5 chapters. In 1527, the Bishop sold his territories to Emperor Charles V and the principality became part of the Habsburg dominions; the chapters voluntarily transferred their right of electing the bishop to Charles, a measure to which Pope Clement VII gave his consent.

In 1559 Utrecht was raised to the rank of an archdiocese and metropolitan see with six suffragan dioceses, but this new state of affairs did not last long. When the northern provinces of the Netherlands revolted, the archdiocese fell, with the overthrow of the Spanish power. According to the terms of the Union of Utrecht, the rights and privileges of the Roman Catholic religion were guaranteed, but on June 14, 1580, the practice of that religion was forbidden by the magistrates of Utrecht. The Cathedral of Saint Martin was taken from the archbishop and his Chapter; in truth the Government of the United Provinces was unable to control the extremists. On August 25, 1580, Archbishop Schenk died, and two successors appointed by Spain did not receive canonical confirmation, neither could they enter their diocese.

The See remained vacant until 1602, when the place of Archbishop was taken by the apostolic vicars of the Dutch Mission (Hollandse Zending), who, however, were generally driven from the country by the Estates-General and forced to administer their charge from abroad. These vicars were consecrated as titular archbishops in order not to offend Dutch Government, but on the condition that they would assume the real title of Archbishop of Utrecht when circumstances permitted. During the last period of the apostolic vicariate, Jansenism and Gallicanism spread among the clergy and vicar Petrus Codde was suspended by the Pope, who accused him of being a Jansenist. He continued as Archbishop, remaining out of communion with the Papacy. After his death the majority of the diocesan clergy continued to claim the right to elect the bishops for themselves. Having obtained the permission of the Dutch government, in 1723 the chapter elected a new archbishop, who was not confirmed in post, and excommunicated by Pope Benedict XIII. This was the beginning of what would become the Old Catholic Church. All the Old Catholic Archbishops from 1723 until 1858 notified their elections to the Popes.

 

Old Catholic Archbishops

Cornelius van Steenoven (1724-1725)

Cornelius Johannes Barchman Wuytiers (1725-1733)

Theodorus van der Croon (1734-1739)

Petrus Johannes Meindaerts (1739-1767)

Walter van Nieuwenhuisen (1768-1797)

Johannes Jacobus van Rhijn (1797-1808)

Willibrord van Os (1814-1825)

Johannes van Santen (1825-1858)

Henricus Loos (1858-1873)

Johannes Heijkamp (1875-1892)

Gerardus Gul (1892-1920)

Franciscus Kenninck (1920-1937)

Andreas Rinkel (1937-1970)

1. Son Eminence Antonio, Cardinal BARBERINI, né en 1607 était le neveu du Pape URBAIN VIII.

Le 30 août 1627, le Pape le nomme Grand Prieur de l'Ordre des Chevaliers de Malte et Cardinal de l'Eglise Romaine au titre de "Sainte Marie en Acquiro". En 1628, il devint Légat à Avignon.

En 1655, il fut consacré Evêque de Frascati à Rome. Le Prélat consécrateur était Monseigneur SCANNAROLO, Evêque de Sidonie, assisté de l'Evêque BOTTINI, prélat du Pape, et de l'Evêque LAURENZIO GRAVOTTI DE Vintimila. Le 22 décembre 1667, le Cardinal BARBERINI devint Archevêque de Reims. En 1668, il consacra comme coadjuteur, avec droit de Succession: Monseig-neur LE TELLIER. Il mourut le 3 août 1671 au château de NEMI à quelques miles de ROME.

2. Charles, Maurice LE TELLIER fut consacré par le Cardinal  BARBERINI en l'Eglise de la Sorbonne à PARIS, le 12 novembre 1668. Il devint plus tard Archevêque de Reims.
L'Archevêque LE TELLIER, par ordre du Pape CLEMENT X, à l'Eglise des Cordeliers à Pontoise, consacra le 21 septembre 1670:

3. Jacques, Benigne BOSSUET, comme Evêque de Condom, dans le département du Gers. L'Evêque BOSSUET fut transféré par le Pape CLEMENT X à MEAUX en 1671 et reçut l'ordre du Pape de consacrer comme successeur en 1693, à l'Eglise de la Chartreuse à PARIS:

4. Jacques GOYON de Matignon, comme Evêque de Condom; par ordre du Pape CLEMENT XI, le dimanche de la Quinquagésime le 12 février 1719, il consacre à Paris:

5. DOMINIQUE MARIE VARLET, comme Evêque in partibus d'Ascalon et coadjuteur de Mgr. Pidou de St. Olon. Mgr. VARLET, consacre le 17 octobre 1739:

6. Pierre Jean MAINDAARTS, ARCHEVEQUE VIEUX-CATHOLIQUE D'UTRECHT, qui, le 11 juillet 1745 consacre:

7. Jean VAN STIPHOUT, qui consacre le 7 février 1768:

8. Walter Michel VAN NIEUWENHUIZEN, qui consacre le 21 juin 1778:

9. Adrien BROECKMAN, qui consacre le 5 juillet 1797:

10. Jean Jacques VAN RHIJN, qui consacre le 7 novembre 1805:

11. Gilbert Cornelius DE JONG, qui consacre le 24 avril 1814:

12. Willibrordus VAN OS, qui consacre le 12 avril 1819:

13. Jean BON, qui consacre le 13 novembre 1825:

14. Jean VAN SANTEN, qui consacre le 17 juillet 1853:

15. Hermanus HEYKAMP, qui consacre le 11 août 1873:

16. Gaspard Jean RINKEL qui, le 11 mai 1892, consacre:

17. Gérard GUL, Archevêque d'Utrecht qui, assisté de Mgr. VAN THIEL, P. SPIT, J.DEMMEL, le 28 avril 1908 en la Cathédrale Sainte Gertrude à Utrecht, consacre:


Bishop Arnold Harris Matthew the first Bishop of the Old Catholic Church in Great Britain

18. Arnold-Harris MATHEW, Archevêque de l'Eglise Vieille Catholique Romaine d'Angleterre, qui s'est soumis à l'Obédience Romaine le 31 décembre 1915. Monseigneur Arnold-Harris MATHEW consacra le 29 juin 1913:

19. Francis E. de LANDAS BERGHE de RACHE, Prince en Autriche, comme Archevêque de l'Eglise Vieille Catholique des Etats-Unis d'Amérique (+ 1920), qui, le 4 octobre 1916, consacre:

20. Henry-Carmel CARFORA qui, le 10 février 1924, consacre:

21. Edwin-Wallace HUNTER qui, le 24 mars 1929, consacre:

22. Wallace de ORTEGA-MAXEY, et se joignit à l'obédience de Mgr. Willmott-Newman, sous le titre de Mar David, Patriarche de Malaga, Catholicos et Primat d'Hérie de l'Eglise Catholique Orthodoxe d'Occident.)(Wallace de ORTEGA-MAXEY aurait été consacré le 2 janvier 1927 par William-Montgomery BROWN, Evêque Anglican "non juring" d'Arkansas). Monseigneur Wallace de ORTEGA-MAXEY consacre le 6 juin 1946:

Mgr Hugh George de Willmott-Newman consacre le 27 mai 1950


Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson consacre le14 avril 1952

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer consacre le 14 novembre 1954

Mgr Charles E. Brearley consacre le 14 May 1968

Mgr Andre Barbeau consacre le 31 July 1973

Mgr Victor Solis II consacre le 6 novembre 1973 Transmit sa Succession a

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) consacre le 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) consacre le 12 avril 1987

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) consacre le 18 Avril 1992

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) consacre le 26 September 1995

Mgr Tau Johannes I (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro)

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

SUCCESSION APOSTOLIQUE

DE L’EGLISE

CATHOLIQUE APOSTOLIQUE ORTHODOXE

Cette Succession Apostolique prend ses origins dans le Patriarcat D’Antioche et est la meme jusqua’ Mar Paul II, “ Gulotti Miraglia “ en 1900 A.D.

 

Notre Seigneur JESUS le CHRIST    Anno Domini A. D.

St. Paul Apostle 38

2 Evodius 44

3 Ignacius 68

4 Earon 107

5 Cornelius 137

6 Eados 142

7 Theophilus 157

8 Maximin 171

9 Seraphim 179

10 Asclepiades 189

11 Philippe 201

12 Zebinus 219

13 Babylas 237

14 Fabius 250

15 Demetrius 251

16 Paul I 259

17 Dominus I 270

18 Timothee 281

19 Cirylus 291

20 Tyrantus 296

21 Vitalius 301

22 Philogonius 318

23 Eustachius 323

24 Paulin 338

25 Melece 352

26 Philabinus 383

27 Evagrius 386

28 Phosphorius 416

29 Alexandre 418

30 Jean I 428

31 Theodote 431

32 Dominus II 442

33 Maxime 450

34 Accace 454

35 Martyrius 457

36 Pierre II 464

37 Philade 500

38 Severius 509

39 Sergius 544

40 Dominus III 547

41 Anastase 560

42 Gregoire I 564

43 Paul II 567

44 Patra 571

45 Dominus IV 586

46 Julien I 591

47 Athanase I 595

48 Jean II 636

49 Theodore II 649

50 Serverus 668

51 Athanase II 684

52 Julien II 687

53 Elie I 709

54 Athanase III 724

55 Evanius I 740

56 Servas I 759

57 Joseph 790

58 Cyriaque 793

59 Denys I 818

60 Jean III 847

61 Ignace II 877

62 Theodose 887

63 Denys II 897

64 Jean IV 910

65 Basile I 922

66 Jean V 936

67 Evanius II 954

68 Denys III 958

69 Abraham I 962

70 Jean VI 965

71 Athanase IV 987

72 Jean VII 1004

73 Denys IV 1032

74 Theodore II 1042

75 Athanase V 1058

76 Jean VIII 1064

77 Basile II 1074

78 Abdon 1076

79 Denys V 1077

80 Evanius III 1080

81 Denys VI 1088

82 Athanase VI 1091

83 Jean IX 1131

84 Athanase VII 1139

85 Michel I 1166

86 Athanase VIII 1200

87 Michel II 1207

88 Jean X 1208

89 Ignace III 1223

90 Denys VII 1253

91 Jean XI 1253

92 Ignace IV 1264

93 Philanus 1283

94 Ignace Barhid 1293

95 Ignace Ismael 1333

96 Ignace Basile III 1366

97 Ignace Abraham II 1382

98 Ignace Basile IV 1412

99 Ignce Bahanam I 1415

100 Ignce Kalejib 1455

101 Ignace Jean 1483

102 Ignace Noe 1492

103 Ignace Jesus I 1509

104 Ignace Jacques I 1510

105 Ignace David I 1519

106 Ignace Abdullah I 1520

107 Ignace An Athalak 1557

108 Ignace David II 1576

109 Ignace Philatus 1591

110 Ignace Abdullah II 1597

111 Ignace Caddhai 1598

112 Ignace Simeon 1640

113 Ignace Jesus II 1653

114 Ignace Amesiah I 1663

115 Ignace Cabeed 1686

116 Ignace Gervais II 1687

117 Ignace Isaac 1708

118 Ignace Siccarablak 1722

119 Ignace Gervais III 1746

120 Ignace Gervais IV 1768

121 Ignace Mathias 1781 A. D.

122 Ignace Bahanam II 1810 A. D.

123 Ignace Jonas 1817 A. D.

124 Ignace Gervais V 1818 A. D.

125 Ignace Elie II 1839 A. D.

126 Ignace Jacques II 1847 A. D.

127 Ignace Pierre III “Monsignor Bedros“ 1872 A. D.

128 Mar Paul I “ Athanasius “ 1877 A. D.

129 Mar Julius I “ Alvarez J. “ 1889 A. D.

130 Mar Timothee I “Joseph Rene Vilatte“ 1892 A. D.

131 Mar Paul II “Gulotti Miraglia“ 1900 A. D.

132 Whitebrock 29 December, 1908 A. D.

133 Stanaad 7 April, 1912 A. D.

134 Mar Timothee II “A. Stumpfl“ 27 Juillet, 1947 A. D.

135 Mar Justinius “Joseph-Marie Thiesen“ 17 Avril, 1949 A. D.

136 Andre Barbeau 12 Aout, 1976 A. D.

137 Georges Bellemare 12 Decembre, 1976 A. D.

138 Johannes Lux Ministri “ Jean- Marie Pomerleu “ 1987 A. D.

Consacre en L’Eglise the Advent a Montreal le 12 Avril.

139 Tau Mikael “ Monsignor Ronald Cappello “ 1992 A. D.

Consacre en la Chapelle Jean-Marie Pomerleu En Dunhan, Canada de 18 de Avril.

140 Tau Joannes “Rui Alexandre Gabirro“ 1995 A. D.

Monsignor Tau Mikael (Ronald Cappelo), qui le 26 Septembre 1995 en la Chapelle de Yonkers, New York consacra...

Monsignor Tau Joannes, Eveque de Philadelphia, (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro)

Monsignor Tau Joannes (Rui Alexandre Gabirro), Il fut Ordonne Pretre par Monsignor Charles Maurice Nurse “Tau Philippe” Bishop of Smyrna Principal of Saint-Michael In Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica Apostolica, Bridge Town, Barbados, B.W.I. .

Monsignor Rui Alexandre Gabirro, Il recevait la consecration Episcopale des mais de Monsignor Ronald Cappello “Tau Mikael” , agit comme co-consecrateur Bishop Tau Metatron.

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

 

 


SUCESION APOSTOLICA
ECCLESIA EGIPCIA CRISTIANA COPTA ORTODOXA

Cette Succession Apostolique prend ses origins dans le Patriarcat Copta D’Egipt.

Monsignor Saint John, Archeveque de la Divine Mickersayon, le 27 mai 1947 consacra...

Monsignor Lukos Archeveque des Indes de l’Ouest qui consacra...

Monsignor Harold Percival Nicholson qui le 14 Avril 1952 sous le nom de Monsignor Philippus consacra...

Monsignor Philip Charles Stuart Singer qui le 14 novembre 1954 consacra...

Monsignor Charles E. Brearley qui le 14 Mai 1968 consacra...

Monsignor Andre Barbeau qui le 31 Juillet 1973 reconsacra “Sub Conditione”....

Monsignor Roger Caro “S.B. Pierre Phoebus” qui le 6 Novembre 1973 consacra...

Monsignor Denis Claing “Petrus de Lumine” qui le 12 Avril 1987 en L’Eglise The Advent a Montreal, Canada consacra...

Monsignor Jean-Marie Pomerleau “Johannes Lux Ministri” qui le 18 Avril 1992 en la Chapelle Jean-Marie Pomerleau en Dunham, Canada consacra...

Monsignor Tau Mikael (Ronald Cappelo), qui le 26 Septembre 1995 en la Chapelle de Yonkers, New York consacra...

Monsignor Tau Joannes, Eveque de Philadelphia, (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro)

Monsignor Tau Joannes (Rui Alexandre Gabirro), Il fut Ordonne Pretre par Monsignor Charles Maurice Nurse “Tau Philippe” Bishop of Smyrna Principal of Saint-Michael In Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica Apostolica, Bridge Town, Barbados, B.W.I. .

Monsignor Rui Alexandre Gabirro, Il recevait la consecration Episcopale des mais de Monsignor Ronald Cappello “Tau Mikael” , agit comme co-consecrateur Bishop Tau Metatron.

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

SUCCESSION ANGLICANE

Le Cardinal Barberini consacra, le 12 November 1668, dans l’Eglise de la Sorbonne a Paris,

Mgr Le Tellier qui, le 21 Septembre 1670, consacra

Mgr Bossuet qui, en 1693, consacra

De Maignon, Jacques Goyen, Roman Catholic Bishop of Condom, consecrated on February 12, 1719:

Varlet, Dominique-Marie, as Roman Catholic Bishop of Ascalon (in partibus infidelium). On the death of the then Bishop of Babylon, he was reappointed to that position. While in the Netherlands he consecrated on October 17, 1739:

Meindaarts, Petrus Johannes, as Archbishop of Utrecht for the Old Catholic Church of the Netherlands, who consecrated on July 11, 1745:

Van Stipout, Johannes, as Bishop of Haarlem, who consecrated on February 17, 1768:

Van Nieuwenhuitzen, Gualterus M., as Archbishop of Utrecht, who consecrated on June 21, 1778:

Broekman, Johannes, as Bishop of Haarlem, who consecrated on July 5, 1779:

Van Rhijn, Johannes Jacobus, as Archbishop of Utrecht, who consecrated on November 7, 1805:

De Jong, Gijsbertus Cornelius, as Bishop of Deventer, who consecrated on April 24, 1814:

Van Os, Willibrordus, as Archbishop of Utrecht, who consecrated on April 22, 1819:

Bon, Johannes, as Bishop of Haarlem, who consecrated on June 14, 1825:

Van Santen, Johannes, as Archbishop of Utrecht, who consecrated on July 17, 1853:

Heijkamp, Hermanus, as Bishop of Deventer, who consecrated on August 11, 1873:

Rinkel, Casparus Johannes, as Bishop of Haarlem, who consecrated on May 11, 1892:

Gul, Gerardus, as Archbishop of Utrecht, who consecrated on April 28, 1908:

Mathew, Arnold Harris, as Bishop of the Old Catholic Church of Great Britain and Ireland. He was elected Archbishop in 1911 after the church became independent of the Old Catholic Church of the Netherlands. He consecrated on June 29, 1913:

De Landas Berges et de Rache, Prince Rudolphe Francois Edourd, as Missionary Bishop for Scotland. Due to the outbreak of World War I, as an alien, he moved to the United States of America. There he re-consecrated sub-conditione on October 4, 1916:

Mgr Henry William Francis Brothers qui est en meme temps Eveque regionnaire pour les Estas Unis de L’Eglise Mariavite et Eveque de l’Eglise Vieille Catholic en Amerique du Nord; en 1925, consacra

Mgr William Montgomery Brown que le 2 January 1927, consacra

Mgr Wallace David Ortega Maxey qui consacra (Anglican Church)

Mgr Hugh George de Willmott-Newman 6 April 1946

Mgr Harold Percival Nicholson 27 mai 1950

Mgr Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 avril 1952

Mgr Charles E. Brearley 14 novembre 1954

Mgr Andre Barbeau 14 May 1968

Mgr Victor Solis II 31 July 1973

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) 6 novembre 1973 Transmit sa Succession a

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) 6 novembre 1973

Mgr Jean-Marie Pomerleu (Johannes Lux Ministri) 12 avril 1987

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) 18 Avril 1992

Mgr Tau Johannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro) 26 September 1995

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

SUCCESSION APOSTOLIQUE

DE L’EGLISE

D’ARMENIENNE UNIATE

La Saint Eglise Apostolique D’Armenie fut fondee par les duex Apotres Barthelemy et Jude.

S. B. Pierre I “Abramo “

Patriarche de Silicie des Armenies Uniates, s’unit a Rome en 1742 A. D.

Lui succederent;

S. B. Giacomo Pietro II 1750 A. D.

S. B. Michele Pietro III 1754 A. D.

S.B. Basilio Pietro IV 1781 A. D.

S. B. Gregorio Pietro V 1788 A. D.

S. B. Gregorio Pietro VI 1815 A. D.

S. B. Giacomo Pietro VII 1842 A. D.

S. B. Michele Pietro VIII 1844 A. D.

S. B. Antonio Pietro IX 1867 A. D.

S. B. Chorchorunian 1874 A. D.

S. B. Leone Chechemian 23 Avril, 1878 A. D.

S. B. Andrea Carlo MacLagen 2 Novembre, 1897 A. D.

S. B. Herbert James Heard 4 Juin, 1922 A. D.

S. B. Willian Crow 13 Juin, 1943 A. D.

S. B. Georges de Willmott-Newman 10 Avril, 1944 A. D.

S. B. Harold Percival Nicholson 27 Mai, 1950 A. D.

S. B. Philip Charles Stuart Singer 14 Avril , 1952 A. D.

S. B. Charles E. Brearley 14 Novembre, 1954 A. D.

S. B. Andre Barbeau 14 Mai, 1968 A. D.

S. B. Victor Solis II 31 juillet, 1973 A. D.

S. B. Pierre Phoebus “ Roger Caro “ 6 Novembre, 1973 A. D.

S. B. Petrus De Lumine “Denis Claing “ 6 Novembre, 1973 A. D.

S. B. Johannes Lux Ministri “Jean-Marie Pomerleau” 12 Avril, 1987 A. D.

S. B. Tau Mikael “Ronald Cappello “ 18 Avril, 1992 A. D.

S. B. Tau Joannes “Rui Alexandre Gabirro” 26 Septembre, 1995 A. D.

Monsignor Tau Mikael (Ronald Cappelo), qui le 26 Septembre 1995 en la Chapelle de Yonkers, New York consacra...

Monsignor Tau Joannes, Eveque de Philadelphia, (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro)

Monsignor Tau Joannes (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro), Il fut Ordonne Pretre par Monsignor Charles Maurice Nurse “Tau Philippe” Bishop of Smyrna Principal of Saint-Michael In Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica Apostolica, Bridge Town, Barbados, B.W.I. .

Monsignor Tau Joannes, Il recevait la consecration Episcopale des mais de Monsignor Ronald Cappello “Tau Mikael”, agit comme co-consecrateur Bishop Tau Metatron.

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.

 

SUCESSION CATHOLIQUE VATICANE ROMAINE

Msgr. Eduardo Sánchez Camacho, who in 1899 (at a chapel in the palace of the Duke of Aosta in Italy) consecrated Edward Donkin a Bishop, from whom descend many of independent bishops.

This is the fascinating story of a Roman Catholic diocesan bishop in Mexico, who in the last half of the Nineteenth Century had a falling out with his fellow Mexican bishops after he voiced support for the Mexican Revolution and publicly opposed promotion of the cult of Our Lady of Guadelupe.

To resolve the dispute among Msgr. Sánchez and the other Mexican bishops, the Vatican sent on a special mission to Mexico an Apostolic Visitor, one of its diplomats, Archbishop Nicolás Averardi. But with his arrival the situation only went from bad to worse.

Msgr. Sánchez ultmately resigned from his see in October 1896 and retired to his villa, Quinta del Olvido, near Victoria in Tamaulipas, Mexico, where he later abandonned the Roman Catholic Church and became involved in efforts to found a Mexican National Catholic Church.

The amazing story of the life of Bp Sánchez has been recounted by José Miguel Romero de Solís in "Apostasia episcopal en Tamaulipas" Historia Mexicana, 37 (1987), pp. 239-281.

In 1899, while on a trip to Italy, Msgr. Sánchez consecrated as a bishop for this project the Rev. Edward Donkin, an American Protestant minister. In the next decade, Donkin consecrated as bishops two British Protestant ministers, Rev. Ulric Herford and Rev. Herbert Heard.

06/29/1880 Eduardo Sánchez Camacho (b. in 1838; d. in 1920).
Ordained a Roman Catholic priest on 04/05/1862 at San Francisco, California

Consecrated a bishop on 06/29/1880 at Guadalajara, Mexico by Msgr. Pedro Loza y Pardavé, Archbishop of Guadalajara, Mexico. Msgr. Sánchez Camacho was Bishop of Tamaulipas, Mexico, 1880-1896. He resigned in 1896 and later attempted to form a Mexican National Catholic Church Consacra en 1899, V1,33 Naples en Italie, dans la Chapelle d’Amedee de Savoi Mgr Comte Edward Rufane Benedict Donkin (b. in 1871; d. in 1906), Eveque de Sainte-Croix, en Sicile, que en 8 October 1904 (5) a Londres, consacra.

Ulric Vernon Herford (b. in 1866; d. in 1938), consacra 28 February 1925 (8)

William Stanley MacBean Knight, consacra 18 October 1931

Hedley Coward Bartlett (b. in 1863; d. in 1956), qui le 20 May 1945 imposa les mains sur:




Nicholson and Mar Georgius in 1949

Hugh George Mar Georgius I de Willmott Newman, qui le 27 May 1950, consacra

Harold Percival Mar Joannes Nicholson (d. in 1968), qui le 14 April 1952, imposa les mains sur:

Philip Charles Stuart Singer Mar Philippus (b. in 1910; d. in 1971), qui devint Primat de l’Eglise Nouvelle Catholic Libre et qui le 14 November 1954 consacra :

Charles E. Brearley comme Eveque du Yorkshire, Il preside la Saint Eglise Vieille Catholique, le 14 May 1966 (8) il imposa les mains sur :

André Leon Zotique Barbeau (b. in 1912; d. in 1994), Ordained a Roman Catholic priest on 11/21/1940. He left the Roman Catholic Church in 1957 and established the Catholic Charismatic Church of Canada. Consecrated a bishop on 05/14/1966 (8) at Mirabel, Québec, by Charles Brearley, a bishop of the Old Holy Catholic Church. Qui le 31 July 1973 consacra:

Mgr Victor Solis II qui le 6 November 1973, reconsacra “subconditione”

Mgr Roger Caro (S.B. Pierre Phoebus) qui le 6 November 1973 consacra

Mgr Denis Claing (Petrus de Lumine) qui , le 12 April 1987 consacra

Mgr Jean Marie Pomerleau (Johannes Lux Ministri) qui le 18 April 1992 consacra

Mgr Ronald Cappello (Tau Mikael) qui le 26 September 1995 a New York consacra

Mgr Tau Joannes, (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro)

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.


Bishop Joseph Rene Vilatte

Christian (Old) Catholic priest in the United States, first Bishop Ordinary of the CCRCC, President and Organizer of the American Catholic (Community) Church Council.

1854:  Born on January 24, the son of Joseph René Vilatte, a Parisian business man, and Marie Antoinette Chaurin. His mother passed away (in 1857) when he was very young. He was brought up in the Department of Maine, by his paternal grand parents who belonged to the Petite Église, a Catholic minded type of French Community Church movement dating back to the Napoleonic era.

1867:  Brought back to Paris by his father. Trained by the Christian Brothers for the teaching profession. Graduated in 1870.

1870-1871:  Military service at the time of the Franco-Prussian war. Served under the celebrated Bergeret. Saw the horrors of the Commune.


1881: Hired by the Hull School Board in Western Quebec, Canada. Taught at St. Anthony's School for boys under Father Louis Reboul, O.M.I. He was a celebrated missionary to the lumberjacks and presided at the local school board. Vilatte assisted Father Reboul at Notre-Dame Parish Church as a catechist. He also learned Latin at the time. He entered the Order of Christian Brothers to be able to continue working with Father Reboul.

1876-1877:  Time spent in Namur Belgium at the Christian Brothers Noviciate. While in Belgium, he found out the his protector, Father Reboul, had died on March 1, 1877. He returned to Canada and entered college there.

1878-1880:  Studied philosophy at the College of The Fathers of The Holy Cross in Ville Saint Laurent, a suburb of Montreal. Father Vanier, one of his teachers wrote "he was a charming man, generous, pious, respectful and had a lot of friends."

At that time in his life, he met Father Charles Chiniquy (1809-1899), the Quebec reformer who had founded the French-Canadian Community Movement in the United States (registered in Kankakee District Court, Illinois 1859), under the name Christian Catholic Church. Vilatte joined Chiniquy in Montreal and worked in his Franco-Canadian interdenominational mission movement, under the auspices of the Presbyterian Church. He was sent to St. Hyacinthe, Quebec as a teacher and catechist at StJohn Church with Rev. Moïse Boudreau, a disciple of Father Chiniquy.

At the suggestion of Father Chiniquy, he (Vilatte) entered the ministerial training program offered at McGuill University by the Presbyterian Church and graduated in 1884.

1884-1885: Sent to Green Bay, Wisconsin, he worked as a lay missionary to the Belgian and French-Canadian colonies of Brown County. Father Chiniquy went to support his ministry and preached in Green Bay, Fort Howard and Marineette, October 1994. His talent as a preacher brought many people to the church, not only from the Green Bay, Brown County area, but from the northern French-speaking colonies of Door County; where an independent Catholic movement had been initiated at Desert, Wisconsin, among the Belgians. Mr. Edouard de Bekker, the president of the of the movement came to see Vilatte in Green Bay and asked him to become their pastor.

He presented the situation to Father Chiniquy and it was felt favourable to get in touch with French reformer Hyacinthe Loyson. He had been a Christian Catholic (Old Catholic) rector in Geneva and was close to Bishop Edward Herzog, the Swiss Bishop. He recommended Vilatte to him. Following a tutorial training program under Bern University Professor E. Michaud, Vilatte passed an comprehensive examination in Christian Catholic theology and was ordained to the priesthood on June 7th. The ceremony took place in the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul in Bern.

Vilatte returned to Wisconsin with the support of the Robillards, a French-Canadian family, and settled in Little Sturgeon, n, Door County, where he celebrated his first mass on June 27. The Robillards lent him a log cabin which served as chapel and rectory. He called his mission 'Good Shepherd'. Here is a description made by Rev. S.J. French:

"Landing there, walked south along the lonely shore of Green Bay for about three miles where you will find a small house facing the bay, a log cabin clapboarded over the logs, with a crodd arising from the centre of the ridge-pole. This at once is the rectory and chapel. Its overlook is most lovely. It is entered by door in the middle of the front side. Entering the door we are in the middle of holy poverty.

The seats in the chapel are rough planks resting on temporary structures, the altar construction likewise, which is concealed by plain white muslin frontal. The top is covered with fair linen cloth, the altar ornaments are made of wood by the priest himself, and their roughness concealed by a coat of paint or folds of white paper. A platform a few inches high does duty for foot pace and on the floor surrounding the altar and foot pace is tacked a strip of crash towelling. This is the chancel. The sanctuary lamp is a taper in a tumbler of oil resting on a bracket nailed to the window frame. An equally rough lectern completes the furniture. For vestments, a cheap set of white Roman pattern with a chalice and paten."

The office and bedroom of the priest are opposite. Here there is no attempt at a credible appearance, except that as a chapel, all is scrupulously neat. In the office, a small cookstove and pine table covered with enamel cloth. Over the table is a rough shelf containing a few books, small crucifix and photographs of Bishop Edward Herzog, Père Hyacinthe Loyson and Dr. Eugene Michaud. A similar shelf in the bedroom contains a few more books. On the floor is no sight of carpet, on the bare logs of the house no coverings but whitewash" (The Living Church 10-24-1885).

At this time Marcel Pelletier joined Vilatte as a lay missionary.

(Reading the above, we see how simple Vilatte lived in his mission territory. There were few creature comforts and like many other pioneer priests, he made a sacrifice to live among and minister to the people of God in North-eastern Wisconsin. I believe that this is what Bishop Brown saw, when he visited the station. Vilatte was a humble man and many people saw this.)

1886: Out of the mission station grew a parish of 140 people, in only a few months, including the Desert/Brussels congregation. The need for a larger permanent church was felt. Between January 23 and March 22, Vilatte gathered the sum of $4,500 preaching in Chicago, New York, Boston and Baltimore.

He was given a piece of land in Gardner, a few miles from Little Sturgeon. At this location, the Church of the Precious Blood of Jesus was started. The Episcopal Bishop of Fond du Lac, Bishop J.H. Brown, presided at the ground breaking ceremony. Brown was supportive of Vilatte's ministry and supported the ministry until his death in May 1888. He wrote to a colleague in New Jersey that he regarded Vilatte and the French Canadians as "Uniats". Part of the money gathered by Vilatte was used for the printing of catechisms and prayer books. They were published in New York in the French language, based on Swiss materials.

1887: Jean-Baptiste Gauthier, a friend and colleague of Vilatte from the French-Canadian Chiniquist mission movement, joined him and Marcel Pelletier in Gardner during the summer. He had ministerial training from McGill University (Presbyterian University) and had been working as a teacher and catechist in Illinois since 1885. He was a former Vhristian Brother and was teaching in Ottawa when Villate was in Hull, with Father Reboul, on the Quebec side of the river.

On July 7, together with Marcel Pelletier, they formed the religious order called the Society of the Precious Blood and made it known in a pamphlet that was published in Gardner, under the title The Society of the Precious Blood: A Presentation. This publication brought two new members: Henri Neville and Erasmus Proth, both admitted in the month of October.

1888: The Belgian Independent Catholic congregation in the Desert/Kewaunee area turned into a parish and a permanent church and rectory were built in Dyckesville, later called Duvall. The parish church was put under the patronage of Saint Mary, Mother of the Lord. Vilatte moved there with Brother Proth. Father Ernest de Beaumont, a priest of the Anglican Church also joined the order and became pastor of Precious Blood, Gardner, and was assisted by Brother Gauthier, at that time, Brother Marcel Pelletier and Brother Sylvio Fournier also assisted. A seminary was established in Sturgeon Bay, in the month of September.

1889: Brother Gauthier was ordained a priest in Bern and appointed pastor of Precious Blood Parish in Gardner, at the end of October. There were about 1,000 people in the Movement at that time: 235 in Duvall; 240 in Gardner; 40 in Menominee (Michigan), plus a dispersion made at the following places and numbers of families: Green Bay (5); La Grande Baie (22); Marinette (5); Robinsonville (4); Stevenson (5); and Valin (25).

At the suggestion of Mr. Édouard de Bekker, an assembly of clergy and delegates was held in Saint Mary's Church, Duvall, on November 16, for the purpose of putting in place the Church structure called for by the faith and order commonly shared by the French speaking independent Catholics.

The assembly used a working document called "A Sketch of the Belief" that had been prepared by the Society of Precious Blood religious and had been published in Duvall on July 7 under the signature of Vilatte, superior. It formed the basis of the "Duvall Faith & Order Declaration" which is still observed today by some of the Old Catholic based Canadian Churches. It was at this meeting that Vilatte was elected to the office of Bishop.

1890-1892: Support for Vilatte's consecration came from the Independent Catholic Church of Sri Lanka, Goa and India, through Father Bernard Harding, a priest in Roman orders who had been a missionary there (then called Ceylon) before joining the Society of Precious Blood in 1890. Upon his recommendation, synodal council members were in touch with the bishops of that church and in particular, Bishop Antonio F.X. Alverez. The Bishop gave a positive answer to their request and stated that he had to consult with the Syrian Orthodox Patriarch, Ignatius Peter IV, to whom he owed his obedience, and with his colleagues, the Syrian Malabar bishops of India.

The patriarch gave his permission for the consecration in a bull that was issued in Mardine, on December 29, 1891, and the ceremony tool place in the Cathedral of Our of Good Death, in Colombo, on May 29, 1892. Indian Malabar bishops, Mar Paul Athanasius (Kottayam) and Mar Gregorius (Niranan, India). acted as co-consecrators. U.S. Council, William Morey acted as official witness. Returning to Wisconsin, Vilatte established his see at Duvall and used saint Mary's as his pro-cathedral.

Vilatte ordained Edward Knowles on August 15, for an English speaking mission in West Sutton, Massachusetts, Published the book, Ecclesiastical Relations with Foreign Churches, written in collaboration with synodal officers G. Barrette, E. De Bekker and A. Marchand. The document deals mostly with the difficult rapports with Anglican Bishop Grafton of Fond du Lac and the Old Catholics in Europe, following Vilatte's episcopal election in 1889.

1893: Vilatte wrote and published an Encyclical to Bishops of the Apostolic Succession, mostly to respond to false accusations made by Bishop Grafton re: his episcopate. Opened new parishes St Joseph in Walhaim, Kewaunee County, Wisconsin. Admitted a new Society of Precious Blood member, Louis A. Fournier.

1894: Contacts initiated with synodal members of the Polish Catholic Church, centred in Cleveland, Ohio. The leader was, Father Franciszeck Kalasweski, rector of Immaculate Heart of Mary Church, Cleveland, this church and its members joined with the Wisconsin Synod and came under the jurisdiction of Vilatte. Also, the first women were admitted to the Society of Precious Blood, Sister Mary, of Chicago. Others admitted were Brother Albert Messenge of Gardner and Father Florent de Menlenane, appointed to St. Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Duvall.

1895: The Cathedral Church of St. Louis of France was erected and blessed in Green Bay, Wisconsin. The Episcopal see was transferred there from Duvall. Father J. Lebourt, a former Roman Catholic priest, is admitted to the diocese and appointed pastor at Gardner.

POUR MEMOIRE

MGR. MAURICE AUBERGER (THEOPHOREONAI)  reçut les Ordres Mineurs et Majeurs jusqu'à prêtre inclus par ARMAND TOUSSAINT (RAYMOND PANAGION) le 10 juin 1972; consacré par ROGER CARO (PIERRE PHOEBUS, plus tard STEPHANOS), le 22 octobre 1972 (Lignée Syro-Jacobite d'Antioche). Il fut consacré "sub conditione"(Lignées Apostoliques de Mgr. CHARLES BREARLEY - IGNATIUS CAROLUS) pour la première fois, le 10 novembre 1973 des mains de ROGER CARO. Pour la seconde fois, il fut consacré "sub conditione", le 8 août 1975, pour obtenir la succession Vaticane du Brésil (Mgr. MICHEL STAFFIERO), toujours des mains de Mgr. ROGER CARO. Il fut consacré une troisième fois, le 26 juin 1978, par ROGER CARO, assisté par les consécrateurs adjoints:G. BELLEMARE; GIULIO RONDINI; et, comme co-consécrateurs et témoins: ROGER LOUBET, JEAN-PAUL CHARLET, PATRICK LEBAR. Les consécrations épiscopales de MGR. MAURICE AUBERGER ont toujours succédées  celles de MGR. ROGER CARO. Décédé.

MGR. DANIEL CARO (TELETOURGOS). Il  reçut les Ordres Mineurs, le  Diaconat et la Prêtrise le 10 février 1973, par Mgr. Jean-Paul CHARLET (JETHRO), et consacré évêque (Lignée Syro-Jacobite d'Antioche), le 11 février 1973 par Mgr. Maurice AUBERGER (THEOPHOREONAI); et,  reçut la première consécration sub conditione (Lignées Apostoliques de Mgr. CHARLES BREARLEY - IGNATIUS CAROLUS), le 1er décembre 1973 par Mgr. Roger CARO. Egalement par les mains de son père, il reçut une seconde consécration sub conditione, le 25 août 1975, pour arriver à la Succession Apostolique Romaine du Brésil de Mgr. Michel STAFFIERO. Mgr. Daniel CARO a démissionné en 1980/81.

MGR. ROGER CARO (PIERRE PHOEBUS, plus tard STEPHANOS). Un groupe d'amis, même plus des frères, s'étaient réunis pour étudier ensemble des disciplines spirituelles diverses, se basant sur l'étude des textes anciens et médiévaux. Ils étaient à l'époque trente-trois chercheurs qui étudiaient les branches de leur choix, cependant ayant  tous un point commun, la pratique du Catholicisme. Le président de ce groupement Roger CARO, organisa deux fois par an une assemblée générale à Saint-Cyr-sur-Mer, dont chaque  rencontre débutait par la célébration du Sacrifice de la Sainte Messe, faisant appel à un prêtre Catholique Romain, de Salon-de-Provence. Cependant, un beau jour, ce précieux appui fit défaut, et l'assemblée n'eut plus de Messe.Comme  Mgr. Roger CARO avait toujours fait paraître de nombreux articles touchant la théologie tant Romaine qu'Orthodoxe, ayant été instruit durant des années par Monseigneur Dahane et le Professeur Mohlberg de Rome au Vatican, il eut la surprise de recevoir une lettre de Belgique émanant de Monseigneur Armand TOUSSAINT, descendant par sa consécration en ligne directe de la Succession Apostolique de Saint-Pierre à Antioche, qui consacra Saint-Evode, premier évêque pour cette région. Il proposa de venir conférer à Saint-Cyr-sur-Mer, les Ordres Mineurs et Majeurs à Roger CARO, le 10 juin 1972.Ayant obtenu l'autonomie pour la France de la part de son consécrateur, Monseigneur Roger CARO fonda l'Eglise de la Nouvelle Alliance, du Rite Traditionnel Catholique Romain, le 12 octobre 1972.

Quelques années après, l'E.N.A. prit le nom de l'Eglise Universelle de la Nouvelle Alliance, accentuant ainsi son oecuménicité en introduisant dans l'Eglise également le Rite Orthodoxe Grec. Il est bon de se rappeler que la dite Eglise fut admise au "Collège Episcopal des Archevêques et Evêques du Siège de l'Eglise Catholique Gallicane (feu Patriarche Truchemotte de l'Eglise Catholique Gallicane), le 15 août 1973.

A partir du mois de mai 1980, le dixième jour, il est également Recteur pour la France, de l'Eglise Vieille Catholique Romaine d'Allemagne. En qualité de Patriarche-Archevêque de l'Eglise Universelle de la Nouvelle Alliance, Sa Béatitude Roger CARO reçut maintes consécrations "sub conditione", qui le fait écrire:

"L'E.U.N.A. étant oecuménique, Mgr. CARO n'hésita pas à échanger des consécrations sub conditione avec de nombreux Prélats Amis, ce qui permit la réalisation de 32 intercommunions à ce jour avec des Eglises Soeurs ayant la même foi ... car pour nous, une reconsécration sub conditione n'a jamais été donnée ou reçue avec l'arrière pensée que les précédentes étaient suspectes, mais pour "RESSERRER LES LIENS ENTRE EGLISES", en d'autres termes recevoir ou donner de nouvelles Successions Apostoliques c'était en quelque sorte entrer ou faire entrer un Ami dans  sa propre famille. Il fallait que ce point fut précisé une fois pour toutes."

MGR. ROGER CARO, Commandeur de l'Ordre Patriarcal des Chevaliers de la Sainte Croix de Jérusalem (S.B. MAXIMOS V HAKIM);  Doctor of Divinity (Docteur en Théologie), titre honorifique Anglo/Saxon;  et, Doctor en Philosophie, mourut le 16 janvier 1992. L'E.U.N.A.  fut dissout le 25 mars 1992,  suivant la publication au "Journal Officiel de la République Française, à la page 974. L'oeuvre de MGR. ROGER CARO continue  par ses Evêques  et Prêtres de l'Eglise Catholique et Apostolique, gardant intact le dépôt apostolique de la Foi. Quant à la transmission régulière et VALIDE de l'EPISCOPAT de MGR. ROGER CARO, IL FAUT CONCLURE A LA VALIDITE D'UN TEL EPISCOPAT. Quant à la juridiction, il importe de ne pas oublier ceci: en droit, il est universellement acquis, que tout véritable Evêque est Evêque pour TOUTE L'EGLISE UNIVERSELLE CATHOLIQUE. Son pouvoir d'ORDRE PONTIFICAL EST DE DROIT DIVIN.

Son pouvoir de juridiction, de DROIT HUMAIN, consiste dans la restriction conventionnelle, pour des raisons d'opportunité, de ce pouvoir d'ordre à telle partie circonscrite  de l'Eglise Universelle.  MGR. ROGER CARO  et Ses Evêques jouissent   donc d'un authentique POUVOIR D'ORDRE et il appartient directement à l'Eglise Catholique; historiquement, sa position se rapproche de celle qu'on peut attribuer à d'autres Evêques (dits constitutionnels en 1791) à qui Rome  a demandé en 1801, à la fois de démissionner et, avant de démissionner, de  CONSACRER les Evêques de la nouvelle hiérarchie Catholique  après le Concordat.

VIEILLE: Parce qu'elle rejette le modernisme et toute innovation ou abandon liturgique contraires à la pratique traditionnelle de l'Eglise. Ce nom est significatif de la fidélité à ce Catholicisme universellement accepté de par le monde depuis des siècles. Selon Saint Paul: «Restez fidèles à la Tradition». Qu'on jette maintenant un regard sur ce qu'est devenue la loi de la prière depuis la Réforme liturgique et l'on aura tôt fait de comprendre que la foi en sera bouleversée, aussi bien en ce qui concerne le sacrifice qu'en ce qui a rapport au sacerdoce.

L'esprit qui a présidé à cette réforme est un esprit moderniste, c'est-à-dire un esprit rationaliste qui de soi exclut le mystère, n'accepte que ce qu'il peut comprendre: d'où l'exclusion de la langue sacrée, la proclamation à haute voix, à  la rigueur le visage du prêtre tourné vers les fidèles, etc. L'esprit rationaliste, repoussant le sacré,  veut tout séculariser; c'est la grande découverte de l'homme moderne. Le  prêtre perdra son caractère sacré et se sécularisera; le sacrifice divin deviendra un culte de partage, de communion humaine signifié par le pain partagé, d'où l'exclusion de tout geste sacré. En fonction de ce rationalisme et de ce naturalisme, les chapelles deviendront des salles polyvalentes où éventuellement tous les cultes pourront faire leurs cérémonies. De ces salles sont exclus chemins de croix, statues, agenouilloirs, bancs de communion, etc... L'esprit rationaliste est pluraliste, puisqu'il n'accepte pas de vérité objective et pas de dogme; on introduira le pluralisme dans les formules liturgiques, la créativité dans certains cas: enterrements, mariages par exemple, et on favorisera l'oecuménisme où l'erreur  et  la vérité s'uniront dans la prière commune. L'esprit rationaliste est égalitaire et collectiviste; cet esprit marque toute la nouvelle Liturgie et les nouveaux rites: le rite du baptême est l'initiation à la collectivité, le sacrement de pénitence et celui de l'extrême-onction deviendront collectifs. Dans l'Eucharistie le prêtre ne sera qu'un fidèle président et la collectivité prendra une part active à la cérémonie. La triste constatation aujourd'hui: C'est l'exclusion du sacerdoce hiérarchique.

CATHOLIQUE: Parce qu'elle ne se confine pas à un lieu ou pour un temps quelconque mais s'adresse à Tous les Hommes de tous les temps. Elle professe la MEME FOI enseignée par NOTRE SEIGNEUR JESUS-CHRIST aux Apôtres. Nous faisons nôtre ce principe de Saint Vincent de Lerins: «Tenons à ce qui a été cru par tous, toujours et partout, car ceci est vraiment et proprement Catholique».

ROMAINE: parce que la lignée  de sa Succession Apostolique remonte à Saint-Pierre, non seulement à Antioche, mais aussi à Rome, et aussi parce qu'elle se sert fidèlement du Rite Romain, portant les vêtements liturgiques, utilisant le Missel et le Rituel sans addition et l'observant avec grand soin dans son fond, sa forme et son intention pour l'administration des sept sacrements.

APOSTOLIQUE: Nous le sommes aussi, remontant aux Apôtres et à leurs Successeurs par des lignées ininterrompues d'Evêques universellement connus et consacrés validement dans ces successions apostoliques. Les VIEUX-CATHOLIQUES  ROMAINS professent tous les articles de la  SAINTE FOI CATHOLIQUE. Ils  n'enseignent d'autres opinions que celles qui  ont été décrétées, déterminées, publiées par les CONCILES OECUMENIQUES de L'EGLISE, UNE, SAINTE, CATHOLIQUE et APOSTOLIQUE. NOUS, conservons fidèlement la Liturgie, la Doctrine, les Rites de l'Eglise Catholique de toujours. Le Latin et le chant Grégorien sont maintenus dans l'Office Liturgique.

 

MGR HUGUES-GEORGES de WILLMOTT-NEWMAN




Mar Georgius, Hugh George de Willmott Newman (1905-79)

La reconnaissance spécifique des ordres de Mgr. de WILLMOTT-NEWMAN étant un fait abondamment prouvé, ceux qui détiennent leurs ordres du Patriarcat de Glastonbury , n'ont qu'à prouver leur appartenance à cette succession apostolique oecuménique, s'ils veulent donner les preuves de la validité de leurs ordres. En effet, les exigences concernant le Ministre idoine, l'Intention voulue, la Matière adéquate, la Forme propre, ont toujours été très soigneusement remplies dans la transmission de la Succession Apostolique Oecuménique du Patriarcat
de Glastonbury. Un Evêque consacré régulièrement et validement dans la succession oecuménique par ou en succession de Mgr. de Willmott-Newman possède un Episcopat indiscutablement valide. Il est véritablement un ministre idoine du Sacrement de l'Ordre.

A chaque consécration Episcopale, les consécrateurs émettent une déclaration d'intention. Dans les interrogatoires adressés à l'élu le candidat doit également manifester dans ses réponses une intention valide. De plus, le consécrateur et l'élu sont liés par la confession de Foi de l'Eglise Catholique Romaine de toujours, à laquelle ils se sont soumis par serment, pour l'acceptation des définitions doctrinales du Concile de Trente (1545), communes à celles de Jérusalem (1672), ainsi ils sont obligés d'accepter la même doctrine concernant le sacrement de l'ordre que les Evêques de la grande Eglise de Rome. L'imposition des mains et aussi la porrection des instruments et l'intrônisation sont obligatoires. Dans le Patriarcat de Glastonbury, Monseigneur Roger CARO, ainsi que Monseigneur Philippe Laurent  DE COSTER, ont toujours utilisé le Pontifical Romain ainsi que le rituel romain qui a toujours été fidèlement observé pour conférer les sacrements, les ordinations, les consécrations épiscopales suivant du Pape Pie XII contenues dans la Constitution Apostolique du 30 novembre 1947 «De sacris Ordinibus».

C'est sur ces bases que la Succession Apostolique Oecuménique est préservée et maintenue dans l'EGLISE CATHOLIQUE APOSTOLIQUE et VIEILLE CATHOLIQUE ROMAINE. Il faut également ajouter que la consécration d'un Evêque dans cette Eglise est toujours précédée de l'élection par le Synode Directeur, de l'émission d'un  Protocole d'Election et de la délivrance d'un mandat apostolique par le Patriarche, de sorte qu'aucune question de consécration par convention privée, en dehors du contexte de l'Eglise, ne puisse avoir de chance de surgir. Dans les archives du Patriarcat de Glastonbury (n° 12 de 1953) est gardée la photocopie d'une lettre datée du 29 avril 1953, écrite par Dom Paul DAVIN, O.S.B. du Prieuré bénédictin olivétain du Christ-Roi, Bramley Road, Southgate, Londres N. 14, en Angleterre, et dans laquelle il dit: «Les Ordres des Evêques et Prêtres de l'Eglise Catholique Apostolique de Mgr. de WILLMOTT-NEWMAN «SONT VALIDES ... Leurs Ordres et Consécrations sont parfaitement VALIDES ...

Leurs professions de Foi, leur discipline, leurs usages, leur liturgie, leurs Sacrements sont VALIDES, complets,Catholiques et  Orthodoxes. Leur Credo est en tous points sembable à celui de  l'Eglise Catholique».

Les différentes et nombreuses attestations de la VALIDITE des Ordres et des
lignées de Successions Apostoliques des  Evêques sus-mentionnés, sont la conclusion logique et inéluctable de la Tradition Apostolique, de l'Enseignement de l'Eglise et des Pontifes romains. Ainsi:

1.  Ils detiennent un EPISCOPAT VALIDE.

2.  Ils ont gardé INALTERE LE DEPOT APOSTOLIQUE DE LA FOI.

3.  Ils sont considérés comme appartenant DIRECTEMENT à L'EGLISE CATHOLIQUE.

4.  Ils jouissent d'un AUTHENTIQUE POUVOIR D'ORDRE.

5.  Le fait de ne pas avoir juridiction, dans l'Eglise romaine, est considéré comme SANS IMPORTANCE, puisque de nombreux Evêques romains en sont tout aussi dépourvus !

6. Ils sont placés SUR LE MEME PLAN que les Evêques constitutionnels de France (ceux-ci étaient  les Evêques consacrés pendant la Révolution française par Mgr. Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, ancien Evêque romain d'Autun, qui renonça à l'Episcopat pour se consacrer à la politique).

7. La Succession Apostolique Oecuménique établie en leur personne et transmise aux Evêques consacrés par eux est incontestablement valide.

8.  La Fraternité Catholique Apostolique et Vieille Catholique Romaine a des Ordres sacrés et des Sacrements valides.





List of apostolic successions received by Bishop Hugh George de Willmott Newman

  • A sequence of succession is derived from the Armenian Catholic Church Archbishop Leon Chorchorunian through Leon Chechemian. However, it is disputed as to whether this is a full episcopal succession.

  • A sequence of succession is derived from the Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch Ignatius Peter IV through Jules Ferrette to Richard Williams Morgan to Charles Isaac Stevens to Leon Chechemian.

  • A sequence of succession is derived from the Old Catholic Church of the Netherlands Archbishop Gerardus Gul through Arnold Harris Mathew.

  • A sequence of succession is derived from the Old Catholic Church of the Netherlands Archbishop Gerardus Gul through Jan Maria Michal Kowalski.

  • A succession is derived from Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Archbishop Antonio Francisco Xavier Alvares (Mar Julius I) through Joseph Rene Vilatte (Mar Timotheus).

  • A sequence of succession is derived from Assyrian Church of the East Mar Shimun XVIII Rubil through Anthony Thondanatt (Mar Ibd Ishu) to Soares to Ulric Vernon Herford to Knight to Bartlett to Newman.

  • A sequence of succession is derived from the Chaldean Catholic Church Hanna Sahhab Mar Elea Johnannes Mellus and Anthony Thondanatt.

  • A sequence of succession is derived from Chaldean Catholic Church Yousef VI Emmanuel II Thomas through Antoine Lefberne to Albert Wolfort Brooks (Mar John Emmanuel) to Charles William Keller to Newman.

  • A sequence of succession derived from Melkite Greek Catholic Church Athanasios Sawoya through Antoine Joseph Aneed to Odo Acheson Barry (Mar Columba) to Newman.

  • A sequence of succession derived from Russian Orthodox Church Sergius of Finland through Henry Joseph Kleefisch to Odo Acheson Barry (Mar Columba) to Newman.

  • A sequence of succession derived from Russian Orthodox Church Ivan Nikolaevich Stragorodskij through Henry Joseph Kleefisch to Odo Acheson Barry (Mar Columba) to Newman.

  • A sequence of succession derived from Russian Orthodox Church Archbishop Evdokim Meschersky through Aftimios Ofiesh to Zuk.

  • A sequence of succession derived from Coptic Orthodox Church Apostolic Archbishop John Hickerson through Davison Quartey Arthur (Mar Lukos) to Newman.

  • A sequence of succession derived from Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America John Henry Hopkins to Cummins to Cheney to WR Nicholson to AS Richardson to Chechemian.

  • A sequence of succession derived from Order of Corporate Reunion bishops Frederick George Lee, Thomas Wimberley Mossman, and John Thomas Seccombe through Stevens to Chechemian.


CONDITION DE LA TRANSMISSION VALIDE DE L' EPISCOPAT

Elle fut formulée par le grand Docteur de l'Eglise, Saint-Augustin, Evêque d'Hippone, en rapport avec la reconciliation avec l'Eglise, au Vème siècle, des schismatiques donatistes, et elle est exprimée comme suit: «En vertu du caractère indélébilequi lui a été conféré à sa consécration, un Evêque consacré validement, mais excommunié par la suite ou seulement séparé de l'Eglise, garde le pouvoir de transmettre des  Ordres valides à d'autres qui, à leur tour, peuvent les transmettre validement, en dépit de leur schisme». Ce fut à la faveur de cet enseignement que le clergé donatiste fut reçu à nouveau dans l'Eglise sans réordination. Cette doctrine Augustinienne précisée par Saint-Thomas d'Aquin fut définie par le Concile de Trente comme Dogme de Foi. Elle assure la validité et la pérennité de la vie sacramentelle à travers les péripéties navrantes de l'histoire de l'Eglise.

BILAN

L'ensemble des considérations dévéloppées dans cet ouvrage nous conduit pour terminer à emprunter quelques extraits du "Code de Droit Canonique" actuel de l'Eglise Catholique Romaine. Après la lecture de ce livre,  le lecteur est devenu conscient, qu'àprès tout, nous nous trouvons sur le bon chemin que nous parcourons avec l'aide de Dieu. Entre les deux Eglises c.-à-d. l'Eglise Catholique Romaine, et les mouvements Vieux-Catholiques Romains, nous devons aller toujours davantage vers l'unité; au fait, voulue par le Christ et ce qui constitue notre mandat. Que cet ouvrage puisse être le pas ferme de rapprochement entre communautés ecclésiales. Sa Sainteté Paul VI déjà, nous l'avons vu, à plusieurs reprises  a bien voulu aplanir le chemin vers le véritable dialogue. Ce qui s'est passé avec le Vieux-Catholicisme  d'Utrecht, et en acceptant quelques de nos évêques reconciliés dans les successions apostoliques pré-citées  au service du Vatican.

Le but de ce livre est de créer ainsi, de notre côté, une situation favorable, non pas de simple dialogue, ni d'oecuménisme comme si nous étions des protestants, mais de collaboration, l'unité entre nous. Vraiment, il n'y a qu'un rien qui nous sépare, et ce n'est même pas une séparation, par le simple fait que nous voulons maintenir  primordialement le latin dans la liturgie de l'Eglise, nous attachant pleinement au chant grégorien. Nous voulons défendre le chant grégorien. Le latin a toujours été et restera la langue de l'Eglise Catholique Romaine. De plus, nous croyons que le latin est une langue sacrée dans l'Eglise. Ce qui a choqué beaucoup de catholiques de notre génération, c'est l'abandon du latin, beaucoup plus que la réforme liturgique. Vis à vis de ce qui suit, nous restons optimiste, avant tout parce que nous avons foi en l'Eglise, qui tient le dépôt de la foi. Elle est l'Eglise des apôtres, des martyrs et des saints de tous les temps.

EXTRAITS DU CODE DE DROIT CANONIQUE

"Qu'envers les frères qui ne sont pas en pleine communion avec l'Eglise catholique, il (l'évêque diocésain) se comporte avec bonté et charité, en encourageant l'oecuménisme tel que le comprend l'Eglise."
(Canon 383, § 3)

"Chaque fois que la nécessité l'exige ou qu'une vraie utilité spirituelle s'en fait sentir, et à condition d'éviter tout danger d'erreur ou d'indifférentisme, il est permis aux fidèles qui se trouvent dans l'impossibilité physique ou morale d'avoir recours à un ministre catholique, de recevoir les sacrements de pénitence, d'Eucharistie et d'onction des malades de ministres non catholiques, dans l'Eglise desquels ces sacrements sont valides."
(Canon 844, § 2)

"Les ministres catholiques administrent licitement les sacrements de pénitence, d'Eucharistie et d'onction des malades aux membres des Eglises orientales qui n'ont pas la pleine communion avec l'Eglise catholique, s'ils le demandent de leur plein gré et s'ils sont dûment disposés; ceci vaut aussi bien pour les membres d'autres Eglises qui, au jugement du Siège Apostolique, se trouvent pour ce qui concerne les sacrements dans la  même condition que les Eglises orientales susdites."
(Canon 844, § 3)

BISHOP Tau Joannes, EVEQUE DE PHILADELPHIA




Order of The Presbyterate, 29 of March 1994 by Charles Maurice Nurse, D.D. Tau Philippe Bishop of Smyrna,
Principal of Saint Michael and the Church of the Holy Grail, Church at River Road, Parish of Saint Michael, George Town Barbados.



Monsignor Tau Joannes (Rui Alexandre Gabirro), Il fut Ordonne Pretre par Monsignor Charles Maurice Nurse “Tau Philippe”
Bishop of Smyrna Principal of Saint-Michael In Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica Apostolica, Bridge Town, Barbados, B.W.I. .

Monsignor Tau Mikael (Ronald Cappelo), qui le 26 Septembre 1995 en la Chapelle de Yonkers, New York consacra...
Monsignor Tau Joannes, Eveque de Philadelphia, (Rui Alexandre Pires Costa Galvao Gabirro)

Monsignor Rui Alexandre Gabirro, Il recevait la consecration Episcopale des mais de Monsignor Ronald Cappello “Tau Mikael” , agit comme co-consecrateur Bishop Tau Metatron.

On the 13 of July 2016 the Rt. Rev. Bishop Tau Joannes founder of the Hospitallers Order of the Good News, becomes Grand Master Elected and Prince Regent of the Order taking on the regnal name of Joannes Mosases, on the 2nd of October 2018 taking the name of David, in order to fulfil the work at hand.
 

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